Naga, Camarines Sur

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Naga
Independent Component City
City of Naga
(From top, left to right) Holy Rosary Seminary, Universidad de Santa Isabel, Naga Metropolitan Cathedral, Our Lady of Peñafrancia, Ateneo de Naga University, Our Lady of Peñafrancia Shrine, Malabsay Falls, Naga City Hall, Carmelite Monastery, Peñafrancia Festival
Official seal of Naga
Seal
Nickname(s): The Heart of Bicol; An Maogmang Lugar (The Happy Place);[1][2][3][4][5][6] Pilgrim City of Naga
Motto(s): Uswag, Naga! (Progress, Naga!)
Map of Camarines Sur with Naga highlighted
Map of Camarines Sur with Naga highlighted
Naga is located in Philippines
Naga
Naga
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°37′N 123°10′E / 13.62°N 123.17°E / 13.62; 123.17Coordinates: 13°37′N 123°10′E / 13.62°N 123.17°E / 13.62; 123.17
Country  Philippines
Region Bicol Region (Region V)
Province Camarines Sur (geographically only)
District 3rd district
Founded 1575
Royal City-charter 1595
Renamed 1919
Cityhood June 18, 1948
Founded by Capt. Pedro de Chavez
Barangays 27 (see Barangays)
Government[7]
 • Type Sangguniang Panlungsod
 • Mayor John G. Bongat
 • Vice Mayor Nelson S. Legacion
 • Electorate 85,473 voters (2016)
Area[8]
 • Total 84.48 km2 (32.62 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[9]
 • Total 196,003
 • Density 2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Nagueño (masculine)
Nagueña (feminine)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4400
PSGC 051724000
IDD:area code +63 (0)54
Climate type Tropical rainforest climate
Income class 2nd city income class
Revenue (₱) ₱975,090,393.23(2016)[10]
Poverty incidence 15.69 (2012)[11]
Website naga.gov.ph

Naga, officially the City of Naga (Central Bikol: Ciudad nin Naga; Rinconada Bikol: Syudad ka Naga; Filipino: Lungsod ng Naga; Spanish: Ciudad de Naga), or known simply as Naga City, is a 2nd class independent component city in the Bicol Region, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 196,003 people.[9]

The town was established in 1575 on order of Spanish Governor-General Francisco de Sande, the city, then named Ciudad de Nueva Cáceres (New Cáceres City), earned its status as the third Spanish Royal City in the Spanish East Indies after Iloilo and Manila.

Geographically and statistically classified and legislatively represented under Camarines Sur but administratively independent from the provincial government, Naga is the Bicol Region's trade,[12][13] business,[13] religious, cultural, industrial, commercial,[14] medical,[15][16] educational[14] and[17] financial center.[18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25] It was awarded as the "Most Competitive Component City in the Philippines"[26][27] also being "the Center of Good Governance in the Philippines".[28]

Naga is known as the "Queen City of Bicol",[29][30] and as the Heart of Bicol[31][32] due to its central location in the Bicol Peninsula; and as the Pilgrim City because Naga is also home to the largest Marian pilgrimage in Asia, the Our Lady of Peñafrancia. Naga is also known as One of the Seven Golden Cities of the Sun as stated by Nick Joaquin.[33][34]

The city is the seat of the Metropolitan Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Caceres, which makes the city Bicol's religious center, whose jurisdiction includes all the suffragan sees of Bicol. The city is also the seat of the venerated Our Lady of Peñafrancia. The image is one of the most popular objects of devotion in the country.[35]

Geography[edit]

Naga is located within the province of Camarines Sur in the southeastern tip of Luzon at the near the center of the Bicol Region, surrounded on all sides by rich agricultural, forest and fishing areas. It covers a land area of 8,448 hectares (20,880 acres) and is located around the serpentine and historic Naga River, at the confluence of the Naga and Bikol Rivers. Thus, it has always been an ideal place for trade and as center for schools, church and government offices. Included in its territory is Mount Isarog, a declared protected area in Region V known as Mount Isarog Natural Park.[36]

Naga is located 435 kilometres (270 mi) southeast of Manila, the nation's capital.

