Najmiddin Jalolov (Russian: Наджмуддин Камолитдинович Джалолов Nadzhmuddin Kamolitdinovich Dzhalolov, a.k.a Abu Yahya Muhammad Fatih; April 1, 1972 – September 14, 2009) was the leader of the Jama'at al-Jihad al-Islami (Islamic Jihad Union), a militant organization affiliated with Al Qaeda that operates in Central Asia, Russia and Western Europe.
Jalolov was born in the town of Xartum, Andijan Region, Uzbek SSR, today Uzbekistan. He trained in mines and explosives at al Qaida camps and participated in operations in Afghanistan and Pakistan on the Taliban side.
Jalolov was a former member of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), another organization affiliated with Al Qaeda. Uzbek courts found Jalolov guilty of terrorism in absentia in 2000. He left IMU around 2000 and took part in Islamic Jihad Union.
He was considered a potential ringleader in a September 2007 plot to attack several venues in Germany, according to the United States Treasury Department. In 2006, he directed the casing of terrorist targets, particularly hotels catering to Western visitors, in Central Asia.
Jalolov was tied to Taliban leader Mohammed Omar, Uyghur militant Abu Mohammad, and Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden. In 2004, he ordered the attacks on the US Embassy and the Israeli Embassy in Tashkent.
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