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|Nakajima Ki-201 Karyu|
|Role||Jet Fighter Aircraft|
|Manufacturer||Nakajima Aircraft Company|
|Number built||Fuselage built. Aircraft incomplete.|
|Developed from||Nakajima J9Y|
The Karyu began as an in-house project by Nakajima in early 1945 to apply what was being learned about jet aircraft from the Nakajima Kikka attack aircraft to a fighter design. The Kikka had been inspired by the successful German Messerschmitt Me 262, but the similarities to that aircraft were limited to general configuration. On the other hand, the design team led by Iwao Shibuya based the Karyu far more closely on the German aircraft, which had already proven itself quite formidable.
Nakajima attempted to interest the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force in the aircraft, and seems to have succeeded at least far enough to have had an official designation ("Ki-201") applied to it, but at that point, the Army had already decided to pursue derivatives of the liquid-fueled rocket powered Mitsubishi J8M, designated Mitsubishi Ki-200 and Mitsubishi Ki-202, as their way of fending off the B-29 Superfortress raids. It seems that the Navy was also approached, but displayed no interest.
Undaunted, Nakajima continued development, anticipating test flights by December 1945. Most sources agree that work on the prototype had not yet begun by the time of the Japanese surrender.
Proposed versions for Japanese Army development of the Nakajima Ki-201 Karyu were an interceptor – equivalent to the Me 262A-1a – and a fighter-bomber – equivalent to the Me 262A-2a. The powerplant would have been the 8.9 kN (2,001 lb) Ishikawajima Ne-130 turbojet or the 8.7 kN (1,951 lbf) Ne-230 turbojet.
Specifications (planned specification)
- Crew: 1
- Length: 11.5 m (37 ft 9 in)
- Wingspan: 13.7 m (44 ft 11 in)
- Height: 4.69 m (15 ft 5 in)
- Wing area: 25 m2 (270 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 4,500 kg (9,921 lb)
- Gross weight: 7,000 kg (15,432 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Ishikawajima Ne-230 turbojet engines, 8.68 kN (1,951 lbf) thrust each
- Maximum speed: 852 km/h (529 mph, 460 kn)
- Range: 980 km (610 mi, 530 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: 12.9 m/s (2,540 ft/min)
- Interceptor: 2 × 30 mm (1.18 in) Ho-155 cannon and 2 × 20 mm Ho-5 cannon
- Fighter bomber: as interceptor, plus 1 × 500kg (1,102 lb) or 800 kg (1,764 lb) bomb
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Francillon, René J. Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. London, Putnam & Company, 1970 (Second edition 1979). ISBN 0-370-30251-6.
- Green, William. War Planes of the Second World War: Fighters, Volume Three. London: Macdonald, 1961 (Seventh impression 1973). ISBN 0-356-01447-9.
- Mikesh, Robert C. Kikka, Monogram Close-Up 19. Bolyston, Massachusetts: Monogram Aviation Publications, 1979. ISBN 0-914144-19-7.
- Unknown Author. Famous Aircraft of the World, first series, no.76: Japanese Army Experimental Fighters (1). Japan: Bunrin-Do Co. Ltd., August 1976.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nakajima Ki-201.|
- The Nakajima Ki-201 Karyu – j-aircraft.org