Nag Champa is a fragrance of Indian origin. It is used in incense, soap, perfume oil, essential oils, candles and personal toiletries, and is common in ashrams. Introduced to the U.S. by the Hippies in the 1960s, it has become one of the most popular and recognizable incense fragrances.
Ingredients of Nag Champa incense include:
- A base of wood powder and charcoal powder
- The Halmaddi paste, made from the resin of Ailanthus triphysa, an evergreen rainforest tree: A hygroscopic paste, it slows down the rate at which the incense burns.
- The Nag Champa perfume mixture, which varies with the manufacturer. The most commonly used components are:
- Vanilla (natural or artificial): Added to tone down the halmaddi and provide a subtle sweetness.
- Other oils: Added to accentuate the scents.
- Honey or water
Many flower species in India are known as champa or champak:
- Magnolia champaca, formerly classified as Michelia champaca (swarna champa or yellow champa)
- Plumeria rubra and Plumeria acutifolia (frangipani)
- Mesua ferrea (nagkeshar or nagchampa)
- "Halmaddi - India". Equinox Aromatics. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- Robert Beer (1999). The Encyclopedia of Tibetan Symbols and Motifs. Serindia. p. 50.
- Stephanie Rose Bird (2006). Four Seasons of Mojo: An Herbal Guide to Natural Living. Llewellyn. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-7387-0628-3.
- Tess Whitehurst (2013). The Magic of Flowers: A Guide to Their Metaphysical Uses & Properties. Llewellyn Worldwide. pp. 295–. ISBN 978-0-7387-3194-0.
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