|Native name||नागपुर मेट्रो रेल|
|Locale||Nagpur, Maharashtra, India|
|Number of lines||2|
|Number of stations||36|
|Daily ridership||363,000 (projected)|
|Chief executive||Brijesh Dixit, MD|
|Headquarters||Opposite Ambedkar College, Deeksha Bhoomi, Nagpur (under construction)|
|Operation will start||2018|
|Operator(s)||Nagpur Metro Rail Corporation Limited (NMRCL)|
|Train length||3 coaches|
|System length||38.2 km (23.7 mi)|
|Electrification||25 kV AC through overhead catenary|
|Average speed||32-34 kmph (North-South Corridor), 30 kmph (East- West Corridor)|
Nagpur Metro (Marathi - नागपुर मेट्रो रेल) is an under construction rapid transit system for the city of Nagpur, India. It is estimated to cost ₹86.80 billion (US$1.3 billion). In February 2014, the Government of Maharashtra gave approval for the Metro Project, while Government of India's Ministry of Urban Development had given "In Principle" approval for the Project. On 20 August 2014, Union Cabinet gave approval for the development of project, and Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid foundation stone on 21 August on his visit to city. Construction on the project began on 31 May 2015, with construction projected to take about 15 months to complete.
It all started during the year 2012, when cities having population of more than 20 lakh were made eligible for having the metro rail system. This decision by the government had made 12 cities in India eligible for the metro rail, including Nagpur. Kamal Nath, then Union minister for urban development, then had proposed a metro rail in Nagpur and called for a detailed project report from the state government. On 22 February 2012, the Nagpur Improvement Trust (NIT) signed an agreement with Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) to prepare the Detailed Project Report (DPR) for the metro in Nagpur. The Central Ministry had allocated ₹24 million (US$360,000) to the State Government for carrying out the DPR work.
Nagpur, the second capital of the state of Maharashtra, is also the third largest city in the state and 13th largest urban agglomeration in India with area of 217 Sq. km. Its Metro Region has a population of around 35 lakhs and an area of around 3576 Sq. km. The city boasts of being the geographical center of the nation along with being the ‘Orange City’ as well as the ‘Tiger Capital of India’ as it is a Gateway to several tiger reserves in Central India. MIHAN Project is coming up in the city and will create many job opportunities. With the growing economic activity, it was necessary to plan for the infrastructure development so as to support the growth of the city. One of the major impacts of economic development will be increased traffic on the city roads. Currently the Public Transportation System contributes only 10% of the total trips. The motorized transport is dominated by two wheeler's (28%) and so is the vehicle ownership in the city (84% of all owned vehicles are two-wheelers). Thus, there is a need for a safe, reliable, efficient, affordable, commuter friendly and environmentally sustainable rapid public transport system for the Nagpur Metro Region.
Conflict with MSRDC
As per the plan of East-West corridor of the Nagpur Metro, the route from east side of the Nagpur Railway station passes through the same road as that of the place where the Ram jhula phase II was under construction. This led to a conflict between MSRDC and NMRCL regarding the position of pillars for their respective projects. Even after several meetings no solution came out. The matter was discussed in the High court of Nagpur Bench during the hearing of a PIL filled by Nagpur Chamber of Commerce Ltd (NCCL) for early completion of Ram Jhula, the six-lane cable-stayed railway over-bridge near Santra Market that has been pending for nine years. High court then directed both the parties to submit their plans to superintendent engineer of Public Works Department (PWD), based in Mumbai. The High court also urged the Chief Minister to resolve the deadlock over Ram jhula. In response, Devendra Fadnavis, Chief Minister of Maharashtra, assured that there would be an early resolve on the ongoing conflict between NMRCL and MSRDC. After some meetings between officials of NMRCL and MSRDC, which was facilitated by Chief Minister, both parties found a solution on the conflict. As per the new plan NMRCL has jointly decided with Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation (MSRDC) to lay the metro rail track between two spans of Ramjhula. This alignment, which although technically challenging, will make it unnecessary to demolish a part of Indira Gandhi Government Medical College and Hospital (IGGMCH) and will not disturb the Poddareshwar Ram Temple either.
Detailed Project Report
DMRC submitted the report to the nodal agecy Nagpur Improvement Trust on 12 February 2013. The total cost of the project was estimated at around ₹90 billion. The project consisted of two routes: Automotive square, Kamptee to MIHAN Metro depot and Prajapati Nagar, East Wardhaman Nagar to Lokmanya Nagar, Hingna. There would be 17 stations on Route no. 1 with a terminal cum depot at MIHAN and 19 stations on Route no. 2 with a terminal cum depot at Lokmanya Nagar. A cross major station was proposed at Munje Square where the two routes would meet and the commuter would be able to exchange the routes.
