Nadia Murad

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Nadia Murad
Nadia Murad in 2018
Murad in 2018
Born
Nadia Murad Basee Taha

(1993-03-10) 10 March 1993 (age 29)[1]
Nationality Iraq
Notable work
Spouse(s)
Abid Shamdeen
(m. 2018)
Awards

Nadia Murad Basee Taha (Arabic: نادية مراد باسي طه; born 10 March 1993)[2] is an Iraqi Yazidi[3] human rights activist who lives in Germany.[4] In 2014, she was kidnapped from her hometown Kocho and held by the Islamic State for three months.[5]

Murad is the founder of Nadia's Initiative, an organization dedicated to "helping women and children victimized by genocides, mass atrocities, and human trafficking to heal and rebuild their lives and communities".[6]

In 2018, she and Denis Mukwege were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for "their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict".[7] She is the first Iraqi and Yazidi to be awarded a Nobel Prize.[8]

Presently, she is an advocate for Sustainable Development Goals appointed by Secretary-General of the United Nations.[9]

Early life[edit]

Murad was born in the village of Kocho in Sinjar District, Iraq, populated mostly by Yazidi people.[10][11] Her family, of the Yazidi minority, were farmers.[12]

Murad is the youngest of 11 children, not including her four older half siblings. Murad’s father married her mother after the death of his first wife, who left him with four children. Both of her parents were devout Yazidis, though Murad did not know much about the religion growing up. Murad’s father died in 2003.

As a child Murad dreamed of owning a hair salon. She was attached to her home and never imagined leaving Kocho to live elsewhere.

Activism[edit]

Capture by ISIS[edit]

At the age of 19, Murad was a student living in the village of Kocho in Sinjar, northern Iraq when Islamic State fighters rounded up the Yazidi community in the village, killing 600 people – including six of Nadia's brothers and stepbrothers – and taking the younger women and girls into slavery. That year, Murad was one of more than 6,700 Yazidi women and girls taken prisoner by Islamic State in Iraq.[13] She was captured on 15 August 2014.[14] She was held as a slave in the city of Mosul, where she was beaten, burned with cigarettes, and raped repeatedly. She successfully escaped after her captor left the house unlocked.[14] Murad was taken in by a neighboring family, who were able to smuggle her out of the Islamic State controlled area, allowing her to make her way to a refugee camp in Duhok, Kurdistan Region.[15] She was out of ISIS territory in early September[16] or in November 2014.[14]

In February 2015, she gave her first testimony – under the alias of "Basima" – to reporters of the Belgian daily newspaper La Libre Belgique while she was staying in the Rwanga camp, living in a converted shipping container.[16] In 2015, she was one of 1,000 women and children to benefit from a refugee programme of the Government of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, which became her new home.[17][18]

Aftermath[edit]

Human Rights panel in Vienna in 2018: left to right: 1 Abid Shamdeen 2 Nadia Murad 3 Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein 4 Karin Kneissl 5 Michael O'Flaherty 6 Hauwa Ibrahim 7 Max Schrems 8 Susana Chiarotti
Murad speaking with US President Donald Trump along with other victims of religious persecution on 17 July 2019

On 16 December 2015, Murad spoke to the United Nations Security Council about human trafficking and conflict. This was the first time the Council was ever briefed on human trafficking.[12][19] In 2016, Murad was named the first UNODC Goodwill Ambassador for the Dignity of Survivors of Human Trafficking. As part of her role as an ambassador, Murad participates in global and local advocacy initiatives to bring awareness of human trafficking and refugees.[20] Murad has reached out to refugee and survivor communities, listening to testimonies of victims of trafficking and genocide.[21]

In September 2016, Attorney Amal Clooney spoke before the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to discuss the decision that she had made in June 2016[22] to represent Murad as a client in legal action against ISIL commanders.[20][21][23] Clooney characterized the genocide, rape, and trafficking by ISIL as a "bureaucracy of evil on an industrial scale", describing it as a slave market existing online, on Facebook and in the Mideast that is still active today.[13] Murad has received serious threats to her safety as a result of her work.[12]

