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|• Body||Nadiad Municipality|
|• President||Pankajbhai Desai|
|• Total||165.16 km2 (63.77 sq mi)|
|Elevation||35 m (115 ft)|
|• Rank||210 (in India) 8th (in Gujarat)|
|• Density||1,400/km2 (3,500/sq mi)|
|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
387 001,387 002
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The city of Nadiad is said to have been settled by rope dancers, hence the historical name of "Natapadra" (outskirts of/for natas) or "Natpur" (city for natas). It is also referred to as 'Nandgam'. The city has nine routes, and on each route there is a step well. The city is also well known for the number 9: there are 9 villages or towns located to all the 9 roads that exit from Nadiad; 9 step wells around the city; and 9 lakes in the city. Nadiad was also known as 'Sakshar Bhumi', or The land of educated.
The city was formerly ruled by Muslims, and later on by the Gaekwad of Baroda. Malhar Rao Gaekwad built the first Hindu temple called Narayan Dev Mandir located in the centre of the city.
It is said that during the reign of Ramalhad, Nadiad was ruled by seven patis. Around Salun Boarder and mosque was the ‘jagir’ (property) of Jerambhai Bechardas, was the area of Sidibaxi. Ramaldhad’s ‘pati’ located in Alhadvaga. These ‘patis’ suggest that the people living in these areas are ‘Patidars’ who are the main agricultural landlords of Kheda district. The government revenue department has based its revenue system on thiese. There are seven ‘patis’: Alad pati, Kakarkhad pati, Chaklashi pati, Lakhavaad pati, Hirjee pati, Ratanjee pati and Killedari pati.
Nadiad usually has mild winters and very hot summers, with an average of from 32 °C (90 °F) to 46 °C (115 °F), and an average rainfall from 70 centimetres (28 in) to 120 centimetres (47 in). Monsoon floods can be catastrophic, dropping from 300 millimetres (12 in) to over 500 millimetres (20 in) of rain, causing widespread flooding such as the 2005 Gujarat floods or the 2008 Indian floods.
As of 2011[update] India census, Nadiad had a population of 225,071. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Nadiad has an average literacy rate of 95%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 96%, and female literacy is 94%. In Nadiad, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The seat of Santram Maharaj and the Santram Mandir are important not only for its religious following, but for the public service activities undertaken there, such as free medical care for low-income individuals and feeding programmes for the poor and sadhus.
Nadiad was also the land of laureates and writers during the later years of 19th century and beginning of the 20th. The author of the epic Gujarati novel 'Saraswatichandra', Govardhanram Tripathi, Indulal Yagnik freedom fighter and writer who lead Mahagujarat Movement demanding separate statehood to Gujarat was born here.
A famous Humorist, columnist, president of Gujarat Sahitya Parishd, Bakul Tripathi (27 November 1928 - 21 August 2006) was born in Nadiad. He was a recipient of Ranjeetram Gold Medal, Kumar Gold Medal, Jyotindra Dave Prize and was awarded by Gujarat Government too.
A spiritual leader Chunilal Asharam Bhavsar as known as Pujya Mota was born in Nadiad. He founded Hari Ohm Ashram.
Akshar Patel (born 20 January 1994) is an Indian cricketer. He plays as an all-rounder for the Gujarat cricket team. He is a left-hand batsman and slow left-arm orthodox bowler. He was signed to the IPL franchise Mumbai Indians in 2013, and then by Kings XI Punjab in 2014. He made his One-Day International debut against Bangladesh in 2014. He was part of India's 15-man squad for the 2015 Cricket World Cup .
Vishvesh Parmar a Bollywood singer, music composer, record producer and sound engineer. He is famous for his viral hit song Pankhida from the film Kevi Rite Jaish and has sung for films such as Rakta Charitra, Gang of Ghosts and Kevi Rite Jaish.
Some of educational institutes located in Nadiad are:
- Dharamsinh Desai University
- Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
- New English School
- J & J College of Science
- Smt.T.J.Patel Commerce College
- C. B. Patel Arts College
- Dinsha Patel College of Nursing
- J & J Science College
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Nadiad
- "Gujarat Floods 2005: Project Report" (PDF). Report. International Association for Human Values and the Art of Living. 2005. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
- "Nadiad City Population Census 2011 | Gujarat". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
- Share on Twitter (2014-06-23). "Vishvesh Parmar celebrates World Music Day - Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2016-04-16.
- Share on Twitter (2014-02-19). "Vishvesh Parmar's new music outing - Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2016-04-16.
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