Nahal Tavor

Coordinates: 32°39′8.58″N 35°27′47.45″E / 32.6523833°N 35.4631806°E / 32.6523833; 35.4631806
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32°39′8.58″N 35°27′47.45″E / 32.6523833°N 35.4631806°E / 32.6523833; 35.4631806

Tavor stream (Nahal Tavor)

Nahal Tavor (Hebrew: נחל תבור; Arabic: وادي البيره, Wadi al-Bireh), lit. Tabor Stream, is an intermittent stream in the Lower Galilee, Israel.


Nahal Tavor looking south-east, lupines in the foreground

The stream starts in the hills of Nazareth, east of the city, and runs east and south of Mount Tabor, where it turns east and then empties into the Jordan River between Gesher and Belvoir Fortress.

Three springs feed the stream within the boundaries of the Nahal Tavor Nature Reserve: Ein Rechesh, Ein Ze'ev, and Ein Shachal. Ein Rechesh is near Tel Rekhesh/Tell el-Mukharkhash, an archaeological tell thought to be Anaharath, a town mentioned in the description of one of Thutmose III's campaigns, and also in Joshua 19:19, describing the allotment of the Tribe of Issachar.[1][2] After 13 excavation campaigns executed between 2006 and 2023, it was concluded that site was almost continuously occupied from the Early Bronze Age to the Byzantine period.[3] A large Assyrian 7th or 6th century BCE fortified structure containing several halls and plastered baths was discovered there.[4] A scarab-shaped carnelian seal bearing the carved image of a winged animal (griffin?) was found at the foot of the tell in 2024, of possibly Assyrian or Babylonian age, which could be proof of Tel Rekhesh serving as an administrative centre at the time.[4] An Early Roman period (first–second centuries CE) synagogue stood in the highest (northeast) area of the mound (Area G).[5]

Near Kibbutz Gazit, the stream runs through a basalt canyon.

Nature reserve

The Tabor Stream received nature reserve status in 1974.[6]

The nature reserve encompasses the stream from the area near Kfar Kish up to Highway 90.[1]

Flora includes Tamarix, Willow, Ziziphus spina-christi, Pistacia atlantica, Faidherbia albida, and Prunus korshinskyi trees. Many wildflowers grow during the winter months, such as Lupins (Lupinus pilosus), Cyclamen persicum, Anemones, Chives, and Asafoetida.

Fauna in the reserve includes gazelles (Gazella gazella gazella), Spanish sparrows and Alectoris partridges.


  1. ^ a b נחל תבור ויובליו [Nahal Tavor and its tributaries] (in Hebrew). Israel Nature and Parks Authority website. Archived from the original on 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2010-09-15.
  2. ^ "Rekhesh Project". Retrieved 2010-09-15.
  3. ^ "About the site & News". Tel Rekhesh project. Retrieved 2024-02-08.
  4. ^ a b "Rainstorm in Israel Reveals Ancient Assyrian Scarab". Ruth Schuster for Haaretz, 7 Feb 2024. Accessed 8 Feb 2024.
  5. ^ "Recent Results: In August 2023". Tel Rekhesh project. Retrieved 2024-02-08.
  6. ^ "Nahal Tavor Nature Reserve".