Naic

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Naic
Municipality
Municipality of Naic
Old Municipal Hall
Old Municipal Hall
Official seal of Naic
Seal
Map of Cavite with Naic highlighted
Map of Cavite with Naic highlighted
Naic is located in Philippines
Naic
Naic
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°19′N 120°46′E / 14.32°N 120.77°E / 14.32; 120.77Coordinates: 14°19′N 120°46′E / 14.32°N 120.77°E / 14.32; 120.77
Country Philippines
RegionCalabarzon (Region IV-A)
ProvinceCavite
District7th District
Founded1869
Barangays30 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorJunio C. Dualan
 • Vice MayorRogelio H. Pangilinan
 • Electorate63,044 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total76.24 km2 (29.44 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total111,454
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Naikenyo
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code4110
PSGC042115000
IDD:area code+63 (0)46
Climate typeTropical monsoon climate
Income class1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱)217,423,128.70 (2016)
Native languagesTagalog
Websitewww.naic.cavite.gov.ph

Naic, officially the Municipality of Naic, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Naic), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 111,454 people.[3]

Naic has a land area of 76.24 square kilometers.

The Municipality has several histories when it comes to the origin of the name. One theory suggests that it is when a Spaniard asked a native what the pig is doing and said "Na - igik". Another one suggests that it is from a Spanish word "Ca - Naic" meaning neighbouring place. Another one suggests that Naic is an acronym for Nuestra Adorada Immaculada Concepcion, the town's patron saint.[citation needed]

Etymology[edit]

Naic, Cavite is one of the former barrios of Maragondon, along with 1) Magallanes (named after Magellan, the Portuguese explorer who was recognized as the first world circumnavigator, after reaching the Philippines under the Spanish Flag); 2) Bailen (named after a town in Spain wherefrom the Friar Baltazar Narváez came, but renamed and now, General Emilio Aguinaldo, after the first President of the First Philippine Republic; 3) Tagaytay City, a former part of Alfonso; 4) Alfonso, (named after the King Alfonso who ascended the throne as a youngster, after his mother, a child Queen abdicated—after being enthroned by a General -later Count- Narváez); and 5) Ternate (a town with three names, Ternate, Wawa, Barra. Ternate was the name of the home in Mollucas of the settlers who were sent by the Dutch and Portuguese to the Philippines to fight the Chinese Pirates; Wawa was the name for this Shores-rich little site; Barra was the name given for this "Docking Place or Site" of Maragondon.)

Better spelled NAIC as an acronym-for Nuestra Adorada (or Amable or Amante) Inmaculada Concepción, Spanish for Our Adorable (or Amiable or Loving) Immaculate Conception, referring to the Patroness of the then barrio, Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, whose feast the barrio celebrated (and the Town continues to celebrate) on December 8.[4]

Naic has several histories when it comes to the origin of its name. One theory suggests that it originated when a Spaniard asked a native about what the pig is doing and he said "Na - igik" thus later on developed as Naic. Another one suggests that it came from a Spanish word "Ca - Naic" meaning neighboring place by which its mother town was the present Maragondon. Another theory put forward is that Naic is an acronym for Nuestra Adorada Immaculada Concepcion. The town's name is the Spanish translation of the town's patron saint, Our Lady of Immaculate Concepcion. As an honor and reverence to Our Lady of Immaculate Conception, the town folks celebrate annually their town fiesta on every 8th day of December.

History[edit]

Thousands of years ago, Naic was a part of the towering Mt. Taal. Naic was the western slope of the volcano until its internal eruption which led to the sinking of its apex in its present condition.

When the Jesuits discovered Maragondon in 1627, its total land area covers the whole of Naic, Ternate, and Magallanes (Vance; Saulo and De Ocampo, 1990; Medina, 1992). In 1758, the Jesuits founded a community in the western bank of the river (present Barangay Muzon) and made it into a "sitio" with a visita still under Maragondon.

In 1791, the community was finally made into a town with its poblacion still in the western bank. The town was named Naic after the old archaic word "can(ia)ayic" meaning "town near one another" or "the other side" (Medina, 1992), while Alfredo B. Saulo contends that Naic is a highly cultured Tagalog word meaning "suburbs" or "countryside". Also in Malaysia, Naic means "overboard" which only proves that the term used, refers to the fact that Naic was just a part of the older town of Maragondon and not from the crying sound of pigs (na-igik).

