Nadia Murad

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Nadia Murad
Nadia Murad - Global Citizen Festival Hamburg 02.jpg
Nadia Murad (2017)
Born Nadia Murad Basee Taha
1993 (age 24–25)
Kojo, Iraq
Occupation Human rights activist
Years active 2014–present

Nadia Murad Basee Taha (Kurdish: نادیە موراد‎, Arabic: نادية مراد‎; born 1993 in Kojo) is a Yazidi human rights activist from Iraq,[1][2][3][4] and since September 2016 the first Goodwill Ambassador for the Dignity of Survivors of Human Trafficking of the United Nations (UNODC).[5] Nadia's mission is sponsored and supported by Yazda: Global Yazidi Organization. She was kidnapped and held by the Islamic State in August 2014.[6] On 1 June 2017, she returned to her home village of Kojo after three years.[7][8]

Early life[edit]

Murad was born in the village of Kojo in Sinjar, Iraq. Her family, of the Yazidi ethno-religious minority, were farmers.[9]

Captivity[edit]

At the age of 19, Murad was a student living in the village of Kojo in Sinjar, northern Iraq when Islamic State fighters rounded up the Yazidi community in the village killing 600 people – including six of Nadia's brothers and stepbrothers – and taking the younger women into slavery. That year Murad was one of more than 6,700 Yazidi women taken prisoner by Islamic State in Iraq.[10] She was held as a slave in the city of Mosul, beaten, burned with cigarettes, and raped when trying to escape. Nadia was able to escape after her captor left the house unlocked.[11] She was taken in by a neighbouring family who were able to smuggle her out of the Islamic State controlled area, allowing her to make her way to a refugee camp in Duhok, northern Iraq. In February 2015, she gave her first testimony to reporters of the Belgian daily La Libre Belgique while she was staying in the Rwanga camp, living in a container.[12] In 2015, she was one of 1000 women and children to benefit from a refugee programme of the Government of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, which became her new home.[13][14]

Career[edit]

On 16 December 2015, Murad briefed the United Nations Security Council on the issue of human trafficking and conflict, the first time the Council was ever briefed on human trafficking.[9][15] As part of her role as an ambassador, Murad will participate in global and local advocacy initiatives to bring awareness of human trafficking and refugees.[16] Murad reaches out to refugee and survivor communities, listening to testimonies of victims of trafficking and genocide.[17]

As of September 2016, Attorney Amal Clooney spoke before the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to discuss the decision that she had made in June 2016[18] to represent Murad as a client in legal action against ISIL commanders.[16][17][19] Clooney characterized the genocide, rape, and trafficking by ISIL as a "bureaucracy of evil on an industrial scale", describing it as a slave market existing both online, on Facebook and in the Mideast that is still active today.[10] Murad has received serious threats to her safety as a result of her work.[9]

Poster of Nadia Murad speaking to the UN Security Council at the Yazidi Temple of Lalish, Kurdistan-Iraq

In September 2016, Murad announced Nadia's Initiative at an event hosted by Tina Brown in New York City. The initiative will provide advocacy and assistance to victims of genocide.[20]

On 3 May 2017, Murad met Pope Francis and Archbishop Gallagher in the Vatican City. During the meeting she "asked for helping Yazidis who are still in ISIS captivity, acknowledged the Vatican support for minorities, discussed the scope for an autonomous region for minorities in Iraq, highlighted the current situation and challenges facing religious minorities in Iraq and Syria particularly the victims and internally displaced people as well as immigrants."[21]

Her memoir, The Last Girl: My Story of Captivity, and My Fight Against the Islamic State, was published by Crown Publishing Group on 7 November 2017.[22][23]

