Location of Nagaon district in Assam
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Batadrowa gave birth to the Vaishnavite reformer Sankardeva, who brought about a Renaissance in Assamese society. Located in Assam's heartland, Nagaon lies at the center of northeast India. The district dates to 1833. Its British administrators jocularly described Nagaon as a district of 3 C’s; namely: Chickens, Children and Cases.
The region was called Khagarijan in older records.
On 15 August 2015, Hojai district was formed out of Nagaon.
Agriculture is the backbone of the district and of Assam state. Rice is the principal crop and is the staple food. Fisheries are another major economy of Nagaon.
Many Namghars and associated templates are in Nagaon. These include the Bharali Namghar, which is situated in Hatbar and Borduwa Namghar. This namghar is situated in Nagaon Sattra, where Mahapurush Sankardev was born. Saubhagya Madhav, Dulal Madhav and Gopal Madhav are temples built during the reign of the Ahom King Shiba Singha.
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- This is the birthplace of Mahapurush Srimanta Sankardeva, the artist, author, founder of Vaishnavism religion and dramatist. The two Sattras are Narowa Sattra and Salaguri Sattras. The mini Museum is there in Narowa Sattras.
- Town that was the headquarters of Barphukans during the Ahom kingdom. It was the scene of several battles against Muslim invaders.
- Silghat is a river port lying on the South bank of the Brahmaputra. Pre-communication links of Central Assam across the Brahmaputra traverse this port town. Silghat hosts the Assam Co-operative Jute Mill and several temples.
- Raha was an important Chowki during the Ahom kingdom. It became a trade centre for agricultural products such as paddy, jute and mustard. The Fishery Training College is there.
- The Kamakhya Temple is in Silghat. The Ashok Astami Melas held every year nearby. (This is not the Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati.)
- Battleground between British and Assamese.
Kaziaranga National Park
In 1974 Kaziranga National Park was established. It has an area of 175 km2 (67.6 sq mi). It shares the park with Golaghat district. It is also home to the Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary. It covers an area of 70.13 km². Its main attraction is the great Indian one-horned rhinoceros. Other animals include tigers, leopards, Asiatic buffalo, wild boar, civet cats, leopard cats and hog deer. Various species of birds and reptiles are also found there.