Barangays[edit]

The Naga is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.[37]

Barangays Class Population[38] Barangay head[39]
Abella Urban 4,788 Eduardo Albo
Bagumbayan Norte Urban 2,991 Dodit Beltran
Bagumbayan Sur Urban 6,959 Jorge I. Salva Jr.
Balatas Urban 10,404 Pedro San Juan Jr.
Calauag Urban 11,513 Corazon Peñaflor
Cararayan Urban 15,998 Rodrigo B. Agravante Jr.
Carolina Urban 5,841 Alicia V. Saba
Concepcion Grande Urban 11,137 Leticia Punzalan
Concepcion Pequeña Urban 23,577 Andres Panis
Dayangdang Urban 4,568 Joshua Calleja
Del Rosario Urban 9,332 Gina Alcantara
Dinaga Urban 456 Gemma Joy Antonio
Igualdad Interior Urban 3,379 Domingo Alamer
Lerma Urban 2,337 Domingo Serrado
Liboton Urban 3,075 Salvadora Ortua
Mabolo Urban 7,611 Magno Reyes
Pacol Urban 11,673 Jose Mari Mercado
Panicuason Urban 2,715 Felipe Braga
Peñafrancia Urban 5,712 Jeffrey Moralde
Sabang Urban 7,000 Cyrus Caballero
San Felipe Urban 17,444 Alfonso Rodriguez
San Francisco Urban 947 Tomas Ramon Sanchez Jr.
San Isidro Urban 2,768 Veronica C. Panganiban
Santa Cruz Urban 7,442 Lorenzo D. Narvaez
Tabuco Urban 4,129 Marcelo R. Bagadiong
Tinago Urban 3,268 Jose Importante
Triangulo Urban 9,019 Raymund Arevalo

Climate[edit]

Under the Köppen climate classification system, Naga features a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification).

The weather in the city from March to May is hot and dry with temperature ranging from 24 to 34 °C (75 to 93 °F). From June to October is the typhoon season and it is generally rainy. From November to February, the climate is cooler with temperatures ranging from 22 to 28 °C (72 to 82 °F). The average year-round humidity is 77%.[40]

Climate data for Naga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.2
(86.4)
31.1
(88)
32.8
(91)
34.3
(93.7)
34.2
(93.6)
32.4
(90.3)
31.3
(88.3)
30.8
(87.4)
31.1
(88)
31.2
(88.2)
31.0
(87.8)
30.3
(86.5)
31.7
(89.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.6
(78.1)
26.1
(79)
27.6
(81.7)
29.1
(84.4)
29.5
(85.1)
28.4
(83.1)
27.7
(81.9)
27.4
(81.3)
27.6
(81.7)
27.3
(81.1)
26.9
(80.4)
26.0
(78.8)
27.4
(81.4)
Average low °C (°F) 20.9
(69.6)
21.1
(70)
22.5
(72.5)
24.0
(75.2)
24.8
(76.6)
24.4
(75.9)
24.1
(75.4)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
23.5
(74.3)
22.8
(73)
21.6
(70.9)
23.1
(73.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.3
(0.248)
3.3
(0.13)
7.1
(0.28)
9.3
(0.366)
100.4
(3.953)
272.7
(10.736)
341.2
(13.433)
398.3
(15.681)
326.0
(12.835)
230.0
(9.055)
120.4
(4.74)
48.8
(1.921)
1,863.8
(73.378)
Average rainy days 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 7.0 14.0 16.0 19.0 17.0 13.0 9.0 5.0 104
[citation needed]

History[edit]

Precolonial era[edit]

The region of Bicol was closely allied with the confederation called the Kedatuan of Madja-as (itself formed by Austronesian rebels against Rajah Makatunao in a civil war in Brunei), which was located in Panay island. According to the Maragtas, two Datus who followed Datu Puti (Minus the ones that opted to stay in Panay island) eventually arrived at Taal Lake and then split up, one group settling later around Laguna de Bay, and another group pushing southward into the Bicol Peninsula, making Bicolanos an intermediate group between people from Luzon and people from the Visayas. The discovery of an ancient tomb preserved among the Bicolanos refers to some of the same deities and personages mentioned in the Maragtas examined by anthropologists during the 1920s.[41]

Spanish colonial period[edit]

Depiction of the visit of Governor-General Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa to Nueva Caceres (present-day Naga City) in 1845.

In 1573, on his second expedition to this region, the conquistador Juan de Salcedo landed in a village and named it "Naga" because of the abundance of Narra trees ("Naga" in Bikol).