Honours[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "نادية مراد حكاية ضحية ام خطة مخفية". وكالة سكاي برس. December 29, 2015. 
  2. ^ Khudida, Ahmed (18 August 2016). "A Statement by Nadia Murad and Yazda`s Communication Team on Nadia and Yazda Visit to Australia". Yazda: A Global Yazidi Organization. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  3. ^ Editorial Staff in Yazidis (6 January 2016). "Iraq nominates Islamic State Yazidi victim Nadia Murad for Nobel prize". Ekurd Daily. Baghdad. Retrieved 22 September 2016. 
  4. ^ Mogul, Priyanka (8 January 2016). "Yazidi woman Nadia Murad: Former Isis sex slave could win next Nobel Peace Prize". International Business Times. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  5. ^ del Campo, Carlos Gomez (16 September 2016). "Human trafficking survivor Nadia Murad named UNODC Goodwill Ambassador". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  6. ^ Westcott, Lucy (19 March 2016). "ISIS sex slavery survivor on a mission to save Yazidi women and girls". Newsweek. Retrieved 22 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "Ex-captive of ISIL sheds tears on return to Iraq". Al Jazeera. 2 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "Overcome with grief, Nadia Murad, ISIS survivor, returns to hometown". Rudaw. 1 June 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c Murad Basee Taha, Nadia (16 December 2015). "Nadia Murad Basee Taha (ISIL victim) on Trafficking of persons in situations of conflict - Security Council, 7585th meeting" (Video). United Nations Television (UNTV). Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c "Appointment Ceremony of Ms. Nadia Murad Basee Taha As UNODC Goodwill Ambassador for the Dignity of Survivors of Human Trafficking on the Occasion of the International Day of Peace" (Video). United Nations Television (UNTV). 16 September 2016. Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  11. ^ Alter, Charlotte (20 Dec 2015). "A Yezidi Woman Who Escaped ISIS Slavery Tells Her Story". Time Magazine. Retrieved 18 December 2016. 
  12. ^ Lamfalussy, Christophe (22 February 2015). "La sixième nuit j'ai été violée par tous les gardes, Salman a dit: elle est à vous maintenant". 
  13. ^ Alter, Charlotte (20 December 2015). "Yezidi Girl Who Escaped Isis Sex Slavery: Please Help Us". Time. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  14. ^ Whyte, Lara (18 February 2016). "'Every Part of Me Changed in Their Hands': A Former ISIS Sex Slave Speaks Out". Broadly. Vice. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  15. ^ "ظهورجريء للفتاة الازيديية نادية مراد ابكى اعضاءً في مجلس الامن وصفق لها الحاضرون". عراق برس. December 18, 2015. 
  16. ^ a b Harris, Elise (19 September 2016). "Amal Clooney, George's wife, takes on U.N. and ISIS". The Washington Times. Retrieved 22 September 2016. 
  17. ^ a b McFadden, Cynthia; Whitman, Jake; Rappleye, Hannah (19 September 2016). "Amal Clooney Takes on ISIS for 'Clear Case of Genocide' of Yazidis'". NBC News. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  18. ^ Allum, Cynthia (9 June 2016). "Exclusive: Amal Clooney to represent ISIS survivor Nadia Murad and victims of Yazidi genocide". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  19. ^ Lara, Maria Mercedes (19 September 2016). "Watch: Amal Clooney Reveals She and George Talked About the 'Risks' of Taking on ISIS – 'I Mean, This Is My Work'". People. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  20. ^ "Nadia's Initiative". Uncommon Union. Retrieved 9 October 2016. 
  21. ^ "A Meeting with his Holiness Pope Francis". nadiamurad.org. May 8, 2017. 
  22. ^ "The Last Girl". nadiamurad.org. August 17, 2017. 
  23. ^ @NadiaMuradBasee (October 23, 2017). "Honored to announce my memoir THE LAST GIRL will be published by @CrownPublishingGroup on Nov 7th" (Tweet) – via Twitter. 
  24. ^ WITW Staff (15 September 2016). "ISIS survivor Nadia Murad turns harrowing personal suffering into humanitarian initiative". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 September 2016. 
  25. ^ "Iraq nominates Yezidi woman Nadia Murad for Nobel prize". Rudaw Media Network. 1 May 2016. 
  26. ^ "عێراق نادیە موراد بۆ وەرگرتنی خەڵاتی نۆبڵ بەربژێر دەکات". Rudaw Media Network. 1 May 2016. 
  27. ^ "Nadia Murad, Pope Francis among Nobel Peace Prize candidates". 
  28. ^ Monasebian, Simone (14 September 2016). "Nadia Murad Basee Taha to be appointed Goodwill Ambassador by United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime on 16th September". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  29. ^ "Why I am nominating Nadia Murad for Sakharov Prize". Beatriz Becerra. 12 September 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016. 
  30. ^ Becerra Basterrechea, Beatriz (20 July 2016). "Yazidi genocide victims deserve European Parliament prize". EurActiv. Retrieved 8 October 2016. 
  31. ^ "EU Parliament awards Sakharov prize to Yazidi women". 27 October 2016. 

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