It was expected that 12.21 percent of Nagpur's estimated population of 2.9 million in 2021, i.e., around 363,000 commuters would use the Metro by 2021.
To provide first and last mile connectivity, feeder services such as shuttle buses, battery operated vehicles, pedestrian facilities and bicycle sharing schemes were included in the project. There would be 19 feeder routes covering all stations and a total distance of around 160 km. Feeder services would enhance the accessibility of the Metro for all classes of commuters, to and from homes and offices.
To execute the project, the Cabinet approved setting up of Nagpur Metro Rail Corporation Limited (NMRCL). NMRCL is a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) created for the smooth implementation and operations of the Nagpur Metro Rail Project and is a joint venture of Government of India and Government of Maharashtra, with 50:50 equity. NMRCL shall be solely responsible for the successful and timely completion of the project and its subsequent operations.
The project is scheduled to be completed by March 2018.
Metro Rail Expenditure
The Total Expenditure of the Project is estimated to ₹8680 Cr. with the Central Government and State Government each contributing 20% share in the form of equity and subordinate debt. Nagpur Municipal Corporation and Nagpur Improvement Trust each giving 5% share of the expenditure while the rest 50% is being financed by loan.
Recently, KfW, a German government-owned development bank, has approved a loan of ₹3,700 crores (€500 million) to NMRCL as a part of fund required for the project. An additional €60 million (₹444 crore) loan will also be provided for funding the proposed feeder service and solar energy installation of Nagpur Metro Rail on mere concessional terms of KfW Germany. Remaining requirement of about €130 million loan for the entire project was expected to be met by AFD France.
Proposed Alignment by DMRC
In early 2012 Nagpur Improvement Trust (NIT) requested DMRC to provide Consultancy services for preparation of a Detailed Project Report for Metro Rail System in Nagpur, Maharashtra initially for 30 km which was revised to 42 km in July 2012. Thereafter, DMRC conducted Traffic Surveys, Topographical Surveys, Geotechnical Investigations and Environment Impact Assessment Survey. The study area consisted of Nagpur Municipal Corporation Area. The study area totaled to approximately 217 km<sup. Based on the different types of surveys done by DMRC, metro alignments were finalized after repeated inspection of the road network, intersections, passenger traffic flow, traffic congestion, connectivity to important land uses.
|Alignment (Proposed by DMRC)||Detail Route|
|Alignment-1 North-South Corridor (21.833 km, 17 stations)||Automotive Square, along Kamptee Road, Wardha Road, Variety Square to Abhyankar Road, along Nag River alignment will fall on Humpyard Road, Rahate Colony Road, Wardha Road, Khamla Road, Airport, MIHAN Area|
|Alignment-2 East – West Corridor (18.266 km, 19 stations)||From Prajapati Nagar, along Central Avenue Road, Railway Feeder Road, Munje Chowk, Jhansi Rani Chowk, North Ambajhari Road, Hingna Road, Lokmanya Nagar|
On 3 August 2013, a meeting was held at Nagpur by authorities of Ministry for Urban Development to discuss the DPR of Nagpur Metro. In that meeting, the Joint Secretary of MoUD had expressed that the Financial Internal Rate of Return (FIRR) of the project should be at least 8% since the Ministry had already issued an advisory that FIRR of metro project should not be below 8%. On 1 October 2013, a presentation on the DPR was made by NIT to The Chief Minister, Government of Maharashtra. The Chief Minister was of the opinion to avoid underground alignment in MIHAN and also construct Maintenance Depot in the land belonging to State Govt Land.
Subsequently, on 21 October 2013, a joint inspection of the North South corridor was done by MADC, NIT and DMRC. The original alignment of Corridor-I proposed was passing through Khamla Road, Airport Area after Sahakar Nagar and finally was ending at MIHAN. The alignment up to old airport station was elevated, then for a length of 3.30 km it was underground with one underground station named as New Airport Station and again elevated in MIHAN Area. Since the cost of underground section of the alignment is much more than the elevated section or the section at grade, alternative alignment was suggested for cost reduction, enhancement in PHPDT and to increase FIRR so that project becomes financially and economically viable. The new proposed alignment suggested in the above inspection, was to pass through a 24-meter wide road adjacent to London Street after Sahakar Nagar Junction and was proposed to be taken to the east along 24-meter wide road and London Street up to Wardha Road. From the intersection at Wardha road, the elevated alignment was proposed to be on the central divider on the Wardha Road. After crossing existing intersection point of Wardha Road & Airport Road, the alignment was to be shifted to the MIHAN area.
