Nagpur district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Nagpur District)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Nagpur district
Ambhora, Nagpur district, at the confluence of 5 rivers
Ambhora, Nagpur district, at the confluence of 5 rivers
Nagpur district
Location in Maharashtra
Coordinates (Nagpur): 21°00′N 79°00′E / 21.000°N 79.000°E / 21.000; 79.000Coordinates: 21°00′N 79°00′E / 21.000°N 79.000°E / 21.000; 79.000
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DivisionNagpur
HeadquartersNagpur
Tehsils1. Ramtek, 2. Umred, 3. Kalameshwar, 4. Katol, 5. Kamthi, 6. Kuhi, 7. Narkhed, 8. Nagpur, 9. Nagpur (Rural), 10. Parseoni, 11. Bhiwapur, 12. Mouda, 13. Savner, 14. Hingna
Government
 • BodyNagpur Zilla Parishad
 • Guardian MinisterDr. Nitin Kashinath Raut
(Cabinet Minister Mha)
 • President Zilla Parishad
  • President
    Mrs. Rashmi Shyamkumar Barve
  • Vice President
    Mrs. Sumitra Manohar Kumbhare
 • District Collector
  • Dr.Vipin Itankar(IAS)
 • CEO Zilla Parishad
  • Mr. Sanjay Yadav (IAS)
 • MPs
Area
 • Total9,892 km2 (3,819 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total4,653,570
 • Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
64.26%
Demographics
 • Literacy89.5%
 • Sex ratio948
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH44, NH47, NH53, NH353I, NH361, NH547, MSH9, SH3.
Average annual precipitation1205 mm
Nominal gross domestic product(Nagpur district)INR 2,53,66crores (2019-20) [2]
Per capita income(Nagpur district)INR 1,74,442 (2019-20) [3]
Websitehttp://nagpur.nic.in/

Nagpur district (Marathi pronunciation: [naːɡpuːɾ]) is a district in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state in central India. The city of Nagpur is the district administrative centre. The district is part of Nagpur Division.

Nagpur district is bounded by Bhandara district on the east, Chandrapur district on the southeast, Wardha district on the southwest, Amravati district on the northwest and Chhindwara district and Seoni district of Madhya Pradesh state on the north.

History[edit]

In 1853, after the death of Raghoji III, the princely state of Nagpur was annexed by the British and the territory occupied by the present district became part of the then Nagpur Province. In 1861, it was merged with the Central Provinces. In 1903 it became part of the Central Provinces and Berar. In 1950 Nagpur district was created as became part of the newly formed Madhya Pradesh state and Nagpur became its capital. In 1956, after a reorganisation of Indian states, Nagpur district was incorporated into Bombay state. On 1 May 1960, it became a district of Maharashtra state.

Geography[edit]

Map of Nagpur district with major towns and rivers.

Climate[edit]

Nagpur
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
10
 
 
29
12
 
 
12
 
 
32
15
 
 
18
 
 
36
19
 
 
13
 
 
40
24
 
 
16
 
 
43
28
 
 
172
 
 
38
26
 
 
304
 
 
32
24
 
 
292
 
 
30
24
 
 
194
 
 
32
23
 
 
51
 
 
33
20
 
 
12
 
 
30
15
 
 
17
 
 
28
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: World Weather Information Service
Climate data for Nagpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33
(91)
37
(99)
41
(106)
47
(117)
49
(120)
45
(113)
38
(100)
40
(104)
39
(102)
37
(99)
35
(95)
32
(90)
49
(120)
Average high °C (°F) 28.6
(83.5)
32.1
(89.8)
36.3
(97.3)
40.2
(104.4)
42.6
(108.7)
37.8
(100.0)
31.5
(88.7)
30.4
(86.7)
31.8
(89.2)
32.6
(90.7)
30.4
(86.7)
28.2
(82.8)
33.5
(92.3)
Average low °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
15.0
(59.0)
19.0
(66.2)
23.9
(75.0)
27.9
(82.2)
26.3
(79.3)
24.1
(75.4)
23.6
(74.5)
22.9
(73.2)
19.8
(67.6)
14.9
(58.8)
12.1
(53.8)
20.2
(68.4)
Record low °C (°F) 7
(45)
8
(46)
12
(54)
17
(63)
18
(64)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
19
(66)
11
(52)
5
(41)
3.5
(38.3)
3.5
(38.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10.2
(0.40)
12.3
(0.48)
17.8
(0.70)
13.2
(0.52)
16.3
(0.64)
172.2
(6.78)
304.3
(11.98)
291.6
(11.48)
194.4
(7.65)
51.4
(2.02)
11.8
(0.46)
17.2
(0.68)
1,112.7
(43.81)
Source: [4]

Divisions[edit]

Nagpur district is divided into 14 talukas: Ramtek, Umred, Kalameshwar, Katol, Kamthi, Kuhi, Narkhed, Nagpur, Nagpur Rural, Parseoni, Bhiwapur, Mouda, Savner and Hingna.

