Nakajima A2N

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Role Carrier-borne fighter
Manufacturer Nakajima Aircraft Company
Designer Takao Yoshida
First flight 1929
Introduction 1932
Primary user Imperial Japanese Navy
Produced 1932-1936 (A2N)
Number built approx 100 (A2N) + 66 (A3N)

The Nakajima A2N or Navy Type 90 Carrier-based fighter was a Japanese carrier-borne fighter of the 1930s. It was single-engine, biplane of mixed construction, with a fixed, tailwheel undercarriage.

Design and development[edit]

The A2N was originally developed as a private venture by Nakajima for the Imperial Japanese Navy. It was based loosely on the Boeing Model 69 and Boeing Model 100, examples of both having been imported in 1928 and 1929 respectively. Takao Yoshida led the design team. Two prototypes, designated 'Type 90 Carrier fighter' in anticipation of Navy acceptance were ready by December 1929.[1] Powered by Bristol Jupiter VI engines, these were rejected, not being regarded as offering a significant improvement over the A1N.[2]

Jingo Kurihara carried out a partial redesign and another prototype, the A2N1, powered by a 432 kW (580 hp) Nakajima Kotobuki 2, was completed in May 1931. The type was adopted by the Navy in April 1932.[2] In 1932, Minoru Genda formed a flight demonstration team known as "Genda's Flying Circus" to promote naval aviation and flew this type.

A two-seat trainer was later developed from the Type 90 as the A3N1 and 66 of these were built between 1936 and 1939.[2]

Operational history[edit]

The Type 90 was shipped aboard the Hōshō, Kaga and Ryūjō.


  • A2N
    • A2N1 - (Type 90-I) - Gun is located in both sides of the nose. Few production.
    • A2N2 - (Type 90-II) - Transferred to the upper surface of the nose position of the gun, the fuel tank has been mounted on the body side.
    • A2N3 - (Type 90-III) - principal production variant. 5° of dihedral on upper mainplane.
      • A3N3-1 - two-seat trainer

Specifications (A2N1)[edit]

Data from Japanese Aircraft, 1910-1941;[2] The Complete Book of Fighters[3]

General characteristics



See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists


  • Green, William; Gordon Swanborough (1994). The Complete Book of Fighters. New York: Smithmark. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8. 
  • Mikesh, Robert C.; Shorzoe Abe (1990). Japanese Aircraft, 1910-1941. London: Putnam Aeronautical Books. ISBN 0-85177-840-2.