Poster of Nadia Murad speaking to the UN Security Council at the Yazidi Temple of Lalish, Ninawa

In September 2016, Murad announced Nadia's Initiative at an event hosted by Tina Brown in New York City. The Initiative intends to provide advocacy and assistance to victims of genocide.[24]

Continued Activism[edit]

On 3 May 2017, Murad met Pope Francis and Archbishop Gallagher in Vatican City. During the meeting, she "asked for help for Yazidis who are still in ISIS captivity, acknowledged the Vatican support for minorities, discussed the scope for an autonomous region for minorities in Iraq, highlighted the current situation and challenges facing religious minorities in Iraq and Syria particularly the victims and internally displaced people as well as immigrants".[25]

In 2018, Murad’s activism focused on security and accountability. Along Nadia’s Initiative, Murad worked with the Mine’s Advisory Group (MAG) to demine more than 2.6 million square meters of land in Sinjar, Iraq. She was also instrumental in drafting and passing UN Security Council Resolution 2379. The resolution called for the creation of an Investigative Team, headed by a Special Advisor, to support domestic efforts to hold ISIL (Da’esh) accountable by collecting, preserving, and storing evidence in Iraq of acts that may amount to war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide committed by the terrorist group ISIL (Da’esh).

Murad’s activism focused on accountability and gender equality in 2019, as she aided in the prosecution of an ISIL militant’s wife in Germany and the collection of evidence of ISIL crimes. Murad worked with the German Mission to the UN to help draft and pass UN Security Council Resolution 2467 in April 2019. The resolution expands the UN’s commitments to end sexual violence in conflict and emphasizes a survivor-centric approach to justice and accountability. Murad also took part in advocating for G7 member states to adopt legislation that protects and promotes women’s rights as a member of France’s Gender Advisory Council.

In 2019, Murad addressed the second annual Ministerial to Advance Religious Freedom[26] where she spoke about her story and the ongoing challenges faced by Yazidis nearly five years after the 3 August 2014 attacks. She laid out a "five-point plan of action" to address the challenges Yazidis face in Iraq.[27][28] Murad was included among a delegation of survivors of religious persecution from around the world whose stories were highlighted at the summit.[29] As part of the delegation, on 17 July 2019, Murad met with U.S. President Donald Trump in the Oval Office with whom she shared her personal story of having lost her family members, including her mother and six brothers, and pleaded with him to do something.[30]

In 2020, Murad began working with the Institute for International Criminal Investigations (IICI) and the Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict Initiative (PSVI) of the United Kingdom government to establish the Murad Code. The Code is a global consultative initiative aimed at building and supporting a community of better practice for, with, and concerning survivors of conflict-related sexual violence. Its key objective is to respect and support survivors’ rights, ensuring work with survivors to investigate, document, and record their experiences is safer, more ethical, and more effective in upholding their human rights.[31]

On 6 February 2021, the Yazidi community buried 104 victims of the Kocho massacre, including two of Nadia’s brothers. The ceremony was marked by both grief and closure, as many survivors were finally able to lay their family members to rest over six years after the genocide. It was also a visceral reminder of the urgent need to exhume all mass graves throughout Sinjar. In March 2021, the Iraqi Parliament passed the long-awaited Yazidi Female Survivors Law. The law formally acknowledges the Yazidi genocide and the gender-based trauma of sexual violence against Yazidi women and other ethnic minorities. It lays the groundwork for paying reparations, and guarantees land and job opportunities for survivors of ISIL captivity. Murad worked with Iraqi authorities and the Coalition for Just Reparations to draft and advocate for the law, as well as its ongoing implementation.

