Najafgarh

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Najafgarh
नजफ़गढ़
Subdistrict and Sub – City
Najafgarh is located in Delhi
Najafgarh
Najafgarh
Location in India
Coordinates: 28°36′45″N 76°59′5″E / 28.61250°N 76.98472°E / 28.61250; 76.98472Coordinates: 28°36′45″N 76°59′5″E / 28.61250°N 76.98472°E / 28.61250; 76.98472
Country  India
State Delhi
District South West Delhi
Government
 • Body Municipal Corporation of Delhi
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,365,152 [1]
Languages
 • Spoken Haryanvi, Punjabi, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Lok Sabha constituency West Delhi
Vidhan Sabha constituency Najafgarh
Civic agency Municipal Corporation of Delhi

Najafgarh is a Sub-City in the South West Delhi district in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, India. It is one of the three Subdivisions of South West Delhi district.[2] Najafgarh is located at the outskirts of the southwestern part of Delhi near Haryana border at a distance of 29 km from the New Delhi City Center. It has a mixture of rural and urban population from Delhi and Haryana. Due to the presence of a lot of freehold land, Najafgarh is the fastest developing tehsil in South West district of Delhi State.

History[edit]

Mirza Najaf Khan, after whom Najafgarh is named

Najafgarh was named after Mirza Najaf Khan[3][4] (1733–1782) the commander-in-chief of the Mughal Army under king Shah Alam II.[5][6] He marched several kilometers away from the capital of Shahjahanabad to establish a military outpost, which would guard Delhi against attacks by British, Rohillas and Sikhs. He built a strong fort,[7] in the suburbs beyond the capital city and settled a small settlement of the Mughal here in its infancy. That fort was later named Najafgarh.[8] After the death of Najaf Khan, Najafgarh later became a fortified stronghold of Rohilla Afghan chieftain Zabita Khan (b. 1785).[9][citation needed]

During the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and as a part of the Siege of Delhi,[10] the Battle of Najafgarh took place on 25 August 1857[11] between Indian rebels and British Raj soldiers.[12] Approximately 800 people were killed.[13] After the defeat of Mughal troops in 1857, Delhi came into hands of British Empire in 1858. Najafgarh became a part of Delhi district[14] of the Delhi Division of Punjab Province as Delhi was transferred from the North-Western Provinces (later the United Provinces) to Punjab by British Government in 1859.[15] In 1861, the North-Western Provinces education system was abolished in Delhi,[16]:18 and a new system for schools modelled on Punjab education system was introduced by W.M. Holroyd, The Inspector of Schools of Ambala Division.[16]:47 New schools were opened at Narela, Najafgarh, Mehrauli and their suburbs. Several schools were opened here in the coming decades. The Delhi Normal School was shifted to Najafgarh from Kashmere Gate in 1911.[16]:71[17] The Delhi Normal School, with a small attached Model School,[18] trained its teachers in closer accordance with European methods than any other Normal School in Northern India.[19]

In 1947, Najafgarh became a part of independent India and fell under the union territory of Delhi. Najafgarh Assembly Constituency was established in 1993 when the Delhi legislative assembly was re-established in the year of 1993, after the Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991 came into force, followed by the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991 the Sixty-ninth Amendment to the Constitution of India, declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as National Capital Territory of Delhi.[20] Najafgarh is now one of the most populous electoral regions in the National Capital Region of India (NCR). Najafgarh is surrounded by 70 villages bordering Haryana. The borders are 10 to 15 kilometers from the main Najafgarh Market.

Geography[edit]

Monsoon Clouds near Najafgarh, Delhi
Aerial View of Najafgarh
Aerial View of Najafgarh Drain

Najafgarh is located at 28°36′N 76°59′E / 28.60°N 76.98°E / 28.60; 76.98[21] in South West Delhi district in the NCT of Delhi. Najafgarh is situated 29 km south-west of the New Delhi City Centre and 10 km north-west to the district headquarters at Dwarka. It has an average elevation of 218 m (715 ft) above mean Sea Level.[22] Najafgarh Drain, the continuation of the Sahibi River and an elongation of the Najafgarh Lake is the Indian capital’s most polluted water body[23] due to direct inflow of untreated sewage from surrounding populated areas. A January 2005 report by the Central Pollution Control Board classifies this drain, with 13 other highly polluted wetlands, under category ‘‘D’’ for assessing the water quality of wetlands in wildlife habitats.[24][25][26]

