Nagarparkar City view from the Karoonjhar Mountains
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Nagarparkar (Urdu: نگرپاركر, Sindhi: ننگرپارڪر), is a town in at the base of the Karoonjhar Mountains in Tharparkar District in Sindh province of Pakistan that is known for the Nagarparkar Temples - a pilgrimage site for Hindus and Jains. Located at a distance of 129 km from Mithi, in Sindh, Pakistan.
The town name comes from the original word Nangar Parkar. It is at the foot of the Karoonjhar Hills. It is situated at a distance of about 16 km from south and about 23 from east from the Indian border. At one time the area was under the sea, which had to be crossed; the name "Parkar" means "to cross over". Nagarparkar has Taluka Chachro on its north, and on its west is Taluka Mithi of Tharparkar District, while on east of it lies Barmer (Rajasthan) and on its south is Rann Kachchh. The area surrounding the city is a rocky belt called Parkar, and the remaining part is a sandy area.
The Karoonjhar hills surround Nagarparkar for 16 miles. The granite stone of this mountain is used for making tiles. There is a saying that the Karoonjhar hills provide 1-1/4 kilos of gold every day in the form of red granite stone, china clay, and honey. In summer, different sounds are audible from the rock due to sulphur deposits.
The region once had a significant Jain population. Shri Gaudi Parshvanth Stavan describes the Parkar country as the most glorious of all regions of India. The remains of a number of Jain temples are popular tourist attractions and heritage sites in the region.
Durga Mata temple
Durga Mata temple, on Churrio Jabal hill in Choryo village, is one of the two hindu temples in this place. On Shivratri 200,000 pilgrims visit the temples. Hindus cremate the dead and ashes are preserved till Shivratri for immersion in the into holy water. Richer Pakistani Hindus go to India to immerse the ashes in Ganges and the rest visit Nagarparkar to immerse the ashes. This area has been leased by the government for the mining by dynamite blasting of the hills on which the temples are located. This is posing a threat to the temples. Angry pilgrims held a protest against the destruction of this hindu holy area by the miners with the complicity of the authorities who remain tight lipped about the destruction of Hindu holy sites.
The population of the taluka is 153,106, out of which 90,893 are Hindus and 62,213 are Muslims. There is one rest house beneath the Karoonjhar Mountain, but it partially collapsed during the 2001 Gujarat earthquake. The town is an ancient place of Hindu worship. Sardharo, Anchlesar, and Jain temples are situated there.
Nagarparkar usually get rains from Monsoon System during June to September (by BOB Lows & Depressions). Average Annual Rainfall of Nagarparkar = 358 mm
990 mm was recorded in year 2011 during July to September (which was highest rainfall during 21st Century)
Highest All Time Annual Rainfall of Nagarparkar = 1089 mm in 1893 (Umair Dero)
Lowest All Time Annual Rainfall of Nagarparkar = 17 mm in 1899 (Umair Dero)
Average Monthly Rainfall (mm) of Nagarparkar (Listed Below) -
January --- 1.3
February --- 1.7
March --- 1.1
April --- 1.9
May --- 3.0
June --- 29.0
July --- 147.5
August --- 102.5
September --- 60.8
October --- 5.2
November --- 3.1
December --- 0.9
Total --- 358.0 mm
--- CLIMATIC CONDITIONS ---
Nagarparkar is usually hot during Summer when temperatures varies from 40°C to 45°C
In Winters, the weather is usually cool with temperatures between 5°C to 15°C
- Nagarparkar travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Shri Gaudi Parshvanth Stavan, Bhanvarlal Nahta, Shri Gaudi Parchvanath Tirth, Muni Jinavijaya Abhinandan Granth, Ed. Dalsukh Malvania, Jinavijayaji Samman Samiti, Jaipur, 1971, p. 263-275
- Vanishing temples of Thar and Nagar Parkar, Ameer Hamza, Dawn, October 21, 2006 http://archives.dawn.com/weekly/gallery/archive/061021/gallery3.htm
- Contractor blasting through Tharparkar temple in search of granite , The Express Tribune, 10 Mar 2011.