Sub-Divisions and Tahsils in Nagpur District
Sub-Division Tahsils
Nagpur City
  • Nagpur City
Nagpur Gramin
  • Nagpur Gramin
  • Hingna
Kamptee
  • Kamptee
  • Mauda
Umred
  • Umred
  • Bhiwapur
  • Kuhi
Ramtek
  • Ramtek
  • Parseoni
Saoner
  • Saoner
  • Kalmeshwar
Katol
  • Katol
  • Narkhed

Nagpur district has 12 Vidhan Sabha constituencies: Nagpur South West, Nagpur South, Nagpur East, Nagpur Central, Nagpur West, Nagpur North, Katol, Savner, Hingna, Umred, Kamthi and Ramtek. The first six constituencies are part of Nagpur Lok Sabha constituency and rest are part of Ramtek Lok Sabha constituency.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901748,489—    
1911806,287+0.75%
1921789,940−0.20%
1931936,987+1.72%
19411,056,537+1.21%
19511,230,535+1.54%
19611,508,455+2.06%
19711,942,688+2.56%
19812,588,811+2.91%
19913,287,139+2.42%
20014,067,637+2.15%
20114,653,570+1.35%
source:[6]

According to the 2011 census Nagpur district had a population of 4,653,570,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Ireland[8] or the US state of South Carolina.[9] This gives it a ranking of 29th in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 470 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,200/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 14.39%.[7] Nagpur has a sex ratio of 948 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 89.52%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 18.65% and 9.40% of the population respectively.[7]

Religions in Nagpur district (2011)[10]
Religion Percent
Hindus
75.04%
Buddhists
14.36%
Muslims
8.70%
Christians
0.74%
Other or not stated
1.16%

Languages in Nagpur district (2011)[11]

  Marathi (71%)
  Hindi (17%)
  Urdu (5%)
  Chhattisgarhi (1%)
  Gondi (1%)
  Others (5%)


The district had a population of 4,653,171 of which 64.26% were urban as of 2011.[12] The current District Collector is Abhishek Krishna. Nagpur district is made up of the following administrative bodies:[13]

  • Nagpur Municipal Corporation
  • Nagpur Improvement Trust
  • Narkhed Municipal Council
  • Katol Municipal Council
  • Saoner Municipal Council
  • Ramtek Municipal Council
  • Mowad Municipal Council
  • Khapa Municipal Council
  • Umred Municipal Council
  • Narkhed Municipal Council
  • Kalmeshwar Municipal Council
  • Kamptee municipal Council

Transport[edit]

Public transport bus in Nagpur
Nagpur's International Airport has the busiest air traffic control room in India.

Due to its central location in India, the Nagpur Railway Station is an important railway junction. It is a transit terminal for trains that connect the country lengthwise and breadthwise, especially trains connecting India's major metropolises, Mumbai to Howrah-Kolkata, Delhi and Jammu to Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore and Kanyakumari in the South, as well as western cities such as Pune and Ahmedabad.[14]

Nagpur Junction

Nagpur is also a major road junction as India's two major national highways, Kanyakumari-Varanasi (NH  7) and Hajira-Kolkata (NH 6), pass through the city.[14] Highway number 69 connects Nagpur to Obaidullaganj near Bhopal. Nagpur is at the junction of Asian HigLanka and AH46 connecting Kharagpur to Dhule.

The MSRTC buses run a cheap transport service in and around the district, reaching out to even the most remote areas of the district.

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport in Sonegaon, Nagpur, is a domestic and international airport, which connects Nagpur to Mumbai, Delhi, Sharjah, Dubai and Muscat via Doha .

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Nagpur".
  2. ^ Records, Official. "nominal gross district Domestic Product of Maharashtra 2019-20". economy Department, Government of Maharashtra, India. Maharashtra Vidhanmanda.
  3. ^ Records, Official. "Per capita income Districts of Maharashtra 2019-20". economy Department, Government of Maharashtra, India. Maharashtra Vidhanmanda.
  4. ^ "Nagpur, India". Whetherbase. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
  5. ^ "District wise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Archived from the original on 18 March 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2010.
  6. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  7. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011 - Nagpur" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General, India. 2011.
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Ireland 4,670,976 July 2011 est.
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. South Carolina 4,625,364
  10. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Maharashtra". census.gov.in.
  11. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  12. ^ Census of India Archived 3 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Planning Authority of Nagpur district". Government of Maharashtra. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 8 January 2009.
  14. ^ a b Deshpande, Vivek (4 May 2006). "Nagpur stakes claim to lead boomtown pack". The Indian Express. India. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 22 June 2006.

External links[edit]