Nagar, Pakistan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
District Nagar
ضلع نگر
Hunza valley.jpg
Nagar is located in Gilgit Baltistan
Nagar
Nagar
Nagar is located in Pakistan
Nagar
Nagar
Coordinates: 35°14′N 73°29′E / 35.24°N 73.48°E / 35.24; 73.48Coordinates: 35°14′N 73°29′E / 35.24°N 73.48°E / 35.24; 73.48
Country  Pakistan
Autonomous state Gilgit–Baltistan
Elevation 2,688 m (8,819 ft)
Time zone UTC+5 (PST)

Nagar (Urdu:نگر) (formerly State of Nagar) is a district with namesake town as district's headquarter, in northmost autonomous territory of Gilgit–Baltistan. It was created in 2015 by subdividing the Hunza-Nagar District.

It is located at 35°24'0N 73°48'0E with an altitude of 2688 metres (8822 feet).[1]

Today, the famous Karakoram Highway crosses Nagar, connecting Pakistan to China via the Khunjerab Pass. The road follows the Hunza-Nagar River for some distance through Nagar and into the hunza region.

Location[edit]

Nagar Valley in spring.
The Sumayar valley in Nagar.

The Nagar valley previously known as Broshal is situated at an elevation of 2,438m (7,999 feet). Nagar Khas is the main town and the capital of the former State of Nagar. Ghulmet, Minapin, BAR, Chaprote and Hopper Valleys are popular tourist attractions in the Nagar region because of the spectacular scenery of the surrounding and the most intimidating high mountain peaks on earth such as Rakaposhi at 7,788m (25,561 feet), and Diran, and Spantik peak also known as (Golden peak) and several others to be discovered. Nagar is a district with namesake town as districts headquarters, in the north most autonomous territory of Gilgit–Baltistan. It was created in 2015 by subdividing the Hunza-Nagar District. It is located at 35°24'0N 73°48'0E with an altitude of 2688 meter (8822 feet). Today, the famous Karakoram Highway crosses Nagar, connecting Pakistan to China via the Khunjerab Pass. The road follows the Hunza-Nagar River for some distance through Nagar and into the Hunza region. The local languages spoken include Burushaski and Shina. The literacy rate of the Hunza valley is believed to be more than 65%.

The total population of Hunza is approximately one lac people, the Male ratio is 50,000 and female ratio is 65000. The total households (families) are 22,000. Villages of Nagar Shina Speaking Villages in Nagar (Shinaki):Chalat (Paaeen/baala), Bar Valley, Chaprote Valley, Budalas valley, Jafarabad Valley, Nilt Valley, Thol Valley, Masot Valley, Ghulmet Valley, Pissan Valley, Minapin Valley Burushaski Speaking Villages in Nagar Nagar Khas Valley, Sikandar Abad, Miachar Valley, Dadimal Valley, Phakker Valley, Hakuchar Valley, Shayar Valley, Askurdas Valley, Sumayar Valley, Hoper Valley, Hisper Valley Bilingual Valleys in Nagar Chalt Paeen, Valley, Akbarabad Valley, Jafarabad Valley, Ghulmet Valley. Pissan Valley and Minapin Valley The main income of source is mostly Agriculture practices, Horticulture, livestock’s, Business, Mining and tourism. Water resources are highly rich. The main income of source is mostly Agriculture practices, Horticulture, livestock’s, Business, Mining and tourism. This valley provide habitat for Snow leopard, fox, Chakor, different birds and Himalayan Ibex in Nagar. The terrain of Nagar is extremely mountainous, which provided a certain degree of protection against invading forces. The highest mountain is the 7,788 m (25,551 ft) Mount Rakaposhi, south of the town of Nagar. The Karakoram Highway crosses Nagar, connecting Pakistan with China via the Khunjerab Pass. The road follows the Hunza river for some distance through Nagar and into the Hunza region. According to local languages Nagar Valley divided into two parts. Nagar Shinaki and Nagar Burosho. The climate of Valley remains pleasant from mid-April to the end of September. The maximum temperature in summer during the day is 18°C. The weather becomes very cold during the winter, mainly from October to end of March. The minimum temperature can be -14°C.

