Nagar Brahmin

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Nagar Brahmin
Nagar Brahmins (9969683734).jpg
Nagar Brahmins in western India (c. 1855-1862)
LanguagesGujarati, Malvi, Hindi, English
Populated statesGujarat, Rajasthan
RegionMalwa, Mumbai, Kolkata

The Nagar Brahmins are a social caste found primarily in Gujarat, but also in Rajasthan, Malwa and in states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar even as far as Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh in the north, West Bengal in the east and Karnataka in the south.


The oldest account of the Nagars is given in the Nagara Khanda, a part of the Skanda Purana[1] a Hindu religious text.

Nagar princes[edit]

A few Nagar families became chieftains of (minor) princely states, notably in two in Gujarati peninsula Kathiawar's Sorath prant : Kuba State and Vasavad.[citation needed]

Social Status[edit]

D.L.Sheth, the former director of the Center for the Study of Developing Societies in India(CSDS), lists Indian upper castes that constituted the middle class and were traditionally "urban and professional" (following professions like doctors, lawyers, teachers, engineers, etc.) immediately after Independence in 1947. This list included the Nagar Brahmins from Gujarat; the South Indian Brahmins; the Punjabi Khatris, Kashmiri Pandits and Kayasthas from northern India; Chitpawans and CKPs(Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhus) from Maharashtra; the Probasi and the Bhadralok Bengalis; the Parsis and the upper crusts of Muslim and Christian communities. According to P.K.Verma, "Education was a common thread that bound together this pan Indian elite" and almost all the members of these communities could read and write English and were educated beyond school.[2][3][4]


  1. ^ Research in Sociology: Abstracts of M.A. and Ph. D. Dissertations Completed in the Department of Sociology, University of Bombay, Concept Publishing Company, 1989, p. 100
  2. ^ Pavan K. Varma (2007). The Great Indian Middle class. Penguin Books. p. 28. ISBN 9780143103257. ...its main adherents came from those in government service, qualified professionals such as doctors,engineers and lawyers,business entrepreneurs,teachers in schools in the bigger cities and in the institutes of higher education, journalists[etc]...The upper castes dominated the Indian middle class. Prominent among its members were Punjabi Khatris, Kashmiri Pandits and South Indian brahmins. Then there were the 'traditional urban-oriented professional castes such as the Nagars of Gujarat, the Chitpawans and the Ckps (Chandrasenya Kayastha Prabhus)s of Maharashtra and the Kayasthas of North India. Also included were the old elite groups that emerged during the colonial rule: the Probasi and the Bhadralok Bengalis, the Parsis and the upper crusts of Muslim and Christian communities. Education was a common thread that bound together this pan Indian elite...But almost all its members spoke and wrote English and had had some education beyond school
  3. ^ "Social Action, Volume 50". Indian Social Institute. 2000: 72.
  4. ^ "D.L. Sheth".

External links[edit]