Najmiddin Karim

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Najmaldin Karim
Najmaldin Karim conference speech.jpg
Governor of Kirkuk
In office
3 April 2011[1] – 16 October 2017
Preceded byAbdul Rahman Mustafa
Member of the Council of Representatives
In office
7 March 2010 – 2 April 2011
Personal details
Born1949 (1949)
Kirkuk, Iraq
Died (aged 71)
Washington, D.C., United States
Cause of deathstroke following diagnosis of pancreatic cancer in fall of 2019
United States
Political partyIndependent
RelationsBakhtiyar (brother)
Azad (brother)
Children4 (Three sons and a daughter)
Alma materGeorge Washington University
University of Mosul
Military service
Years of service1972–1975

Najmiddin Karim (Kurdish: نەجمەدین کەریم; 1949 – 31 October 2020),[2] also known as Najmaldin Karim,[3][4] was an Iraqi Kurdish politician who was governor of Kirkuk Governorate from 2011 to 2017.[5] Prior to the invasion of Iraq, Karim had served in numerous Kurdish and Iraqi opposition groups.

Early years[edit]

Karim was born in Kirkuk in 1949, and lived there until he completed secondary school, when he moved to Mosul, where he studied medicine at the Mosul Medical College. Karim became involved in politics at university, being elected to the leadership of the Kurdish Student Union in 1971, and then later joining the Peshmerga in 1972.

Karim left Iraq in 1975. He later completed neurosurgery training at George Washington University, and started his own medical practice in the Washington, D.C. area. Karim became an American citizen and lived in the United States until 2009, when he returned to Kirkuk. In addition to Kurdish activism in the U.S., Karim was active in the Iraqi opposition aimed at removing the regime of Saddam Hussein. Dr. Karim co-founded the Kurdish National Congress of North America, established the Washington Kurdish Institute, worked with the Senate and State Department to provide Kurdish-language programming on Voice of America, and made frequent appearances on major news outlets.[6]

Return to Iraq[edit]

Karim returned to Iraq in 2009 to stand for the Kurdistan Alliance in the parliamentary election, and was elected as a member of parliament for Kirkuk. He was subsequently elected as governor of Kirkuk Governorate by Kirkuk's Governorate Council on 29 March 2011.[7] He was sworn in as the governor on 3 April 2011.[1] Dr. Karim was the head of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan's Kirkuk list in the 2014 general elections where he drew enormous support across ethnic groups with over 150,000 votes.[8] This led to the Kurdish dominance in provincial representation. Dr. Karim's non-partisan work for all Kirkukis became evident at the polls.[9]

On 14 September 2017, Karim was removed from the governorship by Iraqi parliament for holding the Kurdish referendum in Kirkuk.[10] Karim however stated he will not follow the dismissal order and will stay in office.[11] The provincial council meanwhile condemned the decision of the parliament with council head Ribwar al-Talabani claiming only the council had the power to remove him.[12] In October 2017, Karim had to leave the city of Kirkuk after Iranian backed militias and the Iraqi federal army entered the province.[13]

Baghdad also ordered his arrest in September 2017 in connection with the referendum. In the following May, the Kirkuk Court of Appeal issued a warrant for his arrest and an order to seize his assets.[14] He was accused of corruption in connection with Project "Kirkuk Eagle", which aimed to wirelessly monitor vehicle movements into and out of the province to prevent theft, which the court claimed was a fraud.[15] He was arrested in Lebanon in May 2019 on an Interpol request, although released after several days after Iraqi Kurdish officials intervened. In October, it was announced that the Supreme Anti-Corruption Council had referred his case to stand trial.[16]

Personal life[edit]

Karim had both Iraqi and American citizenship, and prior to his return to Iraq lived in the United States with his wife and family, where he ran his medical practice.[17] Karim was a member of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan until 16 October 2017, when he left the party.


On 31 October 2020, Karim died in hospital in the United States at the age of 71. He was diagnosed with Pancreatic Cancer around fall of 2019. Pancreatic cancer dramatically increases the chance of both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. [18] [19]


  1. ^ a b Ali, Aram. "Kirkuk's New Governor Sworn In". Rudaw. Archived from the original on 6 April 2011.
  3. ^ "Kurdish forces attack Islamic State west of Kirkuk". The Japan Times Online. 10 March 2015.
  4. ^ "Iraq dismisses Kirkuk governor amid dispute with Kurds". The Hindu. 14 September 2017.
  5. ^ Kurdistan24. "Ex-Kirkuk governor lands in Erbil after reports of his arrest in Lebanon". Kurdistan24. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  6. ^ "Gov. Najmaldin Karim Biography".
  7. ^ "New Kirkuk Governor, Council Chief, elected". Aswat al-Iraq. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011.
  8. ^ "Najmaldin Karim Refuses to Quit Iraq Presidential Race".
  9. ^ The Great Betrayal: How America Abandoned the Kurds and Lost the Middle East. David Philips.
  10. ^ "Iraqi parliament votes to remove kirkuk governor from office: lawmakers". Reuters. 14 September 2017. Retrieved 2017-10-16.
  11. ^ Raya Jalabi; Ulf Laessing (14 September 2017). "Western powers press Iraq Kurd leaders to shelve 'very risky' independence vote". Reuters. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  12. ^ Mahmoud Barakat; Hussein al-Amir (19 September 2017). "Kirkuk council blasts parliament bid to remove governor". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  13. ^ "As Kirkuk's Governor Is Forced to Flee, Iran Moves In". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2017-10-19.
  14. ^ "لهذا السبب اعتقل محافظ كركوك السابق في بيروت". (in Arabic). Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  15. ^ "Kirkuk court issues arrest warrant for ousted Najmaldin Karim". Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  16. ^ "Iraq protests: 9 former officials to face corruption charges". Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  17. ^ Gowen, Annie. "In Iraq, a new breed of returning exile". Washington Post.
  18. ^ "Iraq Kurdish ex-governor wanted for graft dies in US". 31 October 2020.
  19. ^ "Najmaldin Karim, 'one-man lobby' for Kurdish interests on Capitol Hill, dies at 71". 2 November 2020.