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Korean cold cucumber soup-Oi naengguk-01.jpg
A bowl of elaborated oi-naengguk (chilled cucumber soup)
Alternative namesChilled soup
Place of originKorea
Serving temperatureCold
Korean name
Revised Romanizationnaengguk

Naengguk[1] (냉국) or chilled soup[1] refers to all kinds of cold guk (soups) in Korean cuisine, mainly eaten in summer. It is so called changuk, which literally means "cold soup" in pure Korean, while the term naengguk is a combination of a hanja word and a pure Korean word with the same meaning.[2]

The first historical record on naengguk appears in a poem written by Yi Gyu-bo (1168–1241), a high officer of the Goryeo period (918–1392). In the poem, naengguk is referred to as sungaeng, which literally means sunchaeguk, soup made with sunchae (Brasenia schreberi). Yi praised its clear and plain taste, saying it made usual dishes seem vulgar.[3][4]

Naengguk is largely divided into two categories according to seasoning and ingredients. The first category is made by mixing chilled water and vinegar to give a sour and sweet taste such as miyeok naengguk made with wakame, oi naengguk made with cucumber, pa naengguk made with spring onions, nameul naengguk made with garlic, and gim naengguk made with gim or nori. The other category is made to supplement health and has rich tastes such as chilled soup made with chicken, sesame, or soybeans.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b (in Korean) "주요 한식명(200개) 로마자 표기 및 번역(영, 중, 일) 표준안" [Standardized Romanizations and Translations (English, Chinese, and Japanese) of (200) Major Korean Dishes] (PDF). National Institute of Korean Language. 2014-07-30. Retrieved 2017-02-16. Lay summary.
  2. ^ 냉국 (in Korean). Nate Korean Dictionary. Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  3. ^ a b 냉국 (in Korean). Nate / Encyclopedia of Korean Culture. Archived from the original on 2011-06-10. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  4. ^ a b 냉국 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-10-23.[permanent dead link]

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