Nakhon Ratchasima Province
||This article is written like a travel guide rather than an encyclopedic description of the subject. (January 2015)|
|Nakhon Ratchasima Province|
Statue of Lady Mo in Khorat city centre
Map of Thailand highlighting Nakhon Ratchasima Province
|Capital||Nakhon Ratchasima City|
|• Governor||Rapee Phongbupakit (since October 2010)|
|• Total||20,494 km2 (7,913 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 1st|
|• Rank||Ranked 2nd|
|• Density rank||Ranked 34th|
|Time zone||ICT (UTC+7)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-30|
Nakhon Ratchasima (Thai: นครราชสีมา), often called Korat (Thai: โคราช; rtgs: Khorat), is one of the northeast provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are (clockwise, from north) Chaiyaphum, Khon Kaen, Buriram, Sa Kaeo, Prachinburi, Nakhon Nayok, Saraburi, and Lopburi.
The province is at the west end of the Khorat Plateau, separated from the Chao Phraya river valley by the Phetchabun and Dong Phaya Yen mountain ranges. Two national parks are in the province: Khao Yai in the west and Thap Lan in the south. Both parks are in the forested mountains of the Sankamphaeng Range, the southern prolongation of the Dong Phaya Yen mountains
Nakhon Ratchasima, or "Khorat," is a large province on the northeastern plateau and acts as a gateway to other provinces in the northeast. It is 259 kilometres (161 mi) from Bangkok and has an area of around 20,494 square kilometres (7,913 sq mi), making it the largest Thai province. The province is rich in Khmer culture and has a long history.
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The area around Khorat was already an important centre in the times of the Khmer empire in the 11th century, as can be seen by the temple ruins in Phimai historical park. Nakhon Ratchasima Province is one of the provinces where there is still a sizable Northern Khmer population.
A new walled-city with a surrounding moat, designated as Nakhon Ratchasima, was built in the 17th century by order of the King Narai, as the easternmost "command post", guarding the kingdom's border. It continued this duty during the Bangkok Period, although it was briefly seized during Chao Anuwong of Vientiane's 1826 revolt against King Rama III of Siam.
Nakhon Ratchasima has long been the most important political and economic centre in the northeastern region. In the late-19th century, the railroad reached Khorat and it became the junction of two main rail lines in the northeastern, Isan, region. In 1933 it was the stronghold of the royalist troops in the Boworadej Revolt, as they fought against the new ostensibly democratic government in Bangkok. In the 1950s, the Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base was built in Nakhon Ratchasima; from 1961 until 26 February 1976, this facility was also used as a base by the United States Air Force.
The Korat is a natural breed, and one of the oldest stable cat breeds. Originating in Thailand, it is named after the Nakhon Ratchasima province (typically called "Korat" by the Thai people). In Thailand the breed is known as Si-Sawat, meaning "colour of the sawat seed". They are known colloquially as the "good luck cat" and are given in pairs to newlyweds or to people who are highly esteemed, for good luck. Until recently, Korats were not sold, but only given as gifts.
Korats first appeared in Britain under the name "Blue Siamese" in 1889 and 1896, but as these solid blue cats did not conform to the cat show judges' perception of a Siamese cat they disappeared by 1901. One early import, "Dwina", owned by Russian Blue breeder Mrs Constance Carew-Cox and mentioned in Frances Simpson's The Book of the Cat (1903), reputedly produced a large number of "Siamese" kittens; the other, Mrs B. Spearman's Blue Siamese male, "Nam Noi", was disqualified as a Siamese, but accepted in the Russian or Any Other Blue class in which he placed first (WR Hawkins, "Around the Pens" July 1896). Spearman tried unsuccessfully to import more of these "Blue Siamese".
Korats first appeared in America in the 1950s. In 1959, Cedar Glen cattery was the first to import a pair of Korats to the US for breeding: a male named Nara and a female named Darra. The Korat was introduced to the UK by Betty Munford of the High Street, Hungerford.
A monument to Thao Suranari (real name: Khun Ying Mo; 1771–1852) stands in front of the old Pratu Chumpon gate. Also called "The Great Heroine of Khorat", Kun Ying Mo was the wife of the Siamese-appointed deputy governor of Khorat during the reign of King Rama III. In 1826, Khun Ying Mo managed to repel the Laotian army led by Prince Anouvong of Vientiane who tried to reinstate control over the Khorat plateau. King Rama III conferred the title of Thao Suranari on Khun Ying Mo, as well as additional ones honouring her bravery.