History[edit]

Following the Hunza-Nagar Campaign of 1889–1892 (known locally as the Anglo-Burusho war) the area passed under British control and then as a vassal of the Kashmir Durbar, but was ruled by the same royal family. In 1974, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto dissolved the Princely States of Nagar and Hunza and gave democratic representation to the Northern Areas Council, now known as the Northern Areas Legislative Council.The British wanted to expand their trade to Russia from here, but the states wouldn’t allow them to.

Reign Mirs of Nagar[2]
Unknown dates Fadl Khan
Unknown dates Daud Khan
Unknown dates Ali Dad Khan (1st time)
Unknown dates Hari Tham Khan
Unknown dates Ali Dad Khan (2nd time)
Unknown dates Kamal Khan
Unknown dates Rahim Khan I
Unknown date – 1839 Rahim Khan II
1839–1891 Jafar Zahid Khan (1st time)
1891–1892 Raja Azur Khan (acting)
1892–1904 Jafar Zahid Khan (2nd time)
1905 – 17 March 1940 Raja Mir Iskandar Khan
17 March 1940 – 25 September 1974 Shaukat Ali Khan (1930–1976)
25 September 1974 State of Nagar dissolved
After Nagar State dissolved in 1974 Elected Representatives of Nagar in Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative Council
1975– Syed Yahya Shah
1980– Mir Shaukat Ali Khan
1985– Qurban Ali
1997– Mir Shaukat Ali Khan-Nagar-1, Sheikh Ghulam Haider-Nagar-2,
2000– Qurban Ali-Nagar-1, Sheikh Ghulam Haider-Nagar-2
2005– Mirza Hussain-Nagar-1, Muhammad Ali Akhtar-Nagar-2
2009– Mirza Hussain-Nagar-1, Muhammad Ali Akhtar-Nagar-2
2015– Rizwan Ali-Nagar-1, Muhammad Ali Haider-Nagar-2
2017– Javed Hussain-Nagar-2 (by-elections July 2017)[3]

Royal titles and styles[edit]

The name for the ruler in Nagar was Thum (تھم) in Brushaski and (Ra-را) in Shina language, which is also a respectful appellation used by people of both Hunza and Nagar who belong to the clan of Boorish. The titles for prince and princess and the styles of Highness and Royal Highness for members of the Royal Family are still used here. In Hunza and Nagar Royal family men are called Gushpoor (گشپور) and Royal family women are titled as Soni (سونی).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Location of Nagar - Falling Rain Genomics
  2. ^ Ben Cahoon, WorldStatesmen.org. "Pakistan Princely States". Retrieved 2007-10-03.
  3. ^ http://pamirtimes.net/2017/07/09/ppps-javed-hussain-claims-victory-in-nagar-by-elections/

Further reading[edit]

  • Leitner, G. W. (1893): Dardistan in 1866, 1886 and 1893: Being An Account of the History, Religions, Customs, Legends, Fables and Songs of Gilgit, Chilas, Kandia (Gabrial) Yasin, Chitral, Hunza, Nagyr and other parts of the Hindukush, as also a supplement to the second edition of The Hunza and Nagyr Handbook. And An Epitome of Part III of the author’s “The Languages and Races of Dardistan.” First Reprint 1978. Manjusri Publishing House, New Delhi.
  • Where three Empires meet by E.F.Night.
  • Buroshall Say Nagar Tak ka Safar by Mohammad Ismail Tehseen.
  • Brushaal Ke Qabail by Syed Yahya Shah
  • Rakaposhi Nagar (راکاپوشی نگر) (Travelogue, 2015) by Mustansar_Hussain_Tarar