In 1575, Captain Pedro de Chávez, the commander of the garrison left behind by Salcedo, founded on the site of the present business centre (across the river from the original Naga) a Spanish city which he named La Ciudad de Cáceres, in honor of Francisco de Sande, the governor-general and a native of the city of Cáceres in Spain. It was still by this name that it was identified in the papal bull of August 14, 1595 that erected the See of Cáceres, together with those of Cebú and Nueva Segovia, and made it the seat of the new bishopric under the Archdiocese of Manila.

In time, the Spanish city and the native village merged into one community and became popularly known as Nueva Cáceres, to distinguish it from its namesake in Spain. It had a city government as prescribed by Spanish law, with an ayuntamiento and cabildo of its own. At the beginning of the 17th century, there were only five other ciudades in the Philippines. Nueva Cáceres remained the capital of the Ambos Camarines provinces and later of the Camarines Sur province until the formal creation of the independent chartered city of Naga under the Philippine Republic.

For hundreds of years during the Spanish colonial era, Naga grew to become the center of trade, education and culture, and the seat of ecclesiastical jurisdiction in Bicol.

American colonial period[edit]

With the advent of the American rule, the city was reduced to a municipality. In 1919, it lost its Spanish name and became officially known as Naga. It acquired its present city charter in 1948, and its city government was inaugurated on December 15 of the same year by virtue of Republic Act No. 305.[42]

World War II and Japanese Occupation[edit]

Naga came under Japanese occupation on December 18, 1941 following the Japanese invasion of Legaspi a few days earlier.[43]

In 1945, combined U.S. and Philippine Commonwealth troops under the United States Army, Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary has liberated the town municipality of Naga and aided by the Bicolano guerrilla resistance groups and defeated Imperial Japanese troops and ended in the Second World War.

Independent Philippines[edit]

After Naga was liberated from the Japanese, Naga began on rebuilding the town. With only a few casualties, Naga was able to rebuild quickly after the war. After many petitions, Naga became a city on June 18, 1948.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Naga
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 17,943—    
1918 9,396−4.22%
1939 22,505+4.25%
1948 56,238+10.71%
1960 55,506−0.11%
1970 79,846+3.70%
1975 83,337+0.86%
1980 90,712+1.71%
1990 115,329+2.43%
1995 126,972+1.82%
2000 137,810+1.77%
2007 160,516+2.13%
2010 174,931+3.18%
2015 196,003+2.19%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[9][44][45][46]

Religion[edit]

The Naga Metropolitan Cathedral

Roman Catholicism[edit]

The city is the ecclesiastical seat of the Archdiocese of Caceres which oversees the Catholic population in the Bicol Region. The city is also the seat of the Primate of the Bicol region. This dominant faith is supported by the presence of old and influential Catholic institutions, from universities to churches run by different religious institutes, notably the Ateneo de Naga University by the Jesuits; the Universidad de Sta. Isabel by the Daughters of Charity; the Naga Metropolitan Cathedral; which is the oldest cathedral that is still standing in Luzon outside Metro Manila, Peñafrancia Basilica Minore, which is the largest Catholic structure in Southern Luzon in terms of size and land area; Our Lady of Peñafrancia Shrine; the historic San Francisco Church; and Peñafrancia Museum.

Protestants and Evangelicals[edit]

The largest minority religion in Naga is Iglesia Ni Cristo (INC). INC has several chapels in different barangays in the city, and the local congregation of Naga is the largest and the biggest chapel in the district.

Other Christian organizations are present in the city. The Seventh-day Adventist and Bible Baptist whose churches are located along Magsaysay Avenue; while other Christians go to the Methodist Church which is among the old structures along Peñafrancia Avenue. There is also a medium concentration of Jesus Miracle Crusade in the City.

The Assemblies of God, maintains a fast growing ministry in Naga. Aside from Naga Bethel Temple now Naga Bethel Church which is located in Felix Plazo Street, the Assemblies of God has other local congregations serving in Barangays Sn. Felipe (Philippians Christian Fellowship), Carolina (Gethsemane Christian Ministries), and outreach ministries in other barangays.

Islam, Buddhism and other faiths[edit]

Muslims, Sikhs, and Taoists can also be found in the city.

Language[edit]

Coastal Bikol-Central dialect of Coastal Bikol language is the dominant dialect used by the population in Naga.[47] Central Standard is also the basis for other dialects in the Bicol Region.[48] Majority of the city's population can widely understand and speak English, Filipino, Tagalog. Because of the influx of people from Rinconada area that are studying in different universities, Rinconada Bikol language can also be heard in different schools and throughout the city. Some Nagueños have varying degree of profiency of Rinconada Bikol due to the fact that the southern half of Pili, which is the boundary of Rinconada Bikol speakers and Coastal Bikol speaking population is just few kilometers away from Naga. It is interesting to note that although the main language is Bikol and the medium of instruction in school is English, people in Naga usually tell time and count in Spanish.

