In the han system, Nagaoka was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields. In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area. This was different from the feudalism of the West.
The domain was ruled by the Makino clan for most of its history. It was also the center of some of the fiercest fighting of the Boshin War, during the summer of 1868. Nagaoka joined the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei during the war, and fought against the imperial army. Kawai Tsugunosuke and Yamamoto Tatewaki were two senior Nagaoka commanders during the war.
Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku was the son of a Nagaoka samurai.
List of daimyo
The hereditary daimyo were head of the clan and head of the domain.
- "Echigo Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-4-8.
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
- Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Makino" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 29; retrieved 2013-4-8.
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