|Governor of Kirkuk|
3 April 2011 – August 2014
|Preceded by||Abdul Rahman Mustafa|
|Member of the Council of Representatives|
7 March 2010 – 2 April 2011
|Born||1949 (age 69–70)|
|Alma mater||George Washington University|
University of Mosul
|Years of service||1972–1975|
Dr. Najmiddin Karim (Kurdish: نەجمەدین کەریم), born 1949, also known as Najmaldin Karim, is the governor of Kirkuk Governorate of Iraq. Prior to the invasion of Iraq, Karim had served in numerous Kurdish and Iraqi opposition groups.
Karim was born in Kirkuk in 1949, and lived in Kirkuk until he completed secondary school, when upon he moved to Mosul, where he studied medicine at the Mosul Medical College. Karim became involved in politics at university, being elected to the leadership of the Kurdish Student Union in 1971, and then later joining the peshmerga in 1972.
Karim left Iraq in 1975. He later completed neurosurgery training at George Washington University, and started his own medical practice in the Washington, D.C. area. Karim became an American citizen and lived in The United States until 2009, when he returned to Kirkuk. In addition to Kurdish activism in the U.S., Karim was active in the Iraqi opposition aimed at removing the regime of Saddam Hussein.
Return to Iraq
Karim returned to Iraq in 2009 to stand for the Kurdistan Alliance in the parliamentary election, and was elected as a member of parliament for Kirkuk. He was subsequently elected as governor of Kirkuk Governorate by Kirkuk's Governorate Council on 29 March 2011. He was sworn in as the governor on 3 April 2011. Dr. Karim was the head of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan's Kirkuk list in the 2014 general elections where he drew enormous support across ethnic groups with over 200,000 votes. This led to the Kurdish dominance in provincial representation. Dr. Karim's non-partisan work for all Kirkukis became evident at the polls.
Following President Jalal Talabani's stroke on December 17, 2012. On September 14, 2017, Karim was removed from the governorship by Iraqi parliament for holding the Kurdish referendum in Kirkuk. Karim however stated he will not follow the dismissal order and will stay in office. The provincial council meanwhile condemned the decision of the parliament with council head Ribwar al-Talabani claiming only the council had the power to remove him. In October 2017, Karim had to leave the city of Kirkuk after Iranian backed militias and the Iraqi federal army entered the province.
Karim has both Iraqi and American citizenship, and prior to his return to Iraq lived in The United States with his wife and family, where he ran his medical practice. Karim was a member of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, up until 16 October 2017 when he left the party after major elements within betrayed Kurdistan and specifically Kirkuk.
- Ali, Aram. "Kirkuk's New Governor Sworn In". Rudaw. Archived from the original on 6 April 2011.
- "Kurdish forces attack Islamic State west of Kirkuk". The Japan Times Online. 10 March 2015.
- "Iraq dismisses Kirkuk governor amid dispute with Kurds". The Hindu. 14 September 2017.
- "Iraqi parliament votes to remove kirkuk governor from office: lawmakers". Reuters. 14 September 2017. Retrieved 2017-10-16.
- "New Kirkuk Governor, Council Chief, elected". Aswat al-Iraq. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011.
- Raya Jalabi; Ulf Laessing (14 September 2017). "Western powers press Iraq Kurd leaders to shelve 'very risky' independence vote". Reuters. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
- Mahmoud Barakat; Hussein al-Amir (19 September 2017). "Kirkuk council blasts parliament bid to remove governor". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
- "As Kirkuk's Governor Is Forced to Flee, Iran Moves In". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2017-10-19.
- Gowen, Annie. "In Iraq, a new breed of returning exile". Washington Post.