Naghar (Pashtun tribe)

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For the Indian village, see Kakar.


Naghar, Kakar, Pani(Balail Zai), Devi and Babi were real brothers. All tribes are present in Baluchistan(Pakistan) and Afghanistan. The Naghar tribe were camel and horse breeders entered in India with Bahlol Lodi's army around 1451(chapter 9) [1] and remained in glory as long as Lodi ruled [2]. That's why the population of Naghar and Pani is less as compared to other Afghan tribes in Baluchistan and Afghanistan. When Afghan Lodi was defeated by Mughals, the Naghar started selling horses/camels. Later on they settled in different places of India, like Gurani in District Rothak, Rajestan and Hyderabad. Naghar had six sons, their names were Ans, Trik, Parman, Abdul Rahman, Damsan and Saleh according to Pushtu historians. These tribes are present in Dist: Zhob of Baluchistan in Pakistan and Afghanistan with mother tongue as Pushto. One can find these Afghan tribes in kho-e-sulaman too. Naghar's are living in village name Kohi near Musakhail bazaar. According to some Naghar had 12 sons. In Zhob Blochistan Naghar's are also known as Sheikh (in pushto sheikh means an honest and religious). One can find Ans Trik, damsan, Parman, Abdulrahman and Selha tribes in kochi's (Afghan tribes move with animals between Pakistan and Afghanistan) these tribes are on the names of Naghar's sons. These tribes are also present in Punjab province District Layyah of Pakistan in good number as Layyah is approximately 40 km aerial distance from Musakhail Blochistan.

An Australian camel belongs to this tribe. They purchased it from Musakhel. Still one can find a Naghar man with 40 camels in the Sulaman mountains near Musakhail. With the passage of time, the demand of animals is decreasing.

According to a glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North -West Volume 1 by H.A Rose, IBBETSON, Maclagon. Naghar is a branch to Lodi Pathan dynasty whose name is said to have been given them on account of their rapacity, nahar means tiger. Little is known about this Afghan tribe once they held all the hill country from Nigaha or Sakhi Sarwar pass in Dera Ghazi Khan to the south, comprising the southern part of the koh-i-siyah or Sulaiman Mountains where it turned to the west and is much mixed up with the lower ranges of the KOH-i- Surkh or red range.

At thr height of their prosperity the Naghar's spread east and south into the plains of Indus valley and they are said to have once held the tracts rounds Harrand, Siw Sitpur and kin kot near the river. As some of them are still found as hamsayas of the Kasi Khetrans and few among the Dumra Kakars, of all their tribes appear to have preserved their names.

As a dynasty the Naghar rose to power under the Islam khan, a kinsman of Bahlol Lodi, who had the charge of the southern part of the Multan province including Sit-pur now in Muzaffargarh. Kia in D.G Khan and Kashmore in Sind and all on right bank of river Indus.

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time they had already acquired renown for their martial qualities. They were largely entertained by Mahmijd as soldiers, and furnished him with several enterprising military leaders and capable provincial governors. The capture of Somnath, 1024 a.d., is said to have been due to the valour of the Ludi contingent, and MahMUD, in recognition of their services in this campaign, gave some of their chiefs important commands in Hindustan; the favour they enjoyed under the Ghaznavi dynasty they retained under that of the succeeding Ghori, two centuries later, and it was a Ludi chieftain who, with his contingent of clansmen, led the van of Shahabuddin's expedition against Delhi, 1193 a.d., when the Rajput sovereign of Hindustan, the Rae Pithoba, or Pibthwibaja, was vanquished and slain, and the empire of India transferred to the Muhammadan, On this occasion, say the Afghans, Shahabuddin, the second Sultan of the Ghori dynasty of Ghazni, raised the Ludi chieftain, Malik Mahmud, to the rank of Amir, and granted extensive estates to himself and his fellow-chiefs. From this time the fortunes of the Ludi steadily rose, and they became powerful in Panjab. The conquest of Shahabuddin opened a free communication between Afghanistan and India; and large numbers of Afghans of many different tribes flocked into the country as military mercenaries. Two centuries later again, when the Amir Tymub, or Tameblane, invaded Hindustan and captured Delhi, 1398 AD, he was accompanied by a strong contingent of Afghans, at the head of which was Malik Khidab, Ludi, with the Jalwani, Sarwani, and Niyazi chiefs from the Suleman range. For his services on this occasion Malik Khidab, who was previously governor of Multan, was appointed to the government of Delhi, and under his rule the Ludi became masters of nearly the whole of Panjab, from Multan to Sarhind. In 1460 a.d., Bahlol, Ludi, mounted the throne of Delhi, and established the dynasty of [3]

Afghan, or Pathan, sovereigns of Hindustan[edit]

Under their rule the Afghans swarmed into Hindustan; whole tribes left their country and settled as colonists in various parts of India, principally in the Rajput States of Central India, in Rajwara, Barar, and Hydrabad of the Dakhan, or Southern India. Among the tribes thus quitting Afghanistan were the Ludi, the Panni, the Naghar, the Bitani, the Maku, and others ; whilst every tribe of note sent its contingent of clansmen, large or small, as the case might be, to join their countrymen and seek new homes and found new settlements in the wide extent of Hindustan. These emigrants are mostly dispersed in small communities amongst the general population; but in some parts, as in Shekhawat, Barar, Karaoli, Hydrabad, etc., they form numerous and distinct colonies. In more recent times again, so late as the last century only, another