Alignment in this portion was proposed to be at grade and to run parallel to Wardha road up to ROB and abutting railway line thereafter up-to proposed Car depot. But, while working on this modification of alignment, it was noticed that a very large number of properties were falling along the alignment due to sharp curve at the junction of Sahakar Nagar & 24-meter wide road and also at the junction of 24-meter wide road & Wardha Road. As acquiring of these properties will be very tough and may delay the whole project, hence to avoid all such situation, it was decided to take the alignment on Wardha Road only without going on Khamla Road. This decision changed the alignment, and it was decided that North-South Corridor will pass through Wardha Road after Congress Nagar Metro Station. After crossing existing intersection point of Wardha Road & Airport Road, it was decided that the alignment will be shifted to the MIHAN area and alignment in this portion would be at grade and will run parallel to Wardha road up to ROB and parallel to railway line thereafter up-to proposed Car depot. 14-meter wide stretch of land between the railway boundary line and the road near proposed Container Depot of Container Corporation of India Ltd. would be affected by this proposed alignment of the Metro Rail as the proposed alignment passes through this stretch of land. MADC land of area 73 Ha was available on the west side of railway line and south of existing flyover near Khapri station. Average width of this land was about 80 m and was about 1800 m long. This MADC land would be utilized for Car Depot. Similarly, Depot of East-West Corridor had also been shifted to SRPF Land near proposed Lokmanya Nagar Metro Station.
This has caused deletion of few earlier proposed metro stations on North-South Corridor and addition of new stations on the same.
Final alignment for both the corridors is as below :
Alignment 1: North-South Corridor
(Rail Length:19.658 km; No of Stations:17)
This corridor originates from Automotive Square on Kamptee Road; moves along Kamptee Road and reaches the intersection point of Amravati Road and Wardha Road, then after crossing Fly Over moves towards Munje Square, moves towards Dhantoli and along nala moves towards Empire/Dr Munje Marg, leads towards Congress Nagar T-Point, then on Rahate Colony Road and then falls on Wardha Road, leads towards NEERI, then moves along Wardha Road and then west of Railway Track in MIHAN area. And passes through 14m wide stretch of land between the railway boundary line and the road near proposed Container Depot.
Entire length (19.658 km.) of this corridor is proposed as elevated except in 4.6 km at grade after Airport Station and in MIHAN area near Khapri Railway Station. There are 17 stations on this corridor of which 15 stations are elevated and 2 stations are at Grade. Sitaburdi Station is an Inter-change station. Average inter-station distance is 1.20 km approximately varying from 0.54 km to 2.4 km depending upon the site, operational and traffic requirements.
|Stn. No.||Station Name||Chainage (in metre)||Distance from previous station||Alignment|
|8||Sitaburdi (Interchange station)||6709.2||533.7||Elevated|
Alignment 2: East-West Corridor
(Rail Length:18.557 km; No of Stations:19)
This corridor originates from Prajapati Nagar and runs westwards, through Vaishnodevi Chowk, Ambedkar Chowk, Telephone Exchange, Chittar Oli Chowk, Agarsen Chowk, Doser Vaisya Chowk, Nagpur Railway Station, Sitaburdi, Jhansi Rani Square, Institute of Engineers, Shankar Nagar Square, Lad chowk, Dharmpeth College, Subhash Nagar, Rachna (Ring road Junction), Vasudev Nagar, Bansi Nagar to Lomanya Nagar. The entire corridor is elevated.
The total length of the corridor is 18.557 kilometer. There are 19 stations on this corridor. All stations are elevated stations and Sitaburdi station is an Interchange Station. Average inter-station distance is 1.00 km approximately varying from 0.65 km to 1.29 km depending upon the site, operational and traffic requirements.
|Stn. No.||Station Name||Chainage (in metre)||Distance from previous station||Alignment|
|2||Vaishnao Devi Square||1229.3||1229.3||Elevated|
|5||Chitar Oli Square||3950.2||812.8||Elevated|
|7||Dosar Vaishya Square||5590.4||830.6||Elevated|
|8||Nagpur Railway Station||6464.4||874.0||Elevated|
|9||Sitaburdi (Interchange Station)||7707.7||1243.3||Elevated|
|10||Jhansi Rani Square||8354.0||646.3||Elevated|
|11||Institute of Engineers||9117.2||763.2||Elevated|
|12||Shankar Nagar Square||10074.9||957.7||Elevated|
|16||Rachana Ring Road Junction||14201.1||1254.0||Elevated|
The DMRC in its Detailed Project Report (DPR) submitted to Nagpur Improvement Trust has suggested to start the construction work on both the routes simultaneously contradicting the prior suggestion of phase wise development.
