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Nakano, Nagano

Coordinates: 36°44′31.2″N 138°22′9.9″E / 36.742000°N 138.369417°E / 36.742000; 138.369417
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

former Nakano Jin'ya
former Nakano Jin'ya
Flag of Nakano
Official seal of Nakano
Location of Nakano in Nagano Prefecture
Location of Nakano in Nagano Prefecture
Nakano is located in Japan
Coordinates: 36°44′31.2″N 138°22′9.9″E / 36.742000°N 138.369417°E / 36.742000; 138.369417
RegionChūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
 • Total112.18 km2 (43.31 sq mi)
 (March 2019)
 • Total42,664
 • Density380/km2 (990/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
• TreeApple
• FlowerPaeonia lactiflora
Phone number0269-22-2111
Address1-3-19 Miyoshi-cho, Nakano-shi, Nagano-ken 383-8614
WebsiteOfficial website
Nakano city hall

Nakano (中野市, Nakano-shi) is a city located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2019, the city had an estimated population of 42,664 in 15649 households,[1] and a population density of 380 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 112.18 square kilometres (43.31 sq mi).



Located in the northern end of the Zennoji Plain of northern Nagano prefecture, Nakano is located on the Chikuma River and is surrounded by mountains. The weather in Nakano varies greatly over the seasons.

Surrounding municipalities




Nakano has a climate characterized by characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Nakano is 12.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1406 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around -0.4 °C.[2]



Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Nakano has remained relatively constant over the past 70 years.

Historical population
1940 36,123—    
1950 46,821+29.6%
1960 44,036−5.9%
1970 43,111−2.1%
1980 44,895+4.1%
1990 46,468+3.5%
2000 47,845+3.0%
2010 45,643−4.6%
2020 42,338−7.2%



The area of present-day Nakano was part of ancient Shinano Province. The area was part of the tenryō (direct holdings) of the Tokugawa shogunate during the Edo period and was administered from Nakano jin'ya. Nakano was the capital of "Nakano Prefecture" form 1870 to 1871, when it was merged with Nagano Prefecture. The modern town of Nakano was established on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the municipalities system. It was elevated to city status on July 1, 1955 by the merger of the town with neighboring villages of Hino, Entoku, Nagaoka, Hiraoka, Takaoka, Shinano, and Yamato.

On April 1, 2005, the village of Toyota (from Shimominochi District) was merged into Nakano.



Nakano has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 20 members.



The city of Nakano is supported largely by its agricultural industry. Nakano boasts high quality fruits and vegetables, including Fuji apples, Kyohō grapes, peaches, pears, rice, asparagus, and mushrooms. It is Japan's largest producer of Enokitake mushrooms.[4] The city is also well known for its roses. The biannual rose festival in Ippongi Park displays thousands of rose plants, and attracts tourists from all over Japan. Nakano City has experienced significant growth since the Nagano 1998 Winter Olympics. Located near many popular ski areas, Nakano's economy is augmented by the ski-tourism industry.

Nakano is home to Cosina Co., Ltd, a designer and manufacturer of camera and lenses.



Nakano has 11 public elementary schools and four public middle schools run by the city. There are two public high schools under the Nagano Prefectural Board of Education.







Local attractions


Sports teams


In 2007, Nakano became home to the Shinano Grand Serows, a baseball team in the Japanese BC League (Baseball Challenge League).

Notable people from Nakano



  1. ^ Nakano City official statistics(in Japanese)
  2. ^ Nakano climate data
  3. ^ Nakano population statistics
  4. ^ Campbell, Allen; Nobel, David S (1993). Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Kodansha. p. 1040. ISBN 406205938X.

Media related to Nakano, Nagano at Wikimedia Commons