Najafgarh is surrounded by a number of important villages of the South West Delhi district. Like all the administrative subdivisions of the South West District of Delhi, Najafgarh is composed of a group of villages. Some of the villages around Najafgarh are Kair, Roshan pura baprola, Asalatpur Khadar, Haibat Pur, Pandwala Kalan, Badu Sarai, Kangan Heri, Dauralla, Dindarpur , Ghuman Hera, Khaira, Delhi, Bakkargarh, Jaffarpur Kalan, Rawta, Surheda, Khera Dabar, Daulatpur, Dhansa, Galibpur, Jhuljhuli, Jhatikra, Kazipur, Kharkhari Nahar, Sidipur, KharKhari Jatmal, KharKhari Round, Hasanpur, Delhi, Mundhela Khurd, Mundhela Kalan, Nanak Heri, Nangli Sakrawati, Paprawat, Pandwalan Khurd, Pandwalan Kalan, Rewla Khanpur, Chhawla, Goela Khurd, Tajpur Khurd, Sarang Pur, Sherpur, Shikar Pur, Samaspur Khalsa, Ujwa, Daryapur Khurd, Issapur and Malikpur and Najafgarh is surrounded by a number of important towns of Delhi. On the west of Najafgarh like Surkhpur and Mitraon. Dichaon Kalan is situated to the north of Najafgarh.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census, the population of Najafgarh is 1,365,152.[1] Female sex Ratio is of 872 against Delhi's average of 868. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Najafgarh is around 832 compared to Delhi's average of 871.[1] The majority of the inhabitants are from Haryana, Uttrakhand, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. The literacy rate is 88.1%.[1] Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 12.60% of total population in Najafgarh.

Politics[edit]

Pravesh Verma of BJP is the MP from this constitiuency while Kailash Gahlot, Advocate of Aam Aadmi Party is MLA and Parliamentary Secretary, Govt of NCT of Delhi from this region. Mr. Gahlot Defeated Former MLA Bharat Singh of INLD in Delhi Legislative Assembly election, 2015

Economy[edit]

Map of Delhi, showing location of Najafgarh

Najafgarh Market is well famous for different varieties of shops including textile, Hardware, Ornament, sports, sweets. Jawahar Chowk is the oldest Place in the market.

Najafgarh is also in close proximity to Gurgaon, which is a hub for numerous companies, both Indian and multinational. There are several Ayurvedic and Advanced treatment centres and Medical Centres, Charitable Clinics. They are located in and around Najafgarh. Sai Baba of Shirdi, Suredha Temple, We have few of the meditation centres in and around Najafgarh are Radha Soami Satsang Beas at Ranaji Enclave and Dindarpur, Osho Dham (of Guru Rajneesh), Ashram of Sudhanshu Ji Maharaj at Bakkarwala, Nirmal Dham of Nirmala Devi and Baba Haridas temple in Jharodha Kalan In some of the centres they have free medical facility or discounted/ Subsidized medical facilities with the best available latest sophisticated medical devices and are equipped with traditional and advanced treatment facilities and manned by expert dedicated teams

Special Forces Academy and Special Operations Centres are around in Najafgarh : Delhi Police Border Security Force, CRPF Camp (part of India Government's Para Military Forces) Bani Camp and Delhi Police Training Centre are also located in the vicinity of Najafgarh. Delhi Police Training Centre in Jharodha is the first major training centre for all the recruitment of Delhi's police constables, Sub-Inspector and other ranks. Various kinds of training are being provided in this centre such as bomb disposal, riots protection, law & order management, etc. It is having two parts – one is Delhi Police Training School and other is Delhi Police Training College. DANIPS and IPS officers of AGMUT cadres are provided induction training in Najafgarh Police training Centre[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

IGI Airport is the primary Airport serving the complete NCR Region

Indira Gandhi International Airport is the nearest international Airport to Najafgarh. It is the primary Airport serving the complete NCR Region. The Metro network will be extended from Dwarka to Najafgarh as part of Phase 3 of Delhi Metro connecting it with the satellite city of Noida. The official deadline for this project is December 2016. The metro will connect the Dwarka station and the Old PHC (Public Health Centre) of Najafgarh. However, it is unlikely to connect the Rural belt, which has led to demand of new Metro to Dhansa.

Najafgarh is well connected by motorable roads with major destinations all over Delhi and Haryana. The Main Najafgarh Road (officially Shivaji Road) connects Najafgarh to the city of New Delhi while a number of other roads connect it to several Villages along the Delhi-Haryana Border. DTC (Delhi Transport Corporation) and DIMTS (Delhi Multi Model Transit System) provide bus services from Najafgarh bus Terminal to other parts of Delhi like Nehru Place, Inderlok, Tilak Nagar, Safdarjung and Azadpur while Haryana Roadways runs Buses connecting Najafgarh with the cities of Gurgaon, Bahadurgarh and Jhajjar. Auto rickshaws and private Buses are also preferred by a large number of people.