Distinctive Features of Nagpur Metro
•Green Initiative: Nagpur Metro will be the pioneer in adopting and integrating solar energy generation right from the project planning and design stage to meet its energy requirements to the tune of 65% which will make it the “Greenest Metro”. All station roof-tops, depot boundary walls, depot shed rooftops and vacant ground spaces will be mounted with solar PV panels. In Phase - I, 14MW solar power is proposed to be generated which will rise to 36MW in future so as to met 65% of the growing energy equirements of NMRCL.
•NMRCL signs MoU with DRDO for “ Bio Digester Technology”: Nagpur Metro goes a step further towards making it the greenest Metro. NMRCL and DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organisation) signed a MoU for propagation and installation of “Bio Digester Technology”. Nagpur Metro is the first Metro in India to adopt this technology with an objective of keeping eco friendly clean environment and make use of organic waste and waste water.
•Green Building: Nagpur Metro has been following the Green Building norms for environment protection in all its building design & construction to an optimum level so as to have an eco-friendly, low energy & low water consumption building and at the same time providing fresh & healthy environment to its occupants. Nagpur Metro has installed solar power panels on top of the buildings. Existing Metro House is generating 13 KWp and the under construction Metro Bhawan shall be generating power 260 KWp. Green buildings basically seek to harness all these natural elements in its design & construction
•Tree Plantation: On Forest Day, Tree Plantation Program at Vasudev Nagar in Ambazari Tank submergence area was carried out with as many as 4000 trees planted. Nagpur Metro is extending the programme creating “little wood’ in that area.
•Superior Project Management through 5D-BIM: 5D-Building Information Modelling (BIM) – IT based platform is proposed to be used to ensure tight control over costs, time, quality and safety of the project for the first time. NMRCL would be a pioneer in this respect also.
•Transit Oriented Development (TOD): In addition to fare box collection, revenue stream of the project would include earnings from transit oriented development of Metro rail corridors by way of additional FSI. In addition to this, our percentage point increase in the rate of stamp duty on property transactions in the city is also proposed. This will ensure better financial viability of the project. GoM has already issued a notification for enhanced FSI in October, 2015.
•Multimodal Integration: NMRCL is planning to integrate with all other modes of transport in the city to ensure seamless travel for the Metro commuters.
•Common Mobility Card for Seamless Travel: Nagpur Metro Rail is striving to introduce common mobility card for seamless travel of Metro commuters in various transport modes.
•Efficient & high quality Feeder service: Introduction of an efficient and high quality feeder service is part of Nagpur Metro rail project to provide first and last mile connectivity to the commuters. This will ensure higher ridership towards achieving the project objectives.
•“Metro Samwad”: A novel concept of 'Metro-Samwad' adopted by NMRCL for direct communication with all stake holders of the project including the citizens. NMRCL is conducting these programmes in the vicinity of 36 stations.
•Social Media initiative: Nagpur Metro has 2 lac+ likes on the fb page as on date and the number is ever increasing. Nagpur Metro project are updated on Face book every day and all the questions are answered on line on fb page. In an inclusive approach is adopted by Nagpur Metro Twitter handle is used to go the citizens and answer their tweets.
•TV and local cable network: Nagpur Metro has been constantly airing progress of the project, cautioning the public on the usage of road involved near the construction site as also answering doubts/questions in the interest of the public on UCN, in-cable network.
•Radio FM: As an inclusive approach, Nagpur Metro is conducting “Metro Samvaad” on regular basis through different Radio FM channels in the interest of the citizens, explaining the intricacies of the project and involving the people of Nagpur.
Project Status updates
- Nov 2015: Work started on construction of depot.
- January 2016: Work started on Wardha Road.
- August 2016: Work started on Ajni road. (near Ajni railway station)
- September 2016: Work started on back side of Nagpur railway station
- October 2016: Work started Near Ambazari Lake
- October 2016: Work started on Sitabuldi Interchange Station (Munje Square)
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