Nagasaki University was established in 1949 by incorporating several national institutions, namely, Nagasaki Medical College (including College Hospital and College of Pharmaceutical Sciences), Nagasaki College of Economics, Nagasaki Normal School, Nagasaki Youth Normal School and Nagasaki High School.
The new main campus (Bunkyo Campus) was formerly a plant site of Mitsubishi Arms Factory (Ohashi Plant).
Nagasaki Medical College
The oldest of the predecessors was Nagasaki Medical College. It was founded in November 1857 as Medical Training Institute (医学伝習所 Igaku denshūsho) by the branch office of Tokugawa Shogunate. The first professor was J. L. C. Pompe van Meerdervoort, and the institute was one of the first western-style (not Kampō) medical schools in Japan. In 1861 the hospital was founded, and after Meiji Restoration the school became a public (prefectural, later national) medical school. It was developed into Nagasaki Vocational School of Medicine (長崎医学専門学校 Nagasaki igaku senmon gakkō) in 1901, then into Nagasaki Medical College (長崎医科大学 Nagasaki ika daigaku) in 1923.
After Japan participated in the Pacific War, the medical college added several institutes for the war, such as Temporary College of Medicine (1940) and East Asia Research Institute of Endemics (1942, Institute of Tropical Medicine today). On August 9, 1945 the college was heavily damaged by the atomic bomb, because it was located only 500 to 700 meters away from the hypocenter. Over 800 professors, students and medical workers were killed. The college was moved to Omura in September 1945, and then to Isahaya in 1946. The old campus (Sakamoto Campus) was restored later in 1950, after the college was integrated into Nagasaki University.
Nagasaki College of Economics
Another notable predecessor was Nagasaki College of Economics. It was founded in March 1905 as Nagasaki Higher Commercial School (長崎高等商業学校 Nagasaki kōtō shōgyō gakkō). It was the fourth national commercial college in Japan, after Tokyo (1887), Kobe (1902) and Yamaguchi (February 1905), and aimed at educating students so that they could engage in business with China, Korea and Southeast Asia. In 1917 it added the Advanced Course for Trade (one-year course), and the building for the course was built in 1919 (Keirin Hall today).
In 1944 it was renamed Nagasaki College of Economics (長崎経済専門学校 Nagasaki keizai senmon gakkō). On August 9, 1945 although Nagasaki underwent the atomic bombing, the college buildings were protected by Mt. Kompira. Its campus (Katafuchi Campus) has been used by the Faculty of Economics, Nagasaki University.
- Bunkyo Campus
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
- Faculty of Engineering
- Faculty of Environmental Studies
- Faculty of Fisheries
- Sakamoto Campus
- School of Medicine
- School of Dentistry
- Katafuchi Campus
- Faculty of Economics
- Graduate School of Education (Master's courses only)
- Graduate School of Economics
- Graduate School of Science and Technology
- Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
- Graduate School of International Health Development (Master's courses only)
- Institute of Tropical Medicine
- Atomic Bomb Disease Institute, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
- Takashi Nagai, physician specializing in radiology, an A-bomb victim.
- Osamu Shimomura,organic chemist and marine biologist, awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2008 for his discovery and development of green fluorescent protein (GFP) with two other American chemists.
- "Nagasaki University: Organization/Historical Sketch" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-05-16.
- "Nagasaki University: Physical Damages caused by the Nagasaki Atomic Bombing". Archived from the original on August 30, 2007. Retrieved 2009-05-16.
- Tohoku University insists that Sendai han school (Tohoku University today) started the first western medical education in 1822. See http://www.med.tohoku.ac.jp/english/history/index.html
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