In May 2021, the United Nations Investigative Team to Promote Crimes Committed by Da’esh/ISIL (UNITAD) presented landmark findings to the UN Security Council. UNITAD’s Special Advisor, Karim Khan, reported to the Security Council that “there is clear and convincing evidence that the crimes against the Yazidi people clearly constituted genocide.” Murad joined the proceedings to call on member states to establish international trials and support national efforts to prosecute ISIL members for their crimes of genocide and sexual violence. In 2022, Murad, along with Nadia’s Initiative, the Institute for International Criminal Investigation, and the UK government, released the Murad Code. She spoke about its benefits at the United Nations Security Council open debate on “Accountability as Prevention: Ending Cycles of Sexual Violence in Conflict Open Debate on Conflict-Related Sexual Violence.”

Nadia's Initiative[edit]

In September 2016, Murad announced Nadia's Initiative at an event hosted by Tina Brown in New York City. The Initiative intends to provides advocacy and assistance to victims of genocide.[32] That same month, she was named the first Goodwill Ambassador for the Dignity of Survivors of Human trafficking of the United Nations (UNODC).

Global Survivors Fund[edit]

With her fellow 2018 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, Dr. Denis Mukwege, Murad founded the Global Survivors Fund in October 2019. The Fund works to ensure that survivors of conflict-related sexual violence globally have access to reparations and other forms of redress.

The Global Survivors Fund (GSF) builds on the advocacy efforts of the Office of the United Nations’ Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict (SRSG-SVC). The UN Secretary-General endorsed GSF in a statement in April 2019, and Security Council Resolution 2467 referenced GSF. The G7 also confirmed its support for GSF in its Declaration on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in August 2019.

Writings[edit]

Memoir[edit]

Murad's memoir, The Last Girl: My Story of Captivity, and My Fight Against the Islamic State, was published by Crown Publishing Group on 7 November 2017, which is an autobiographical in which she describes being captured and enslaved by the Islamic State.[33][34] The book has been released in 44 languages including French (Pour que je sois la dernière), German (Ich bin eure Stimme: Das Mädchen, das dem Islamischen Staat entkam und gegen Gewalt und Versklavung kämpft), Arabic (الفتاة الاخيرة: قصتي مع الأسر ومعركتي ضد تنظيم داعش), Italian (L’ultima ragazza), and Spanish (Yo seré la última: Historia de mi cautiverio y mi lucha contra el Estado Islámico).

Other Writings[edit]

“Outraged by the Attacks on Yazidis? It Is Time to Help.” The New York Times, 10 February 2018.[35]

“I was an Isis sex slave. I tell my story because it is the best weapon I have.” The Guardian, 6 October 2018.[36]

“Prioritizing ISIS over survivors?” Thomas Reuters Foundation, 12 March 2019.[37]

“UN Security Council should stand in solidarity with survivors of rape in conflict.” Thomas Reuters Foundation, 23 April 2019.[38]

“My people were massacred five years ago. The genocide continues.” Washington Post, 31 July 2019.[39]

“I am a survivor of Islamic State violence. Don’t forget us.” Washington Post, 4 April 2019.[40]

“Seeking Justice and Dignity for Survivors.” UN Chronicle, 9 December 2019.[41]

“We must protect women from sexual violence during coronavirus lockdown and beyond.” Thomas Reuters Foundation, 19 May 2020.[42]

“Yazidis have been forgotten during Covid. They need justice, jobs and a return home.” The Guardian, 24 February 2021.[43]

“America, Take a Stand for Yazidis.” Newsweek, 4 June 2021.[44]

“ISIS slaughtered my Yazidi community. We don't want your pity -- we want justice.” CNN, 16 August 2021.[45]

Personal life[edit]

In August 2018, Murad became engaged to fellow Yazidi human rights activist Abid Shamdeen.[46] They married later that year.[47][48]

Awards and honours[edit]

Nobel Peace Prize[edit]

Also in 2018, Murad was co-winner (with Denis Mukwege, an African gynaecologist) of the Nobel Peace Prize, awarded for the efforts of both people to end sexual violence as a weapon of war. The press release from the prize committee cited her refusal to remain 'silent and ashamed', and spoke of her courage in highlighting her own ordeal and that of other victims.[49]

