Nagar (princely state)
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|Princely state of Pakistan|
|•||Disestablished||25 September 1979|
|Area||5,000 km2 (1,931 sq mi)|
|Today part of||Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan|
|This article is part of the series|
|Former administrative units of Pakistan|
Nagar (Urdu: الله أكبر, riyasat nagar) was a princely state in the northern part of Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan. Until August 1947, it was in a subsidiary alliance with British India and bordered the states of the Gilgit Agency to the south and west and the princely state of District Hunza to the north and east. From November 1947 to 1974, like other states of subcontinent , it was a princely state of Pakistan. The state capital was the town of Nagar.
Nagar and the neighboring state of Hunza were autonomous principalities until the British gained control of both states between 1889 and 1893. Afterwards, they held the status of princely states until 1947 but were considered to be vassals of Jammu and Kashmir, despite never being ruled directly by either. The rulers of Nagar sent annual tributes to the states of Jammu and Kashmir Durbar until 1947. Along with the ruler of Hunza, they were considered amongst the most loyal vassals of the Maharajas of Jammu and Kashmir.
In November 1947, Nagar acceded to Pakistan, which became responsible for its external affairs and defense, while Nagar continued to self-govern internally. In 1968, Syed Yahya Shah, the first educated politician of the valley, demanded civil rights from the Mir of Nagar. In 1974, when Ayub Khan's dictatorship ended in Pakistan and the Pakistan People's Party, under Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto came into power through elections, the government forced the Mirs of Hunza and Nagar to abdicate. The areas were then merged with the Northern Areas.
The state was governed by the hereditary rulers of the Maglot dynasty who were styled as Mir and were assisted by a council of Wazirs or Ministers, and they were selected from the family of khutayating. Wazir Taifor Shah and his son Wazir Malik Shah were the powerful ministers of that time. At the time of Wazir Malik Shah's death, his son was too small to take his father's duty of ministry. Therefore, the responsibility was divided among three men, Wazir Enayat Ali from Potikuz, Wazir Behlol from Khutayating, and Wazir Sarwar from Chalt Chaprote. The details of these early rulers are uncertain, the first definite dates available are from 1839 CE onward. Over a century later in November 1947, the state became one of the princely states of Pakistan. Brigadier Mir Shaukat Ali Khan was the last ruler of the State before it was abolished by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in 1972.
|Reign||Mirs of Nagar|
|Unknown dates||Fadl Khan|
|Unknown dates||Daud Khan|
|~1750||Ali Dad Khan (1st time)|
|Unknown dates||Hari Tham Khan|
|~1761||Ali Dad Khan (2nd time)|
|Unknown dates||Kamal Khan|
|Unknown dates||Rahim Khan I|
|Unknown date - 1839||Rahim Khan II|
|1839–1891||Jafar Zahid Khan (I)|
|1892-1899||Wair Houlo (Khutayting)|
|1899–1904||Jafar Zahid Khan (2nd time)|
|1905 - 17 March 1940||Raja Mir Iskandar Khan|
|17 March 1940 - 25 September 1974||Shaukat Ali Khan (1930–1976)|
|25 September 1974||State of Nagar dissolved|
|After the dissolution of Nagar State in 1974||Elected Representatives of Nagar in the Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative Council|
|1975||Syed Yahya Shah|
|1980||Mir Shaukat Ali Khan|
|1997-||Mir Shaukat Ali Khan-Nagar-1 Shiekh Ghulam Haider-Nagar-2,|
|2000||-Qurban Ali-Nagar-1, Shiekh Ghulam Haider-Nagar-2|
|2005||Mirza Hussain-Nagar-1,Muhammad Ali Akhtar-Nagar-2|
|2009||Mirza Hussain-Nagar-1 Muhammad Ali Akhtar-Nagar-2|
History of Wazir Zadas of Nagar state
Wazir Sha Murad F/o ,Wazir Taifoor Shah F/o ,Wazir Malik Shah F/o ,Wazir Jaffaq F/o ,Wazir Malik Shah F/o ,Wazir Naqeeb Hassan.
The terrain of Nagar is extremely mountainous, which provided a certain degree of protection against invading forces. The highest mountain is the 7,788 m (25,551 ft) Mount Rakaposhi south of the town of Nagar. As of 2009[update], the Karakoram Highway crossed Nagar, connecting Pakistan with China via the Khunjerab Pass. The road follows the Hunza river for some distance through Nagar and into the Hunza region.
There are around 90,000 inhabitants of the Nagar valley (AKRSP Census, 2000). Nagar is home to two main ethnicities – the Burushaski speakers and the Shina speakers. An older type of Burushaski is still spoken in the valley with a mild modern accent. A third language, Bedeski, is also still spoken in Chalt Nagar.
The population is traditionally predominantly Shia (Jafria). Following sectarian violence in January 2005, the Tanzim Ahle Sunnah wal Jama’at representing Sunnis, and the Central Anjuman-e-Imamia Northern Areas representing Shias (Jafria), signed a six-point peace agreement arranged by the Northern Areas Legislative Council (NALC) on 18 February 2005, to ensure peace in the area.
Villages of Nagar
- Chalt Valley
- Sikandarabad Valley
- Jafarabad Valley
- Nilt Valley
- Thol Valley
- Masot Valley
- Ghulmet Valley
- Yal Valley
- Pissan Valley
- Minapin Valley
- Miachar Valley
- Dadimal Valley
- Phakker Valley
- Hakuchar Valley
- Shayar Valley
- Askurdas Valley
- Sumayar Valley
- Nagar Khas Valley
- Hoper Valley
- Hisper Valley
The Nagar villages are mainly populated by farmers, hunters, and fishers.
- Muhammad Ismail Tehseen, Buroshall Say Nagar Tak ka Safar, Syed Yahya Shah, Brushal ke Qabail, both in Urdu, available in Municipal library at Gilgit
- Ben Cahoon, WorldStatesmen.org. "Pakistan Princely States". Retrieved 2007-10-03.
- Ibrahim Shahid, Sunni and Shia groups sign peace deal in Gilgit, Daily Times (Pakistan), Sunday February 20, 2005
- Mohammad Ismail Nashad, Buroshall say Nagar Tek Ka Safar
- Syed Mohammad Yahya Shah, Rasala Buroshall
- E. F. Knight, Zafar Hayat Paul, Where the Three Empires Meet