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Nahal settlements (Hebrew: היאחזות נח"ל, Hiahzut Nahal) were settlements established by Nahal soldiers in Israel and Israeli-occupied territories. Supporting Jewish settlement growth and expansion throughout Israel was once the main focus of the Nahal military brigade. The goal for every Nahal settlement was to become a civilian settlement and serve as a first line of defense against potential future Arab invasions. This method of encouraging settlement was particularly effective in less desirable areas (mainly, in the Negev, the Galilee, the Arabah, and after the Six-Day War the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights and the Sinai Peninsula).
A number of former Nahal settlements are now 100% civilian. Many of today's kibbutzim were originally Nahal settlements. The last Nahal settlement was closed in 2001.
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