Nakhon Phanom

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Nakhon Phanom
นครพนม
Nakhon Phanom is located in Thailand
Nakhon Phanom
Nakhon Phanom
Coordinates: 17°24′25″N 104°46′51″E / 17.40694°N 104.78083°E / 17.40694; 104.78083
CountryThailand
ProvincesNakhon Phanom Province
AmphoeMueang Nakhon Phanom District
Elevation
149 m (489 ft)
Population
 (2006)
27,591
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)

Nakhon Phanom (Thai: นครพนม, pronounced [ná(ʔ).kʰɔ̄ːn pʰā.nōm]) is a town (thesaban mueang) in northeastern Thailand, capital of Nakhon Phanom Province. The town covers tambons Nai Mueang and Nong Saeng and parts of tambons At Samat and Nong Yat, all in Mueang Nakhon Phanom District. As of 2006, it had a population of 27,591. This town is located 736 kilometres (457 mi) northeast of Bangkok.

Geography[edit]

Nakhon Phanom is on the right (west) bank of the Mekong River. The Laotian town of Thakhek lies on the other side of the Mekong. A 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) long lake lies to the west of the city. The towns are joined by the Third Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge.

Climate[edit]

Nakhon Phanom has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are dry and warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is hot with the average daily maximum at 35.1 °C (95.2 °F). The monsoon season runs from May through October, with heavy rain and somewhat cooler temperatures during the day, although nights remain warm.

Climate data for Nakhon Phanom (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.3
(97.3)
38.3
(100.9)
41.3
(106.3)
42.0
(107.6)
40.3
(104.5)
37.5
(99.5)
36.4
(97.5)
36.5
(97.7)
36.0
(96.8)
35.4
(95.7)
35.8
(96.4)
35.5
(95.9)
42.0
(107.6)
Average high °C (°F) 29.4
(84.9)
31.3
(88.3)
33.7
(92.7)
35.1
(95.2)
33.7
(92.7)
32.2
(90.0)
31.6
(88.9)
31.2
(88.2)
31.8
(89.2)
31.7
(89.1)
30.6
(87.1)
28.8
(83.8)
31.8
(89.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.2
(72.0)
24.4
(75.9)
27.0
(80.6)
29.0
(84.2)
28.4
(83.1)
27.8
(82.0)
27.3
(81.1)
27.0
(80.6)
27.1
(80.8)
26.4
(79.5)
24.4
(75.9)
22.0
(71.6)
26.1
(79.0)
Average low °C (°F) 16.3
(61.3)
19.0
(66.2)
21.8
(71.2)
24.3
(75.7)
24.7
(76.5)
24.7
(76.5)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75.0)
22.4
(72.3)
19.4
(66.9)
16.2
(61.2)
21.8
(71.2)
Record low °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
9.0
(48.2)
8.2
(46.8)
16.3
(61.3)
18.8
(65.8)
21.4
(70.5)
21.8
(71.2)
21.5
(70.7)
20.5
(68.9)
14.7
(58.5)
11.1
(52.0)
4.3
(39.7)
4.3
(39.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 3.0
(0.12)
31.0
(1.22)
60.1
(2.37)
101.1
(3.98)
257.1
(10.12)
409.5
(16.12)
503.0
(19.80)
580.3
(22.85)
290.2
(11.43)
97.0
(3.82)
9.7
(0.38)
4.8
(0.19)
2,346.8
(92.39)
Average rainy days 0.9 3.8 5.9 8.8 17.8 22.5 24.6 26.1 17.8 9.0 2.2 0.9 140.3
Average relative humidity (%) 67 67 66 69 78 84 86 88 84 76 70 68 75
Mean monthly sunshine hours 272.8 243.0 238.7 204.0 158.1 117.0 120.9 117.8 144.0 198.4 252.0 257.3 2,324
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.8 8.6 7.7 6.8 5.1 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.8 6.4 8.4 8.3 6.4
Source 1: Thai Meteorological Department[1]
Source 2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[2]

Transportation[edit]

Route 212 runs from Nong Khai along the Mekong River through Nakhon Phanom to Mukdahan, and then south to Ubon Ratchathani. Route 22 leads west through Sakhon Nakhon to Udon Thani.

Nakhon Phanom is served by Nakhon Phanom Airport, 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) west of downtown.[3]

Education[edit]

The town is home to Nakhon Phanom University, which was formed in 2005 by the merger of several local schools, including the former Nakhon Phanom Rajabhat University.

Sports[edit]

Nakhon Phanom is home to the Madgoat Basketball Club, which plays in the Thailand Basketball League, the country's highest division.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 10. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  2. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 46. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Nakhon Phanom Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 3 February 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 17°24′25″N 104°46′51″E / 17.40694°N 104.78083°E / 17.40694; 104.78083