Notable Persons[edit]

There are many notable persons of Najafgarh:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Census of India 2011 Primary Census Abstract" (PDF). Government of India. 
  2. ^ "South West District". www.delhi.gov.in. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  3. ^ Chenoy, Shama Mitra. Shahjahanabad: A City of Delhi, 1638–1857. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. p. 109. ISBN 9788121508025. 
  4. ^ Delhi Govt Website
  5. ^ Qanung, K R; Singh, Vir. History of the Jats (Upto The Death Of Mirza Najaf Khan, 1782). 
  6. ^ Gupta, Hari Ram (1944). A History of the Sikhs, from Nadir Shah's Invasion to the Rise of Ranjit Singh, 1739–1799: Cis-Sutlej Sikhs, 1769–1799. Punjab: Minerva Book Shop. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  7. ^ Burton-Page, John. Indian Islamic Architecture: Forms and Typologies, Sites and Monuments. BRILL. ISBN 9004163395. 
  8. ^ Spear, Thomas George Percival; Gupta, Narayani; Sykes, Laura. Delhi, its monuments and history. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195634600. 
  9. ^ Strategy Framework for Delhi beyond the Commonwealth Games 2010, BY DANNY CHERIAN, 2004 Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ Edwardes, Michael (1963). Battles of the Indian Mutiny. London: Pan Books. ISBN 0-330-02524-4. 
  11. ^ Haigh, R. H.; Turner, Philip Wilson. 'John Nicholson, the Battle of Najafgarh and the Siege of Delhi'. Sheffield City Polytechnic, Department of Political Studies. 
  12. ^ Dalrymple, William (2006). The last Mughal : the fall of a dynasty, Delhi, 1857. New Delhi: Penguin, Viking. ISBN 0-670-99925-3. 
  13. ^ Indian Mutiny 1857 – 58 – Vol. I. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 9788120619937. 
  14. ^ ""Chapter 1: Introduction": Economic Survey of Delhi, 2005–2006" (PDF). Planning Department, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi. Retrieved 1 October 2016. 
  15. ^ Gupta, Narayani (1981). Delhi Between Two Empires, 1803–1931. Oxford University Press. 
  16. ^ a b c Sharma, Ajay Kumar (2011). A History of Educational Institutions in Delhi. New Delhi: Sanbun Publishers. ISBN 9789380213149. 
  17. ^ The Platinum Heritage- 1920–1955. New Delhi: Modern School Booklet. 1955. 
  18. ^ 'Final Memorandum by major W.R.M. Holroyd Regarding the Central Training College,' incld. in, Leitner to offg. sec. to the Government of the Punjab, June 1, 1878, no. 354, OIOC P/1148
  19. ^ Allender, Tim. Ruling Through Education: The Politics of Schooling in the Colonial Punjab. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. pp. 239, 240. ISBN 9781932705706. 
  20. ^ "THE CONSTITUTION (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991". 
  21. ^ "Najafgarh, New Delhi, Delhi, India Map Lat Long Coordinates". www.latlong.net. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  22. ^ "Elevation of Najafgarh, New Delhi, Delhi, 110043 with altitude and height". Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  23. ^ "Najafgarh basin is Delhi's most polluted area". www.indianexpress.com. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  24. ^ "Blot across the Capital: Najafgarh most polluted". cities.expressindia.com. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  25. ^ "Environment minister raises a stink over Najafgarh jheel". cities.expressindia.com. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  26. ^ "Najafgarh drain 11th among highly polluted industrial clusters". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  27. ^ Puri, Yogesh. Party politics in the Nehru era: a study of Congress in Delhi. National Book Organisation. p. 147. ISBN 9788185135724. 
  28. ^ Garg, Chitra. Indian Champions: Profiles of Famous Indian Sportspersons. Rajpal & Sons. p. 191. ISBN 9788170288527. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  29. ^ Sen, Ronojoy. Nation at Play: A History of Sport in India. Columbia University Press. p. 276. ISBN 9780231539937. 
  30. ^ Dwivedi, Sandeep (11 January 2014). "The unlikely makeover of Virender Sehwag". The Indian Express. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  31. ^ "Man from Baprola achieved what 'Pocket Dynamo' did 56 years ago – The Times of India". The Times Of India. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  32. ^ "Sushil's journey: From mud pits to Olympic podiums". The Hindu. The Hindu. 12 August 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2016.