Nahal Hever

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Nahal Hever (Hebrew: נחל חבר‎, Arabic: wadi al-Khabat‎) is an Intermittent stream (wadi) in the Judean Desert that flows from Yatta area to the Dead Sea. The named is derived from the city of Hebron. The stream has a few waterfalls, the tallest one amounts to over 140 metres (460 ft).[1]

The caves[edit]

At the head of the stream are two caves, the "Cave of Letters" (מערת האיגרות), and, further up, the "Cave of Horror" (מערת האימה) in which twenty four[citation needed] human skeletons were found. They have been regarded as archeological evidence of the Bar Kokhba revolt (132–136). Those of Babatha and her son are, presumably, among them.[2] The sites were discovered 1953 and investigated 1960 and 1961 by Yigael Yadin. In 1999 and 2000 it was excavated by Richard Freund of the University of Hartford.

Biblical manuscripts[edit]

Several fragments of ancient biblical manuscripts were found at Nahal Hever. They include portions of the Book of Numbers and Psalms. They are currently housed at the Rockefeller Museum.[3][4]

Some other biblical manuscript fragments have also been discovered, such as from Deuteronomy.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ (in Hebrew)
  2. ^ Goodman, Martin (1991-01-01). "Babatha's Story". The Journal of Roman Studies. 81. p. 169. doi:10.2307/300497. ISSN 0075-4358. JSTOR 300497.
  3. ^ PETER W. FLINT AND ANDREA E. ALVAREZ, The Preliminary Edition of the First Numbers Scroll from Nahial Hiever. Bulletin for Biblical Research 9 (1999) 137-143
  4. ^ Nahal Hever 'Numbers'
  5. ^ Nahal Hever 'Deuteronomy'

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°24′47.42″N 35°21′57.21″E / 31.4131722°N 35.3658917°E / 31.4131722; 35.3658917