Nagpur Municipal Corporation

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Nagpur Municipal Corporation
Logo
Corporation's logo
Type
Type
Established March 1951
Leadership
Mayor
Mrs. Nanda Jichkar (BJP)
Municipal Commissioner
Shri. Ashwin Mudgal (IAS)
Deputy Mayor
Shri. Deepraj Pardikar (BJP)
Structure
Seats 151
Nagpur Municipal Corporation Dec 2017.svg
Political groups
  BJP: 108 seats
  Shiv Sena: 2 seats
  NCP: 1 seat
  BSP: 10 seats
  Independent: 1 seats
  INC: 29 seats
Elections
Last election
2017 [1]
Website
http://www.nmcnagpur.gov.in/

Nagpur Municipal Corporation is the municipal body administering Nagpur, in Maharashtra state in Central India.

History[edit]

Nagpur Municipal Council's geographical area is 15.5 km2 and Nagpur City's population is around 82,000 .[2]

The duties of the Nagpur Municipal Council include maintaining cleanliness, supplying street lights, and water supply with government assistance. In 1922, the Central Provinces & Berar Municipalities Act was framed for the proper functioning of the Municipal Council.

On 22 January 1950, CP & Berar Act No. 2, was published in the Madhya Pradesh Gazette which is known as the City of Nagpur Corporation Act, 1948 (CNC Act). The Municipal Corporation came into existence in March 1951. The first development plan of the city was prepared in 1953. The Berar Province became part of the Maharashtra State in 1956 with Mumbai becoming the capital. Nagpur was declared the second capital of Maharashtra in 1960.

Corporation Election 2012-2017[edit]

Political performance in Election 2012 and 2017[edit]

The results of the 2012 and 2017 elections are shown.[3]

S.No. Party Name Party flag or symbol Number of Corporators (2012) Number of Corporators (2017)
01 Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) Bharatiya Janata Party (icon) SVG.svg 62 108
02 Indian National Congress (INC) Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 41 29
03 Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) Elephant Bahujan Samaj Party.svg 12 10
04 Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) NCP-flag.svg 06 01
05 Jana Sena (SS) Indian Election Symbol Bow And Arrow.png 06 02
06 Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) MNS-flag.png 02 00
07 Other Registered Parties No flag.svg 06 00
08 Independents No flag.svg 10 01

Tasks[edit]

As per the CNC Act, 1948, the key responsibility for providing basic urban services to Nagpur’s citizens lies with the Nagpur Municipal Corporation. The NMC is responsible for administering and providing basic infrastructure to the city:

  1. Building and Maintenance of roads, streets and flyovers.
  2. Public Municipal schools.
  3. Water purification and supply.
  4. Hospitals.
  5. Street lighting.
  6. Maintenance of parks and open spaces.
  7. Sewage treatment and disposal.
  8. Garbage disposal and street cleanliness.
  9. Urban development and city planning of new areas.
  10. Registering of births and deaths.

The NMC co-ordinates with various other government organizations like NIT, MHADA, MSRTC, the Traffic Police, MPCB, etc. for delivering these basic urban services.

Administration[edit]

The corporation is headed by a Municipal commissioner, an IAS officer. He wields the executive power of the house. A quinquennial election is held to elect corporators to power. They are responsible for overseeing that their constituencies have the basic civic infrastructure in place and that there is no lacuna on the part of the authorities. The mayor is selected from the party with the largest vote. A largely ceremonial post, he has limited duties.

Various departments such as public relations, library, health, finance, buildings, slums, roads, street lighting, traffic, establishment, gardens, public works, local audit, legal services, waterworks, education, octroi, and fire services manage their specific activities. The activities of NMC are administered by its zonal offices.

NMC divides city in 10 zones and which are served by zonal offices [4]

  1. Laxmi Nagar
  2. Dharampeth
  3. Hanuman Nagar
  4. Dhantoli
  5. Nehru Nagar
  6. Gandhi Baugh
  7. Sataranjipura
  8. Lakkadganj
  9. Ashi Nagar
  10. Mangalwari.

As per NMC’s records, it has 10,450 employees at present (against a requirement of 12596) across more than 20 departments.

Each zone is divided into several wards. Each ward is represented by a corporation. NMC comprises 151 corporators, the majority of whom are elected in local elections. NMC and NIT together are in charge of the civic and infrastructure needs along with development of new areas.[5]

Official Post Person
Mayor of Nagpur Mrs. Nanda Jichkar [6]
Deputy Mayor of Nagpur Mr. Deepraj Pardikar
Municipal Commissioner of Nagpur Mr. Ashwin Mudgal (IAS)

One of the mayors of Nagpur city, Devendra Fadnavis, went on to become Chief Minister of Maharashtra in 2014.

Financial status[edit]

In 2004-05, NMC’s revenues registered a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.9 percent and revenue expenditure increased at a CAGR of 9.0%. In spite of this, due to a strong revenue base in form of taxes, there was a revenue surplus of INR 78 crores and an overall surplus of INR 18.98 crores (including capital account). Revenue income is primarily earned by NMC or for NMC by some external sources. Among own sources, the largest source is octroi (47%) followed by property tax (18%).

In 2004-05, a capital expenditure of INR 79 crores was incurred, mainly covering water supply, public works, and roads. The cost recovery of services varies across sectors. For example, water expenditure exceeds revenue income each year, making it financially unsustainable. However, sewerage charges exceed the operation and maintenance expense but the current sewer coverage of the system is quite low.[7]

References[edit]

External links[edit]