Nakagusuku Castle

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Nakagusuku Castle
Kitanakagusuku, Okinawa
Nakagusuku Castle25bs3104.jpg
Ruins of Nakagusuku Castle (west district)
Site information
Open to
the public
Site history
Builtaround 1440
Built byGosamaru
In useearly 1440-1611
MaterialsRyūkyūan limestone, wood
Battles/warsAttacked by Amawari (1458)
Garrison information
OccupantsGosamaru, Aji of Nakagusuku Magiri
CriteriaCultural: ii, iii, vi
Inscription2000 (24th Session)

Nakagusuku Castle (中城城, Nakagusuku jō, Okinawan: Nakagushiku) is a gusuku in the village of Kitanakagusuku, Okinawa, Japan. It is one of a number of castles built on the island of Okinawa by the Ryukyu Kingdom now in ruins. The legendary Ryukyuan commander, Gosamaru, built the fortress in the early 15th century to defend against attacks from the east by Lord Amawari of Katsuren Castle. Amawari attacked the castle in 1458 and defeated Gosamaru shortly before his own castle was attacked by Uni-Ufugusuku. The castle was visited by Commodore Matthew C. Perry in 1853, who noted that the walls seemed to be designed to absorb cannon fire. The six courtyards of this fortress with stacked stone walls make it a prime example of a gusuku. It was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2000. It is regarded as one of the 100 most famous castles in Japan.[1] Less than 50 metres (55 yards) away from the castle is the Nakagusuku Hotel ruins.



  1. ^ "Nakagusuku Castle Remains". Retrieved 2 April 2014.


  • Motoo, Hinago (1986). Japanese Castles. Tokyo: Kodansha. p. 200 pages. ISBN 0-87011-766-1.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°17′02″N 127°48′05″E / 26.28389°N 127.80139°E / 26.28389; 127.80139