Other Prizes[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Nadia Murad: The Last Girl: My Story of Captivity, and My Fight Against the Islamic State (Virago eBook, 7 November 2017), ISBN 978-0-349-00974-2 (English)
  • Nadia Murad: Ich bin eure Stimme: Das Mädchen, das dem Islamischen Staat entkam und gegen Gewalt und Versklavung kämpft (Knaur eBook, 31 October 2017), ISBN 978-3-426-21429-9 (German)

Filmography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ "Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad". Deutsche Welle. 5 October 2018. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  4. ^ Siddique, Haroon; Maclean, Ruth (5 October 2018). "Nobel peace prize 2018 won by Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad – as it happened". The Guardian.
  5. ^ Westcott, Lucy (19 March 2016). "ISIS sex slavery survivor on a mission to save Yazidi women and girls". Newsweek. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  6. ^ "Nadia Murad". Forbes. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Announcement" (PDF). The Nobel Peace Prize.
  8. ^ "Nobel Peace Prize winner Nadia Murad". BBC News. 5 October 2018.
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  12. ^ a b c Murad Basee Taha, Nadia (16 December 2015). "Nadia Murad Basee Taha (ISIL victim) on Trafficking of persons in situations of conflict – Security Council, 7585th meeting" (Video). United Nations Television (UNTV). Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  13. ^ a b c "Appointment Ceremony of Ms. Nadia Murad Basee Taha As UNODC Goodwill Ambassador for the Dignity of Survivors of Human Trafficking on the Occasion of the International Day of Peace" (Video). United Nations Television (UNTV). 16 September 2016. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  14. ^ a b c Alter, Charlotte (20 December 2015). "A Yezidi Woman Who Escaped ISIS Slavery Tells Her Story". Time. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
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  16. ^ a b Lamfalussy, Christophe (22 February 2015). "La sixième nuit j'ai été violée par tous les gardes, Salman a dit: elle est à vous maintenant". La Libre Belgique (in French).
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  25. ^ "A Meeting with his Holiness Pope Francis". nadiamurad.org. 8 May 2017. Archived from the original on 28 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  26. ^ "2019 Ministerial to Advance Religious Freedom". US Department of State.
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  28. ^ Ministerial To Advance Religious Freedom (Tuesday Part 2 of 3), retrieved 2 August 2019
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  30. ^ Saffeya Ahmed (19 July 2019). "Trump Oval Office exchange with Nobel Peace Prize winner highlights tension over immigration". CNN. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  31. ^ "Murad Code Project". Murad Code Project.
  32. ^ "NADIA'S INITIATIVE". Uncommon Union. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  33. ^ "The Last Girl". nadiamurad.org. 17 August 2017. Archived from the original on 27 December 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  34. ^ @NadiaMuradBasee (23 October 2017). "Honored to announce my memoir THE LAST GIRL will be published by @CrownPublishingGroup on Nov 7th" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  35. ^ Murad, Nadia (10 February 2018). [nytimes.com/2018/02/10/opinion/sunday/yazidis-islamic-state-rape-genocide.html "Outraged by the Attacks on Yazidis? It Is Time to Help"]. New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2022. {{cite news}}: Check |url= value (help)
