Nadgee to Mallacoota Inlet Important Bird Area
The Nadgee to Mallacoota Inlet Important Bird Area comprises some 385 km2 of coastal and subcoastal land at the south-eastern corner of the Australian continent, where Cape Howe marks the junction between the Tasman Sea and Bass Strait, as well as the eastern end of the state border between New South Wales and Victoria. It includes the whole of the 207 km2 Nadgee Nature Reserve in New South Wales with the adjoining 167 km2 eastern section of the Croajingolong National Park in East Gippsland, Victoria. The western border of the site is formed by Mallacoota Inlet.
The habitat contained in the IBA is mainly a mosaic of coastal heath and eucalypt woodland, including patches of temperate rainforest, wet heath, sedge swamp, dune swales and dry shrubland. Its temperate coastal vegetation constitutes one of the least disturbed such areas on the mainland of Australia, giving it a nationally significant level of structural and floristic integrity. Among the plants are six rare and several restricted species, with 24 species at their southern distributional limit.
The site has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area (IBA) because it supports the isolated southernmost population of the endangered eastern bristlebird, with an estimated size of 300 individuals, as well as a population of pilotbirds. Other birds for which the IBA is important include ground parrots, pied and sooty oystercatchers, powerful, sooty and masked owls, pink robins, striated fieldwrens and hooded plovers.
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