Economy[edit]

The Central Business District

Naga is Bicol Region's center of commerce, and industry,[25] being the region's economic center. Naga is cited as one of the Most Business-Friendly Cities in Asia and is considered to be one of the Philippines Top 10 cities, being part of the 'Most Competitive City in the Philippines.[49][50] and Second most competitive city in Bicol. Some entrepreneurs cited the city as the most business-friendly in the Bicol region.[51]

Strategically located at the heart of Bicol, Naga is also the trade city in Bicol that is the embarkation point and resting point of goods from Visayas and Manila.

Business districts[edit]

Panganiban Drive

Downtown Naga is located in the southern part of the city. In the north, it boundaries on the Naga University Belt and boundaries to the south by the historical Naga City Peoples Mall or simply Naga City Community Supermarket. It surrounds the triplet plazas of Naga, The Plaza Quince Martires, The Plaza Quezon, and the main monument that is the center of the Central Business District 1, the Plaza Rizal. Downtown Naga is the location of local businesses that sells a few local delicacies and native products from neighboring municipalities and provinces.

A second business district is located along the Panganiban Drive, Roxas Avenue, and Ninoy and Cory Avenue. It is also the location of 3 shopping complexes, a bus terminal,[52] and the Camarines Sur Industrial and Technological Park which houses several Business Process Outsourcing Offices.[53]

South Riverfront Growth Area[edit]

South Riverfront is composed of the whole of Brgy. Sabang– except those areas which are socialized housing sites or are otherwise excluded by the Naga City Land Use Plan for commercial or industrial development. Aside from CBD-I, it is bounded by the Naga River and the town of Camaligan, Camarines Sur.[54]

Magsaysay District[edit]

The main road in the city is Magsaysay Avenue or Magsaysay Boulevard which starts from Bagumbayan Road (Naga-CalabangaSirumaGarchitorenaPartido North Road), connecting it to the Magsaysay District where accommodations and restaurants catering to travelers are found.[55] Businesses are open till late at night with some shops also open 24/7. Naga also has its share of fastfood restaurant chains. The city hall, provincial capitol and several provincial offices are also located in the district around the Peñafrancia Basilica.

Banking and finance[edit]

Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (Central Bank of the Philippines) Naga Office, handling Clearing house and Gold trade.

In 2017 the number of banks in the city is around 66 excluding Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas. The city hosts the Regional bank offices of Banco De Oro, Philippine National Bank, Development Bank of the Philippines, Metrobank, RCBC, Allied Bank, China Banking Corporation, Philtrust Bank, UnionBank of the Philippines, Philippine Veterans Bank, Asia United Bank, Maybank, Asia United Bank, Bank of Commerce, East West Bank, Bank of Makati, Bank of the Philippine Islands, and the Philippine Postal Savings Bank.

Shopping malls[edit]

SM City Naga is the most visited, and largest shopping mall in the Bicol Region. Nagaland E-Mall, another mall, is found in Downtown Naga. LCC Central Mall Naga is also located in Felix Plazo Street. There are two Puregold Malls in Naga. The Avenue Square is Bicol Region's first "lifestyle center" built in 2005 along Magsaysay Avenue. There are also leisure hubs in the city, and majority are constructed along Magsaysay Avenue, since it is the center of nightlife in the Bicol Region. Gaisano Mall Naga is near the Bicol Medical Center.

Business process outsourcing[edit]

Naga was cited as one of the best places to conduct BPO (business process outsourcing) business activities in the Philippines.[56] The city currently has three IT parks—the Naga City IT Park, the Camarines Sur Industrial and Technological Park, Naga City Technology Center.

IBM also constructed their own call center office in front of SM City Naga.[57]

Culture[edit]

Naga is considered to be Bicol's cultural center due to the largest festival in the region is held in the city, The Peñafrancia Festival.