Moreover, due to the closeness of Naic to the poblacion in Maragondon, Naic transferred its center in 1798 to the eastern bank of the river (the present poblacion)(Medina, 1992). Also during this time, the town was already a flourishing fishing and agricultural village (Villanueva, 1982). On the other hand, the church, since 1797, was under the secular clergy who were mostly Filipinos (Jose, 1997; Medina, 1992). Upon the "Royal Audiencia" issued in 1849, the church was transferred to the Dominican Friars in 1865. The Dominicans upon finding out that the land in Naic was fertile, built the Casa Hacienda de Naic (the present Naic Elementary School) to be the administration building for the overseer of the larger friar lands in Naic (Jose, 1996).

In the Philippine revolution of 1896-1899, all the names of the towns in Cavite were filipinized, thus, the name of Naic was changed to "Maguagi". Furthermore, five events significant to the revolution took place in Naic. These were as follows:

1. The designing of the first official flag of the country which took place in Sulok, Naic, Cavite (the present Velamart).

2. The creation of the Naic Military Agreement, a document by which Andres Bonifacio sought to assert his authority as leader of the Philippine revolutionary government in defiance of Emilio Aguinaldo's government initiated in Tejeros (Casa Hacienda de Naic).

3. The appointment of the first cabinet ministers including the Departments of Interior, Justice, Finance, and Defence (Casa Hacienda de Naic).

4. The Battle of Timalan where the Filipino revolutionists won overwhelmingly against the Spanish troops (Timalan, Naic Cavite).

5. The Battle of Naic where Aguinaldo declared the town to be his last defense (Poblation) (Medina, 1996, de Achutegui, 1972; Aguinaldo, 1964; T.A. Agoncillo, 1963).

The prominent people who paved the way for the revolution in Naic included former gobernadorcillos and capitanes municipal; namely, Cirilo Arenas, Gregorio (Goyo) Jocson, in whose house General Aguinaldo recuperated from illness, Benito Poblete, and Tobal Bustamante.[5]

A sprinkling of upperclassmen could also be found in other towns of Cavite whose wealth came from rural landholdings, urban properties, and/or successful business ventures. The Cuencas of Bacoor, the Papa, De Castro, Valentin, and Arenas families of Naic, the Darwins of Indang, who were/are Spanish nobilities and margraves with ranks of Duques, Marquis, Condes and Vizcondes, pertained to this class.[6]

Naic is also the very first town in the country to pass an ordinance banning pigs from the street. It had been a perennial problem of the country. It is one of the greatest achievement of Naic because the other towns followed suit.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Naic is located on the western part of the province along the shorelines of Manila Bay. Trece Martires City and Tanza bound it to the east. Situated beyond the southern portion of Naic is Indang and the western boundary is shared with Ternate and Maragondon. Travel between Naic and Metro Manila covers 47 Kilometers.Majority of the upland towns and some of those in lowlands trade with Naic due to its strategic geographical position. The coordinates of Naic are 14°32 latitude and 120°768 longitude.

Barangays[edit]

The Municipality of Naic is politically subdivided into 30 barangays.

Barangay Brgy. Captain Population

(as of May 1, 2010)

Urban/Rural
Bagong Kalsada 1,925 Urban
Balsahan 478 Urban
Bancaan 4,365 Rural
Bucana Malaki 1,272 Urban
Bucana Sasahan 4,561 Rural
Capt. C. Nazareno (Poblacion) 650 Urban
Calubcob 1,410 Rural
Gomez - Zamora (Poblacion) 868 Urban
Halang 3,294 Rural
Humbac 810 Urban
Ibayo Estacion 3,414 Urban
Ibayo Silangan 11,250 Urban
Kanluran 1,748 Urban
Labac 5,621 Rural
Latoria 1,951 Urban
Mabolo 2,357 Urban
Makina 792 Urban
Malainen Bago 4,385 Urban
Malainen Luma 2,857 Rural
Molino 1,345 Rural
Munting Mapino 5,123 Urban
Muzon 1,965 Rural
Palangue 1 3,050 Rural
Palangue 2&3 3,332 Rural
Sabang 4,834 Urban
San Roque 4,655 Urban
Santulan 670 Urban
Sapa 1,272 Urban
Timalan Balsahan 3,426 Rural
Timalan Concepcion 4,464 Urban

