Nag Champa is a fragrance of Indian origin, based on a combination of magnolia (champaca or champak) and sandalwood, or frangipani (plumeria) and sandalwood - though when frangipani is used, the name is usually just "Champa", without the "Nag". It is used in incense, soap, perfume oil, essential oils, candles, and personal toiletries. It is a popular and recognizable incense fragrance throughout the world.
A number of flower species in India are known as champa or champak:
- Magnolia champaca, formerly classified as Michelia champaca (swarna champa or yellow champa)
- Plumeria rubra and Plumeria acutifolia (frangipani)
- Mesua ferrea (nagkeshar or nagchampa)
Nag Champa perfume ingredients vary with the manufacturer, though generally they include sandalwood and magnolia, which, as the plant is related to star anise, gives the scent a little spice. Other ingredients will depend on the finished product. Perfume-dipped incenses and soaps would use essential oils or scents, while masala incenses would use finely ground fragrant ingredients as well as essential oils.
- Stephanie Rose Bird (2006). Four Seasons of Mojo: An Herbal Guide to Natural Living. Llewellyn Worldwide. p. 67.
- Margaret Ann Lembo (2006). The Essential Guide to Aromatherapy and Vibrational Healing. Llewellyn Worldwide. p. 41.
- Tomás Prower (1 Oct 2015). La Santa Muerte. Llewellyn Worldwide. p. 99.
- Alaric Albertsson (8 Nov 2013). To Walk a Pagan Path. Llewellyn Worldwide. p. 232.
- Som Nath Mahindru (1992). Indian plant perfumes. Metropolitan. p. 107.
- "Halmaddi - India". Equinox Aromatics. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- Robert Beer (1999). The Encyclopedia of Tibetan Symbols and Motifs. Serindia. p. 50.
- Stephanie Rose Bird (2006). Four Seasons of Mojo: An Herbal Guide to Natural Living. Llewellyn. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-7387-0628-3.
- Tess Whitehurst (2013). The Magic of Flowers: A Guide to Their Metaphysical Uses & Properties. Llewellyn Worldwide. pp. 295–. ISBN 978-0-7387-3194-0.
- Ayala Moriel (28 June 2007). "Champaca Flowers vs. Nag Champa Incense". ayalasmellyblog.blogspot.com.
- Media related to Nag Champa at Wikimedia Commons