Festivals[edit]

Fluvial Procession for Our Lady of Peñafrancia

The Peñafrancia Festival[edit]

The city celebrates the Feast of Nuestra Señora de Peñafrancia Our Lady of Peñafrancia, the Patroness of the Bicol Region starting second Friday of September each year. The start of the 10-day feast, the largest Marian devotions in the country, is signalled by a procession (called Traslacion) which transfers the centuries-old image of the Blessed Virgin Mary from its shrine at the Peñafrancia Basilica Minore to the 400-year-old Naga Metropolitan Cathedral. Coinciding with nine days of novena prayer at the cathedral, the city celebrates with parades, pageants, street parties, singing contests, exhibits, concerts, and other activities. Finally, on the third Saturday of September, the image is returned shoulder-borne by so-called voyadores to the Basilica Minore de Nuestra Señora de Peñafrancia via the historic Naga River. The next day, marks the feast day of the Our Lady of Peñafrancia, Pontifical High Masses are celebrated in the Basilica Minore, attended by hundreds of thousands of faithful devotees.

Kamundagan Festival[edit]

Naga celebrates the Kamundagan Festival every Christmas time. It begins with the lighting of the Christmas Village in the Plaza Quezon Grandstand.

Kinalas Festival[edit]

Naga celebrates Kinalas Festival during its yearly anniversary of Chartership or Cityhood. It honors the most famous local delicacies, the Kinalas, and Siling Labuyo, with it having a food contest.

Food and delicacies[edit]

Naga is known to have some native foods and delicacies.

Kinalas and log-log are noodle soup dishes served Bicol style, similar to mami except for a topping of what looked like a Pansit Palabok sauce, and the meaty dark soup made from boiling a cow or a pig's head until the flesh fell off. Kinalas/luglog, from the old Bicol word "kalas",[58][59] refers to the "fall off the bone" meat that is placed on top of the noodles. The soup is the broth of beef bone and bone marrow (sometimes skull and brain included) or what Manileños call "bulalo".[60] The soup is topped with very tender meat slices that also came from the pig's head. It is usually served hot with an egg, sprinkled with roasted garlic and spring onions. Kalamansi and patis may be added according to taste. Kinalas is usually paired with Baduya/Banana Cue or Camote Cue.

Other delicacies, such as, buko juice, nata de coco, and pan de Naga are found in the city.[61][62]

Sports[edit]

The Metro Naga Sports Complex in Barangay Pacol has Olympic-sized swimming pools, tennis courts and a track oval.[63] The Naga City Coliseum- Later renamed as Jesse M. Robredo Coliseum in honor of the late DILG Secretary and former mayor of Naga.

Isarog Agta Language[edit]

In 2010, UNESCO released its 3rd world volume of Endangered Languages in the World, where 3 critically endangered languages were in the Philippines. One of these languages in the Isarog Agta language which has an estimated speaker of 5 people in the year 2000. The language was classified as Critically Endangered, meaning the youngest speakers are grandparents and older, and they speak the language partially and infrequently and hardly pass the language to their children and grandchildren anymore. If the remaining 150 people do not pass their native language to the next generation of Isarog Agta people, their indigenous language will be extinct within a period of 1 to 2 decades.

The Isarog Agta people live within the circumference of Mount Isarog, though only 5 of them still know their indigenous language. They are one of the original Negrito settlers in the entire Philippines. They belong to the Aeta people classification, but have distinct language and belief systems unique to their own culture and heritage.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Philippine National Railways Naga Station

Airport[edit]

The city is served by the Naga Airport (WNP) located at Barangay San Jose in the neighboring town of Pili. It has a runway of 1,402 meters (4,600 ft). The airport is only capable of handling small aircraft.

Railways[edit]

Naga is the Regional head office and the Center point of the Philippine National Railway's Bicol Line.

Naga with adjacent towns and cities from Tagkawayan, Quezon Province to Ligao, Albay is served daily by Bicol Commuter's express. A plan has been expressed upon completion of the rehabilitation of the Line to Legazpi the Bicol Commuter's Express will be extended up to Legazpi in the near future.[64]

Road Network[edit]

Roads and Bridges[edit]

Naga's tota road network as of December 2009 is 185.02 kilometers (114.97 mi), of which 147.67 kilometers (91.76 mi) are now concreted; Template:Convlert are concreted with asphalt overlay, 4.10 kilometers (2.55 mi) are asphalted; 11.87 kilometers (7.38 mi) are gravel surfaced while 5.76 kilometers (3.58 mi) are still earth road/unsurfaced. This translates to an increase of 19.74 kilometers (12.27 mi)[65]

The city is connected to the capital Manila by the Quirino, Andaya, Maharlika highways.