  36. ^ Murad, Nadia (6 October 2018). "I was an Isis sex slave. I tell my story because it is the best weapon I have". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  37. ^ Murad, Nadia (12 March 2019). "Prioritizing ISIS over survivors?". Thomas Reuters Foundation News. Thomas Reuters Foundation. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  38. ^ Murad, Nadia; Mukwege, Denis (23 April 2019). "OPINION: UN Security Council should stand in solidarity with survivors of rape in conflict". Thomas Reuters Foundation News. Thomas Reuters Foundation. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  39. ^ Murad, Nadia (31 July 2019). "Opinion: My people were massacred five years ago. The genocide continues". Washington Post. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  40. ^ Murad, Nadia (4 April 2019). "Opinion: I am a survivor of Islamic State violence. Don't forget us". Washington Post. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  41. ^ Murad, Nadia (9 December 2019). "Seeking Justice and Dignity for Survivors". UN Chronicle. United Nations. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  42. ^ Murad, Nadia (19 May 2020). "OPINION: We must protect women from sexual violence during coronavirus lockdown and beyond". Thomas Reuters Foundation News. Thomas Reuters Foundation. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  43. ^ Murad, Nadia (24 February 2021). "Yazidis have been forgotten during Covid. They need justice, jobs and a return home". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  44. ^ Murad, Nadia (4 June 2021). "America, Take a Stand for Yazidis". Newsweek. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  45. ^ Murad, Nadia (16 August 2021). "ISIS slaughtered my Yazidi community. We don't want your pity -- we want justice". CNN. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  46. ^ "Yazidi Islamic State survivor gets engaged". BBC News. 20 August 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  47. ^ Jaklewicz, Greg (7 December 2018). "Abilene couple invited to Monday's Nobel Peace Prize ceremony in Sweden". Abilene Reporter-News. Retrieved 19 April 2022.
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  50. ^ Monasebian, Simone (14 September 2016). "Nadia Murad Basee Taha to be appointed Goodwill Ambassador by United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime on 16th September". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  51. ^ "Václav Havel Human Rights Prize 2016 awarded to Nadia Murad". PACE News. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  52. ^ "Why I am nominating Nadia Murad for Sakharov Prize". Beatriz Becerra. 12 September 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  53. ^ Becerra Basterrechea, Beatriz (20 July 2016). "Yazidi genocide victims deserve European Parliament prize". EurActiv. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  54. ^ "EU Parliament awards Sakharov prize to Yazidi women". 27 October 2016.
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  62. ^ "Goalkeepers18 - Nadia Murad, Goalkeepers Changemaker Award Winner". YouTube. The Global Goals. Retrieved 16 August 2022. {{cite web}}: Text "Global Goals" ignored (help)
  63. ^ "Harvard Humanitarian Initiative". Twitter. Harvard Humanitarian Initiative. Retrieved 16 August 2022.
  64. ^ "Friedensnobelpreisträgerin Nadia Murad mit Bambi geehrt". landeszeitung.de (in German). 21 November 2019. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  65. ^ "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". Achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
  66. ^ "2019 Summit Highlights Photo". Rita Dove, former United States Poet Laureate, presenting the Golden Plate Award to Nadia Murad, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Peace, during the Banquet of the Golden Plate Award gala at the St. Regis Hotel in New York City.
  67. ^ Potters, Jaimie (12 April 2019). "Anita Hill, Katy Perry, and Nadia Murad Honored at the 2019 DVF Awards". ELLE. Retrieved 16 August 2022.
  68. ^ Staff Writer (4 October 2019). "Nobel laureate receives honorary degree from SHU". The Setonian. Seton Hall University. Retrieved 16 August 2022.
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  71. ^ "Nadia Murad accepts O'Connor Justice Prize". ASU News. Arizona State University. Retrieved 16 August 2022.
  72. ^ "Frank and Cheri Hermance Atlas Award". World Affairs Council of Philadelphia. Retrieved 16 August 2022.
  73. ^ Flores, Juan (4 November 2021). "Nobel Laureate and Human Rights Activist Nadia Murad Celebrated as 14th Recipient of Spendlove Prize". UC Merced Newsroom. UC Merced. Retrieved 16 August 2022.
  74. ^ DUMOSKI, STACI (22 March 2022). "Nobel Peace Laureate Nadia Murad Appointed as Chapman University Presidential Fellow". Chapman University Newsroom. Chapman University. Retrieved 16 August 2022.

External links[edit]

Media related to Nadia Murad at Wikimedia Commons