Nahuel Huapi Lake
|Nahuel Huapi Lake|
|Location||Los Lagos Department, Neuquén Province / Bariloche Department, Río Negro Province, Argentina, in Patagonia|
|Primary inflows||Huemul river|
|Primary outflows||Limay River|
|Max. width||6.3 miles (10.1 km)|
|Surface area||205 sq mi (530 km2)|
|Average depth||515 ft (157 m)|
|Max. depth||1,522 feet (464 m) deeper places might exist|
|Water volume||83.35 cubic kilometres (20.00 cu mi)|
|Shore length1||222 miles (357 km)|
|Surface elevation||2,510 ft (770 m)|
|Settlements||San Carlos de Bariloche|
Villa La Angostura
|1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.|
Nahuel Huapi Lake (Spanish: Lago Nahuel Huapí) is a lake in the lake region of northern Patagonia between the provinces of Río Negro and Neuquén, in Argentina. The tourist center of Bariloche is on the southern shore of the lake. The lake depression consists of several glacial valleys carved out along faults and Miocene valleys that were later dammed by moraines.
Nahuel Huapi lake, located within the Nahuel Huapi National Park, has a surface of 529 km2 (204 sq mi), rests 2,510 feet (770 m) above the sea level, and has a maximum measured depth (as of 2007) of 1,437 feet (438 m).
The name of the lake derives from the toponym of its major island in Mapudungun (Mapuche language): "Island of the Jaguar (or Puma)", from nahuel, "puma (or jaguar)", and huapí, "island". There is, however, more to the word "Nahuel" - it can also signify "a man who by sorcery has been transformed to a puma" (or jaguar).
Its seven branches are named Blest (36 km²), Huemul (21.5 km²), de la Tristeza (18.5 km²), Campanario (7.9 km²), Machete, del Rincón and Última Esperanza. It is connected to other smaller lakes such as Gutiérrez, Moreno, Espejo and Correntoso. The deep-blue waters hold a number of islands, most notably Isla Victoria with an area of 31 km².
A curious fact about the lake is that, despite being nowhere near any ocean and being at high altitude, it is also home for kelp gull and the blue eyed cormorant (Phalacrocorax atriceps), otherwise strictly marine birds.
The lake’s crystal clear waters are very susceptible to climate changes and have an average surface temperature of 45 °F (7 °C); this makes it both beautiful and treacherous. Hypothermia is one of the risks bathers must undertake. Kayaking is a popular sport on this and adjacent lakes. The lake is also the starting point of the Limay River.
At the beginning of the 20th century, and following an old aboriginal legend, the rumor of a giant creature living in the deep waters of the lake took up. The creature is known locally as Nahuelito. Reported sightings of it predate Nessie and The Lost World (Arthur Conan Doyle).
Local aborigines (Mapuche) called another creature el Cuero (leather) for its smooth skin. The neighboring lake Lago Lácar, has also been the site for accounts of another creature, more consistent with a plesiosaur, with aborigines describing it as a sea-cow with teeth all around it.
Members of the Buenos Aires Zoo visited the lake in 1922 trying to corroborate the reports of sightings of the prehistoric animal, but found no evidence to support the theory of such a creature.
Hitler conspiracy theory
The premise of the book Grey Wolf: The Escape of Adolf Hitler, by British authors Simon Dunstan and Gerrard Williams, is that Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun did not commit suicide in 1945, but actually escaped to Argentina. According to the book, the two lived for many years in a Bavarian-styled mansion at Inalco, a remote and barely accessible spot at the northwest end of Lake Nahuel Huapi, where Hitler died in February 1962. This theory of Hitler's flight to Argentina has been dismissed by mainstream historians, including by Guy Walters.
- Huemul Project, the Argentine secret research project on nuclear fusion on the Huemul Island.
- Limay River, a major river of the region that is born in the lake.
- World Lake's Database
- Nasa's Satellite View
- Nahuel Huapi Fauna
- Blue Eyed Cormorant
- Bariloche Tourism
- Reevaluation of Cheek Patterns of Juvenal-Plumaged Blue-Eyed and King Shags
- Nahuelito, Patagonian Lake Monster
- Satelital image of the Nahuel Huapi lake(2369x2328 pixels)
- "Chilean volcano fills lake with ash". The Daily Telegraph. London. 16 June 2011.
- Heusser, C.J. (2004). Ice Age Southern Andes. Elsevier. pp. 25–29.
- "Blue-eyed Cormorant". Birdsoman.com. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- "NAHUEL HUAPI NATIONAL PARK - ARGENTINA - National Parks in Argentina - Ripio Incoming Tour Operator Argentina". Ripioturismo.com.ar. 1903-11-06. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Pamela C. Rasmussen The Condor Vol. 88, No. 3 (Aug., 1986), pp. 393-395. University of California Press
- "La Fauna del Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi". Bariloche.Org. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Sam Mustafa (25 November 2010). "The Myth of Nahuelito: A Monstrous Symbol of Argentina". Argentina Independent. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
- "Lake Monsters: Nahuelito". Strangemag.com. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Grey Wolf: The Escape of Adolf Hitler, 2011 Simon Dunstan & Gerrard Williams,
- Walters, Guy (28 October 2013). "Did Hitler flee bunker with Eva to Argentina, have two daughters and live to 73? The bizarre theory that's landed two British authors in a bitter war". Mail Online. London: The Daily Mail. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- Dewsbury, Rick; Hall, Allan; Harding, Elanor (18 October 2011). "Did Hitler and Eva Braun flee Berlin and die (divorced) of old age in Argentina?". Mail Online. London: The Daily Mail. Retrieved 28 May 2014.