Land Transportation[edit]

The common vehicles used for intra-city travel are Public-Utility Jeepneys, Trimobiles, and Padyaks.

Padyaks can be used in subdivision and barangay transportation. They provide medium amount of speed in terms of travelling to the city center. Trimobiles are most famous and most used land transport in the city. There are 1,500 units available for hire while 1,150 are for private use. There is now stiffer competition among drivers that create a wide range of problems such as fare overcharging, refusal to convey passengers, imbalance distribution of trimobile service resulting to a shortage of transport service in some areas of the city and rampant traffic violations.[66] Public utility jeepneys (PUJ) and multicabs are another major mode of intra-city transport used by regular commuters, a total of 323 units.

Inter-town trips are served by 403 Filcab vans and 708 jeepneys while inter-provincial trips are served by an average of 300 airconditioned and non-airconditioned buses and 88 Filcab vans.

Late last year, about 50 taxi units became available in the city. They use the sides of new SM Naga City as waiting area for passengers within and outside the city.[66]

Public Services[edit]

Health care[edit]

The Bicol Medical Center
AGO Foundation Hospital

Naga hosts the largest hospitals in the Bicol Region. The government owned Bicol Medical Center and the Universidad de Sta. Isabel – Mother Seton Hospital owned and operated by the Daughters of Charity, along with the government-owned Camarines Sur Provincial Hospital are considered to be the largest hospitals in the Bicol Region in size and accommodation. Naga also houses the only medical district in Bicol, The Metropolitan Naga Medical District. Naga is the Medical Center of Bicol.

Bicol Medical Center (BMC), the largest hospital in the Bicol Region, is located in Concepcion Pequeña, offers specialty training in Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, General Surgery, Obstetric and Gynecology, Anesthesiology, Radiology, Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology, Orthopedics and Traumatology, the only in Bicol. This is also the base hospital of the Helen Keller Foundation where eye specialists all over the country are trained and later assigned in different parts of the Philippines.[67]

Universidad de Sta. Isabel- Mother Seton Hospital (USI – MSH), is the biggest private hospital in the Bicol Region for the number of admissions, medical equipment facility, number of beds available, physical structure and number of board certified medical consultants. It is the only private hospital in Bicol offering specialty training programs accredited by the Philippine Medical Association's component society in major fields of Medicine, like in Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, and General Surgery.[68]

Camarines Sur Provincial Hospital another hospital in the Bicol Region. It was created and founded in 1989 through Republic Act 9963. This integrated hospital is one of the first-class hospitals in the Philippines.

The Plaza Medica houses the Naga Endocrine Laboratory (also called the Endolab), a modern specialty laboratory facility and hormone laboratory Naga.

Bicol Access Health Centrum is another big hospital located in the city. It houses the Regional Disease Research Center, the first and only in the Bicol Region.

Several secondary and tertiary hospitals can be found in the city.

Waste Management and Disposal[edit]

Solid Waste[edit]

The main pollutants in the city come in the form of solid waste generated daily. Generally, these wastes come from various sources: residential, commercial, industrial and institutional.

Naga generates approximately 85.8 tons of waste per year, based on the latest 2009 estimates, where agricultural waste makes up a little more than one-fourth (26%) of the total volume. Food wastes make up a slightly smaller share at 23%. Paper- based materials compose 12%, while the other material categories are spread out in smaller percentages.

Solid wastes are disposed of and collected via the city's garbage trucks which traverses ten routes on a daily basis. Collected wastes are then dumped at the Balatas Controlled Dump site where they are segregated according to type of wastes biodegradable and non-biodegradable.[69][70]

Liquid Waste[edit]

A study on wastewater treatment facility is incorporated in the proposed septage management ordinance where the city will be very strict in the compliance of proper waste treatment by housing and establishment owners. The Local Water Utilities Agency has identified the Metro Naga Water District as its local partner in providing septage services, in exchange for the collection of environmental fees in water bills.