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Naic
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 9,225—    
1918 9,794+0.40%
1939 13,813+1.65%
1948 15,222+1.09%
1960 27,818+5.15%
1970 28,723+0.32%
1975 32,130+2.27%
1980 38,243+3.54%
1990 51,629+3.05%
1995 58,046+2.22%
2000 72,683+4.94%
2007 87,058+2.52%
2010 88,144+0.45%
2015 111,454+4.57%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][7][8][9]

In the 2015 census, the population of Naic, was 111,454 people,[3] with a density of 1,500 inhabitants per square kilometre or 3,900 inhabitants per square mile.

It is the 9th most populous and the 14th most densely populated municipality/city in the province. The massive increase can be observed in the year 1990 when industrialization was introduced in the Province of Cavite (including Naic). Investors established their businesses in different industrial estates that magnetized people to migrate to Cavite due to job opportunities the province offers. Another factor attributed to the increase of population is the mushrooming of housing subdivisions (such as Belmont Homes in Palangue and Dorothea Homes in both Halang and Calubcob). Natural increase also contributes to the increase in population. The population density of the municipality based on the 2015 census was 1,500 inhabitants per square kilometre or 3,800 inhabitants per square mile.

Among the barangays in Naic, Brgy. Ibayo Silangan has the biggest population with 11,250 people while Brgy. Balsahan has registered the smallest population with 478 people.

The population of Naic have grown from the past few years. In 1990 the recorded population count by the Philippine Statistics Authority is about 52,000, about 73,000 in year 2000 (which increased by 3.45%), 87,058 is recorded in 2007 (2.46% increase), about 88,000 in 2010 (0.39% increase) and 111,454 in 2015 (increased by 4.60%).

Languages[edit]

The vernacular language is Filipino, based mostly on the Tagalog of surrounding areas, and this Tagalog form used is the Manila form of spoken Tagalog which essentially become the lingua franca of the Philippines, having spread throughout the archipelago through mass media and entertainment. English is the language most widely used in education and business.

Religion[edit]

The Catholic population of Naic is primarily served by the Diocesan Shrine of the Immaculate Conception Church

Local government[edit]

Municipality Officials[edit]

Position Name of Elected Official
Mayor Junio Dualan
Vice Mayor Roger Pangilinan

Education[edit]

Education in the Philippines is managed and regulated by the Department of Education (DepEd), Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). DepEd is responsible for the K–12 basic education; it exercises full and exclusive control over public schools and nominal regulation overprivate schools, and it also enforces the national curriculum that has been put in place since 2013. CHED and TESDA, on the other hand, are responsible for higher education; CHED regulates the academically-oriented universities and colleges while TESDA oversees the development of technical and vocational education institutions and programs in the country.

Public schools[edit]

High-Schools
  • Naic Coastal National High School
  • Naic National High School
  • Ciudad Nuevo de Naic National High School (CNDNNHS)

Private schools[edit]

High-Schools
  • Abeniano delos Santos Academy
  • Cavite Community Academy
  • Colegio de Naic
  • Immaculate Concepcion School
  • King's Way Christian Academe
  • La Vlaize Integrated Science School
  • The Valley Cathedral Academy
  • Western Colleges

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Cavite". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ [As explained to Salvación Aurora Riel y Narváez de Grimes and her twin Concepción Zenaida Riel y Narváez de Bodota by their grandparents, Señor Don José María Narváez y Martín Ángeles and Señora Doña Cecilia Reyes y Riego de Dios de Narváez, both of Maragondon, Cavite.]
  5. ^ http://sinupan.blogspot.com/2008/05/history-of-naic.html
  6. ^ http://asj.upd.edu.ph/mediabox/archive/ASJ-21-1983/buhler.pdf
  7. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  8. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  9. ^ "Province of Cavite". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External links[edit]