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Nainital district

Coordinates: 29°20′N 79°30′E / 29.333°N 79.500°E / 29.333; 79.500
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Nainital district
Clockwise from top-left: Nainital Lake, Ayarpatta cliffs, Naina Devi Temple, Jim Corbett National Park, view from Mukteshwar
Location in Uttarakhand
Location in Uttarakhand
Coordinates: 29°20′N 79°30′E / 29.333°N 79.500°E / 29.333; 79.500
Country India
 • District collectorVandana IAS[1]
 • Total3,860 km2 (1,490 sq mi)
 (2021 according to UIDAI)
 • Total1,260,078
 • Rank4(Out of 13 districts in Uttarakhand)
 • OfficialHindi
 • NativeKumaoni
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)

Nainital district is a district in Kumaon division which is a part of Uttarakhand state in India. The headquarters is at Nainital.

Nainital District is located in Kumaon Division, and is located in the lower Himalayas. Haldwani is the largest city in the district.


The district borders Almora and Champawat districts to the north, Udham Singh Nagar district to the south, and Bijnor district of Uttar Pradesh and Pauri Garhwal district to the west.

Nainital district is located in the Kumaon Himalaya. The district has part of the Bhabar tract in its south, which is bordered to the north by the Sivalik hills. To the north of this is the Lesser Himalayas, with a maximum altitude of 2600m. The main river in the district is the Kosi, which forms part of the border between Almora and Nainital districts before entering Nainital district proper. It then flows through Nainital district to the Ramganga.


The southern Terai part of the district was ruled by the Panchalas during the Vedic era. Starting the first century CE, the district was part of the Kushan empire for at least 150 years. In the fourth century, Samudragupta conquered the region and the Guptas held it for the next two centuries.

After the downfall of the Kingdom of Brahmapura, the Katyuris from Joshimath established their rule over most of Kumaon including the Bhabhar parts. Starting in the middle of the 10th century, however, their power began to decline and they were eclipsed by the Chand kings of Champawat. The Chand kings generally had friendly relations with the empires to their south, but were never under their direct political control. The Chand rulers fought many wars with the Garhwal kingdom to their west. In 1790, the Gorkhas overran Kumaon including Nainital district and held it for 24 years, until the British took it in 1814 during the Anglo-Nepalese War. The region came under direct British rule and was organised into Nainital district in 1891 as part of the United Provinces.

In 1916, Govind Ballabh Pant and Har Govind Pant established the Kumaon Parishad to fight for the grassroots of Kumaoni people. After Independence, Nanital district became part of the state of Uttar Pradesh. In 2000, Nainital district was one of the districts separated to form the new state of Uttarakhand.


According to the 2011 census, Nainital district has a population of 954,605. The district has a population density of 225 inhabitants per square kilometre (580/sq mi), and a population growth rate over the preceding decade at 25.1%. It has a sex ratio of 934 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 83.9%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 20.02% and 0.79% of the population respectively.[2]: 12–13 

Religions in Nainital district (2011)[3]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated
Distribution of religions

As of 2011 Indian census, Nainital district had 809,717 (84.82%) Hindus, 120,742 (12.65%) Muslims, and 17,419 (1.82%) Sikhs.[4]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Nainital district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Indian Census.[6]
Mother tongue code Mother tongue People Percentage
002007 Bengali 4,174 0.4%
006102 Bhojpuri 6,688 0.7%
006195 Garhwali 15,348 1.6%
006240 Hindi 369,373 38.7%
006340 Kumauni 462,493 48.4%
006439 Pahari 683 0.1%
014011 Nepali 5,984 0.6%
016038 Punjabi 19,644 2.1%
022015 Urdu 63,170 6.6%
053005 Gujari 1,416 0.1%
Others 5,632 0.6%
Total 954,605 100.0%


Languages of Nainital district (2011)[6]

  Kumaoni (48.45%)
  Hindi (38.69%)
  Urdu (6.62%)
  Punjabi (2.06%)
  Garhwali (1.61%)
  Others (2.57%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, the major first languages of the population were Kumaoni (48%), Hindi (39%), Urdu (6.6%), Punjabi (2.1%), Garhwali (1.6%), Bhojpuri (0.70%), and Nepali (0.63%).[7] There are also speakers of Buksa, found in a number of villages in Ramnagar development block.[8]

Assembly Constituencies[edit]

  1. Lalkuan
  2. Bhimtal
  3. Nainital (SC)
  4. Haldwani
  5. Kaladhungi
  6. Ramnagar



  1. ^ "Collectorate | District Nainital, Government of Uttarakhand | India". Retrieved 4 July 2023.
  2. ^ District Census Handbook: Nainital (PDF). Directorate of Census Operations, Uttarakhand. 2011.
  3. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttarakhand". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  4. ^ "Nainital District Population". Census India. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  5. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  6. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttarakhand". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  7. ^ C-16 Population By Mother Tongue (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  8. ^ Pant, Jagdish (2015). "Buksa/Buksari". In Devy, Ganesh; Bhatt, Uma; Pathak, Shekhar (eds.). The Languages of Uttarakhand. People's Linguistic Survey of India. Vol. 30. Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan. pp. 3–26. ISBN 9788125056263.

External links[edit]