The new wastewater treatment facility of SM City Naga, operational since April 20, 2009, has a capacity of 500 cu. meters per day but at present it is treating only around 200.[70]

Awards[edit]

The concern for the environment of the Naga City government was nationally and internationally recognized. In 1998 it received the Dubai International Award as one of the Top 10 World Best Practices in Improving the Living Environment, for Naga's Participatory Planning Initiatives. It received the 1995, 1998 and 1999 Cleanest "AA" Slaughterhouse Awards given by the Department of Agriculture (DA) and the National Meat Inspection Commission (NMIC). In 1994, Naga was a regional winner as the Cleanest and Greenest in Bicol. While in June 2001, LGU Naga City received the Saringgaya Award from the DENR for Distinguished Contributions in the Development of Environmental Programs in Region V.[71]

Fire Safety[edit]

The Naga City Fire Station is one of the most equipped fire stations in the country. Other fire stations include Naga Chin Po Tong Fire Brigade, and the Naga White Volunteer[72]

Police and Law Enforcement[edit]

The city is the location of two of the largest police stations in the Bicol Region. The historical Naga City Police Station, which had been the military base of operations of the Guardia Civil in the Bicol Region, during the time of the Spanish Regime in the Philippines.[73][74] Another police office located in the city is the provincial office of the Philippine National Police in Camarines Sur, located in Barangay Concepcion Grande.[75]

Education[edit]

Naga is the home of six largest universities in the Bicol Region. The city is also the home of several colleges.

Tertiary education[edit]

Ateneo de Naga University

Ateneo de Naga University is a Jesuit university and the largest Catholic university in the Bicol Region. The school is accredited with PAASCU since 1979. ADNU is the first university in the Philippines to achieve PAASCU Institutional Accreditation, on top of its Autonomous status and Level III status. It is a "center of excellence" in Teacher Education, and a center of development in Business Administration, Entrepreneurship, and Information Technology. It has produced animators in the country since it launched its bachelor's degree in Animation. The university is also the alma mater of the very first Bicolano Jesuit priest, Father Juan Bonafe, S.J.

Universidad de Santa Isabel is the oldest normal school for girls in Asia, inaugurated on April 12, 1869. It is a sectarian school run by the religious Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul Sisters.

University of Nueva Caceres

University of Nueva Caceres is the very first university south of Luzon, outside of Manila and is considered to be largest in the Bicol Region due to its population and size that offers courses from Kinder to Graduate levels. Founded by Dr. Jaime Hernandez in 1948, it has grown to become one of the leading institutions of higher learning in the Philippines. All course offerings are recognized by the government and the Colleges of Arts and Sciences, Education and Commerce are accredited by the Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities Commission on Accreditation (PACU-COA). Its College of Engineering and Architecture is now one of the few regional centers for technological education in the Philippines.[76]

Other colleges, such as Bicol State College of Applied Sciences and Technology, Naga College Foundation, AMA Computer University, and STI College can be found in the city.[77][78] Other specialized computer schools include Worldtech Resources Institute (WRI), Philippine Computer Foundation College (PCFC) and CCDI.

The oldest live-in Christian higher educational institute for the clergy in the country was established in the city in the early part of the 18th century. The Holy Rosary Seminary (El Seminario del Santissimo Rosario), a Roman Catholic seminary run by the Archdiocese of Caceres, has produced 22 bishops, including the first Filipino bishop, Jorge Barlin, and the first Filipino Cardinal to work in the Roman Curia, Jose Cardinal Sanchez. It has richly contributed as well to the national heritage through Jose Ma. Panganiban and Tomas Arejola and 7 of the 15 Bikol Martyrs. On January 29, 1988, the National Historical Institute declared the Holy Rosary Seminary as a National Historical Landmark.

Secondary education and lower[edit]

The government-run Camarines Sur National High School registers over 15,000 enrollees every school year and it is the biggest secondary school in the region. Naga City Science High School was established in Naga in 1994, it is considered to be one of the top-notch schools in the country. The school contains pilot curricula in Bicol Region, the Spanish curriculum, which is the third in the Philippines, and the journalism curriculum, which are incubation for students to receive training and exposure to college-related situations. The school is also a consistent champion at the Doon Po Sa Amin National Contest.[79] Two schools in the city, Saint Joseph School (SJS) and Naga Hope Christian School (NHCS), caters to Filipino-Chinese students.

The Naga Parochial School (NPS) is the largest Parochial school in the Bicol region receiving 850 enrollees yearly. It is run by priests of the Archdiocese of Caceres. It is the first PAASCU-accredited parochial school in the Philippines. Some members of the clergy (63 as of 2007 with 3 bishops) assigned to the city are alumni of the school. This is an exclusive Catholic school for boys with Most Rev. Rolando Joven Tria Tirona as chair of the Board Trustees. Well-known personalities such as the late Raul Roco, Jesse Robredo, Francis Garchitorena, Luis R. Villafuerte, Jaime Fabregas, Jonathan Dela Paz Zaens, Archbishop Tito Yllana, Bishop Jose Rojas are graduates of NPS.

