Her research emphasis is the fundamental physical properties of strongly correlated electronic systems. She is best known for her work on a variety of superconductors, magnetic materials, and superconductor/ferromagnet heterostructures. She is also interested in the physics and applications of low-dimensional electronic systems such as graphene and carbon nanotubes. Her experimental techniques include development of various cryogenic scanning probe microscopes for applications to nano-science and technology, as well as superconducting resonator technologies that have been applied to high-resolution studies of superfluid phase transitions and Bose–Einstein condensation in helium gas.
She was born and grew up in Chiayi, Taiwan and received her B. Sc. from National Taiwan University in the capital Taipei City. She came to the US for graduate education and obtained her Ph D in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology She has been recognized by a number of professional associations:
- Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science;
- Fellow, American Physical Society ;
- Fellow and Chartered Physicist, The Institute of Physics, UK;
- David and Lucile Packard Fellow for Science and Engineering;
- Sloan Research Fellow
- Time Magazine "Galaxy of Stars" in Special Issue on California, Vol. 138 #20, P.73, Nov 18, 1991.
- 葉乃裳教授專訪 (Interview with Professor Yeh Nai-Chang) （2007-9-1）, Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, 2008