Najm Afandi

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Najm Afandi
Preceded by Bazm Afandi
Succeeded by Sohail Afandi (Religious speaker and scholar)
Born Mirza Tajammul Hussain
Agra, India
Died 1975 (82 years)
Karachi, Pakistan
Resting place Sakhi Hassan-GraveYard
Nationality Indian, Pakistani
Ethnicity Indian
Occupation Urdu Poet, Urdu Writer, Shair-e-Ahle-bait
Religion Islam
Main interest(s) Religious Poetry (Marsiya, Noha)
Notable work(s)

Noha: 'Aey Waey Nahre Alqama' 'Raaj dulara Zehra ka'

Books: Kainat-e-Najm, Khosha e Anjum, Huan Najm,Rubaiyat Najam Afandi
Signature Signature-Najm-Afandi.jpg

Najm Afandi (1893–1975) نجم آفندی was an important Urdu poet of his time who had numerous budding poets as his disciples. He was born in Agra, India in 1893. His father Bazm Afandi was himself a well-known poet of Bazm's time.[1] The following verses are from Bazm's ghazal :

Ek shab arsh pe mahbuub ko bulvaa hi liyaa

Hijr voh Gham hai Khuda se bhi uuthaaya na gayaa

— (Bazm)

Early life[edit]

Najm Afandi was born in Agra, in the year 1893. He moved to Hyderabad, Deccan at some point in his life. He started writing poetry early in his life and continued to do so for 65 years. His nazm durr-e-yateem was immensely popular, which he wrote while he was only 15 or 16 years of age. He experimented with various genres of Urdu poetry. Najm had in the later part of his life dedicated himself to writing marsiya, salaam, manqabat and qasida. Although he wrote numerous ghazals and nazms, because of the religious nature of his poetry and the issues he dealt with, he was known as 'Shair-e-Ahle-bait.' An example of one of his religious verses is:

Sha'ir hoo jinka Najm woh hain wajah-e-kainaat

Mumkin hai ta-abad mera naam-o-nishaan rahe

Work and Career[edit]

Long before Progressive Writers Movement came into existence his poetry dealt with the issues and themes which were the hallmark of the movement. 'Kisaan', 'Mazdoor ki Awaz', 'Hamari Id' are few poems of that era. He greatly influenced the coming generation of poets who adopted marsia, salam, qasida and other similar genres of poetry in Urdu. Muntaqim Haideri Saithly consider him as his Ustad (teacher). He published 5 Diwan of poetry; Mah-e-Wafa, Iqbal-e-Wafa, Jamal-e-Wafa, Ilham-e-Wafa, and he had noted the name of Najm Afandi and Haider Dehlvi as his teachers in each one of them.

Most of his work in Urdu literature remained unpublished during his lifetime. After his death, many people compiled and published his work; others performed them live in Majalis and Mushairas. Allama Zameer Akhtar Naqvi has often quoted his poetry during his speeches along with the poems from Mir Anees and Mirza Dabeer. Some of the books compiling his works are Kainat-e-Najm, Khosha e Anjum, Huan Najm, Rubaiyat Najam Afandi.

Personal life[edit]

He was married once and had 7 children, the eldest one being his only son, religious orator Sohail Afandi. 3<2> out of his 6 daughters<one married namely Tehseen Sultana and one unmarried namely Tamkeen Sultana who married later in Pakistan> moved to Pakistan during the Partition of India[after partition of India] and the 3rd one namely Tauseef Sultana (unmarried) came along himself in 1970, Tamkeen Sultana died and other two still live there now. His work is survived by his son and grandson, Asghar Afandi, who is also a religious speaker.


Around 1960's <in 1970) Najm relocated to Pakistan and lived with his 2 daughters and their families. He died naturally in 1975 in Karachi and is buried at the infamous Sakhi Hassan Graveyard, North Nazimabad. Josh Malihabadi, who was his friend and associate from the days spent in Hyderabad Deccan, wrote on his death "I held Najm's verses and poetry in great esteem which has no match, with his death Urdu is desolate."

See also[edit]

Taqi Abedi has compiled/written 8 books on Najam Afandi, one of which is 'Kainat-e-Najm'.


  1. ^ "COLUMN: The art of marsiya". 2014-11-02. Retrieved 2015-10-24. 

External links[edit]

  • [1] Najm Afandi, a forgotten poet
  • [2] Excerpts from marsia by Najm Afandi