Private schools, such as Arborvitae Plains Montessori, Inc., Naga City Montessori School, The Village Montessori School can be found in the city. Tutorial and review centers for higher education are also found in the city.

Media[edit]

Television networks[edit]

ABS-CBN Corporation had expanded its network in Bicol by establishing ABS-CBN Naga which operates ABS-CBN channel 11 Naga, ABS-CBN Sports and Action Naga and MOR!. Local shows such as TV Patrol Bicol, Marhay na Aga Kapamilya MAG TV Na, Oragon! and Agri Tayo Dito aired in the whole region via ABS-CBN Regional Network Group which is also stationed in the city. TV5 Network Inc.'s TV5 airs shows via channel 22 also through its affiliate station People's Broadcasting Network (PBN TV 5 Naga) but there are plans to establish its own regional station in the city. GMA Network's channel 7 (including 24 Oras Bikol) and GMA News TV channel 28 is also available. All of the major television broadcasting channels' regional offices are located in the city.

Radio stations[edit]

Naga has a good number of FM and AM radio stations of in the region, some of which operate 24 hours daily. The city's cable and satellite TV companies include Naga Cable TV, Caceres Cable TV and SkyCable.

Notable people from Naga[edit]

  • Johhny Abarrientos – a Philippine basketball player who played in the PBA from 1993 to 2010. He is currently serving as coach to the team BMeg Llamados[80]
  • Joker Arroyo[81] – is a statesman and key figure in the EDSA People Power Revolution which evicted then President Ferdinand Marcos and his family from office. He also served as Congressman of Makati for 9 years, and a member of the Senate for 12 years. Arroyo has received various awards and commendations for his significant contributions to the law profession and public service. Among these are the Philippine Bar Association's Most Distinguished Award for Justice as a "man beholden to no one except to his country" and a Senate Resolution No. 100 enacted in the 8th Congress commending him for his invaluable services to the Filipino people.[82][83][84]
  • Wally Bayola - is a Filipino comedian, actor and TV host of Eat Bulaga!
  • Enchong Dee – whose real name is Ernest Lorenzo Velasquez Dee, is an actor, director and model, and an international competitive swimmer. He is a contract artist of ABS-CBN and has won numerous awards for his work in movies and television. He is the younger brother of AJ Dee, also an actor and swimmer. He came to prominence after starring in his first major TV drama Katorse (2009). He played the role of "Luis" in the Filipino remake Maria La Del Barrio (2011). He also starred in Ina, Kapatid, Anak (2012–13), and Muling Buksan Ang Puso.
  • Jesse Robredo – is a Filipino statesman and then Mayor of Naga. Robredo was able to transform Naga from being dull and lethargic to being one of the "Most Improved Cities in Asia", as cited by Asiaweek Magazine in 1999. During his time in city hall, Robredo was credited for "dramatically improved stakeholdership and people participation in governance, in the process restoring Naga to its preeminent position as the premier city of Bicol Region." In 1995, in recognition of his skills and competence as a leader and development manager, Robredo was elected President of the League of Cities of the Philippines, the national association of city mayors. Robredo also chairs the Metro Naga Development Council." He served as chairman of the Regional Development Council, the regional planning and coordinative body of Bicol's six provinces and seven cities, from 1992 to 1998.
  • Leni Robredo – wife of Jesse Robredo, Congresswoman of Third District of Camarines Sur (2013–16) and the incumbent Vice President of the Philippines.
  • Raul Roco – was a political figure in the Philippines. He was the standard-bearer of Aksyon Demokratiko, which he founded in 1997 as a vehicle for his presidential bids in 1998 and 2004. He was a then Senator and the Secretary of the Department of Education under the presidency of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. He had a strong following among young voters in the Philippines, due to his efforts to promote honesty and good governance.
  • AJ Dee – whose real name is Angel James Dee III, is an actor and an international competitive swimmer, like his younger brother Enchong Dee.
  • Ely Buendia – whose real name is Eleandre Basiño Buendia. He is a Filipino singer, frontman of Eraserheads and Pupil
  • Jose Fabian Cadiz – Filipino politician and Vice Mayor of Marikina City.
  • Kyline Alcantara - Filipina actress
  • Arnold Clavio - Philippine Most News Anchor

Image gallery[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]