Nadezhda Rumyantseva

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Nadezhda Rumyantseva
Born Nadezhda Vasilyevna Rumyantseva
(1930-09-09)September 9, 1930
Potapovo, Smolensk Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Died April 8, 2008(2008-04-08) (aged 77)
Moscow, Russia
Years active 1952–2008

Nadezhda Vasilyevna Rumyantseva (Russian: Наде́жда Васи́льевна Румя́нцева, September 9, 1930, Potapovo, Smolensk Oblast — April 8, 2008, Moscow) was a popular Soviet and Russian comedy actress. People’s Artist of the RSFSR (1991).[1] People's Artist of Russia (2005).

Biography[edit]

Early years[edit]

Nadezhda Rumyantseva was born in the Potapovo village (now Gagarinsky District) into a simple Russian family. Her father Vasily Ivanovich Rumyantsev was a war veteran. He worked as a train conductor and later — as a forest guard. Her mother Olga Vsevolodovna Rumyantseva was a housewife.

After graduating from school Nadezhda entered theatrical courses at the Moscow Central Children's Theater.[2] Very soon she became one of the leading actresses at this theater, although the courses were dismissed in just a year under a government initiative. With the help of her teacher Olga Pyzhova she enrolled to the Russian Academy of Theatre Arts and later — to VGIK which she finished in 1955. In-between she acted in plays and movies.

Film career[edit]

Rumyantseva's first breakthrough happened in 1959 with the comedy The Unamenables directed by Yuri Chulyukin where she was given the leading role, along with her fellow-student Yuri Belov, Alexei Kozhevnikov and Yuri Nikulin. The film turned so successful (10th place at the Soviet box office with 31.83 million viewers[3]) that Chulyukin invited her to act in his second movie — Devchata that was finished in 1961. Her partner was Nikolai Rybnikov. The movie hit the 5th spot with 34.8 million viewers[4] and brought international fame to Nadezhda who was named the best actress at the Mar del Plata International Film Festival in 1962.

Same year she reunited with Belov and Kozhevnikov in the comedy The Queen of Gas Station shot at the Dovzhenko Film Studios. Once again, it turned into one of the box office leaders (5th place with 34.3 million viewers[5]) and remains among the most beloved Soviet comedy films up till these days. Rumyantseva was named Merited Artist of the Russian SFSR later on. She appeared in her last leading role in the 1967 war comedy Tough Nut along with Vitaly Solomin. It was well received by the public, but criticised by the official press for turning the Great Patriotic War into a primitive parody.[6]

Around the same time Rumyantseva married a Soviet diplomat Villi Khshtoyan who worked at the Ministry of International Trade of the USSR. They spent nearly 15 years abroad, which she fully dedicated to her husband and his daughter from the first marriage (she couldn't give birth to her own children).[7] After their return Nadezhda rarely appeared on the big screen. By that time she was more interested in dubbing. She did voice overs for many foreign pictures and TV series, as well as some of the Soviet movies and animated films. She also became the main presenter of the popular children's TV show Alarm Clock. A member of the Film Actors' Theater-Studio since 1955.

Late years[edit]

In 1996 two burglars tried to rob Rumyantseva's Moscow apartment. Her husband — a former boxer — managed to stop them, but she was hit on the head by one of the bandits which led to serious damages and regular pains. She was later diagnosed with brain tumor. She died in 2008 and was buried at the Moscow Armenian Cemetery in the Khshtoyan family tomb.[8] She was survived by her husband Villi Khshtoyan and his daughter Christine.

Selected filmography[edit]

Year English Title Original Title Role
1952 The Encounter of a Lifetime Навстречу жизни Marusya Rodnikova
1953 Alyosha Ptitsyn Grows Up Алёша Птицын вырабатывает характер Galya Ptitsyna
1955 The Mexican Мексиканец May
1959 The Unamenables Неподдающиеся Nadia Berestova
1961 Devchata Девчата Tosya
1962 The Queen of Gas Station Королева бензоколонки Lyudmila Dobriyvecher
1963 Three Fat Men (animation) Три толстяка Suok (voice)
1964 Balzaminov's Marriage Женитьба Бальзаминова Raisa
An Easy Life Лёгкая жизнь Galya
1967 Kidnapping, Caucasian Style Кавказская пленница Nina (voice)
Tough Nut Крепкий орешек Rayisa Oreshkina
1969 White Sun of the Desert Белое солнце пустыни Gyulchatai (voice)
1971 The Twelve Chairs 12 стульев Liza (voice)
Fakir hour Факир на час Tatiana Mironova
1976 Circus in the Circus Соло для слона с оркестром Doc. Whistlerová (dubbing)
38 Parrots (animation) 38 попугаев Monkey (voice)
1981 The Traded Laughter Прданный смех Emma Rickert
1982 Sportloto-82 Спортлото-82 Tanya (voice)
1989 Private Detective, or Operation Cooperation Частный детектив, или Операция «Кооперация» Lena Pukhova (voice)
2002 The Choom Valley Чудная долина Aisha
2005 Unexpected Joy Нечаянная радость Maria Ivanovna

References[edit]

  1. ^ President's decree from December 3, 1991 on the Official Internet Portal of Juridical Information (pravo.gov.ru)
  2. ^ Nadezhda Rumyantseva on the Life Line talk show by Russia-K, 2006
  3. ^ The Unamenables in the KM.RU Encyclopedia
  4. ^ Devchata in the KM.RU Encyclopedia
  5. ^ The Queen of Gas Station in the KM.RU Encyclopedia
  6. ^ Sergey Kudryavtsev. 3500. A Book of Film Reviews. Volume 1. Moscow, 2008, 688 pages. ISBN 978-5-9901318-1-1
  7. ^ Villi Khshtoyan: Nadya Always Played Herself interview for Vechernyaya Moskva, April 8, 2014 (in Russian)
  8. ^ Celebrity Tombs

External links[edit]