The provincial tree is the sa-thorn (Millettia leucantha Kurz)
The provincial motto is "Land of brave women, fine silk material, Khorat rice noodles, Phimai Historical Park, and Dan Kwian ceramics".
- Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima
- Khon Buri
- Soeng Sang
- Ban Lueam
- Chok Chai
- Dan Khun Thot
- Non Thai
- Non Sung
- Kham Sakaesaeng
- Bua Yai
- Pak Thong Chai
- Huai Thalaeng
- Chum Phuang
- Sung Noen
- Kham Thale So
- Pak Chong
- Nong Bun Mak
- Kaeng Sanam Nang
- Non Daeng
- Wang Nam Khiao
- Mueang Yang
- Phra Thong Kham
- Lam Thamenchai
- Bua Lai
- Chaloem Phra Kiat
- As of May 15, 2007, the government has upgraded all 81 king amphoe to amphoe to streamline administration.
Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima
Dan Khun Thot
Pak Thong Chai
Kaeng Sanam Nang
Wang Nam Khiao
Phra Thong Kham
Kham Thale So
Chaloem Phra Kiat
Roads Highway 2 (Mittraphap Road) is the main route that connects nine districts in Nakhon Ratchasima including Muang district. This route also connects Nakhon Ratchasima to Saraburi and Khon Kaen Provinces. Hwy 24 links Si Khio district from Hwy 2 to Pak Thongcha, Chok Chai, and Nong Bunnak districts and to Buriram Province.
Rail systems The railway system in Nakhon Ratchasima is on both northeastern routes from Hua Lampong central terminal. Nakhon Ratchasima Province has 8 main railway stations.
Bus service Minibus and bus routes operate in the city and nearby areas. There are non air-conditioned buses from the provincial town which go to every district. As for travel to nearby provinces, there are both air and non air-conditioned ones.
Songthaew Songthaews are the most popular mode of public transportation in all the town districts. These run on fixed routes.
Taxi Taxis are plentiful, clean, safe, and inexpensive in Khorat. They can be found at taxi stands in the city areas or hailed on the streets. There are also certain taxis that can be requested by phone, however, the fare is slightly higher than regular taxis. An increasing number of taxi drivers nowadays speak some English which may prove extremely useful for first-time visitors. The fare system is based on both distance and time. Fares begin at 30 baht for the first 2 kilometres.
Motorbike-taxi Motorbike taxis are found mainly in the town areas and are used mainly for short distances.
Airport Nakhon Ratchasima has one airport, but as of June 2007, it had no scheduled flights. The nearest airport is in Buriram and has flights to and from Bangkok.
There are four universities in the area.
- Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University
- Rajamangala University of Technology Isan
- Suranaree University of Technology
- Vongchavalitkul University
- Ratchasima Wittayalai School 1
- Ratchasima Wittayalai School 2
- Saint Mary's College Nakhon Ratchasima
- Suranaree Witthaya 1
- Suranaree Witthaya 2
- Boonwatthana 1
- Boonwatthana 2
- Phimai Witthaya
- Assumption School Nakhon Ratchasima
- Fort Surathamphithak School
- Phoowittaya school (Lab school project)
- Plookpanya school
- Koratpittayakom school
- Wangrongnoi school
- St.Stephen's International School (SIS) (Khao Yai Campus)
- Adventists International Mission School (AIMS) (Nakhon Ratchasima Campus)
- Anglo Singapore International School (Korat Campus)
- Maharaj Nakhon Ratchasima General Hospital
- Nakhon Ratchasima General Hospital (Khok Kruad sub-district)
- Bangkok-Ratchasima Hospital
- Fort. Suranari General Hospital
- St.Mary Hospital
- Khorat Memorial
- Por-Phat Hospital
- The Golden Gate Hospital
- Wing 1 Hospital
- Hua Ta Lae Hospital (Hua Ta Lae sub-district)
- Tesco Lotus
- Outlet Village Khao Yai (Pak Chong)
- Landlines provided by TOT and TT&T
- IDD phones provided by CAT
- Mobiles provided by AIS GSM, DTAC, TRUE and HUTCH
- Internet / High-speed internet (ADSL) provided by TOT, CAT and TT&T. Internet cafes can be found everywhere in the town/markets
- Post offices are available in every district of Nakhon Ratchasima.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nakhon Ratchasima Province.|
- Nakhon Ratchasima travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Province page from the Tourist Authority of Thailand
- Official website
- Nakhon Ratchasima provincial map, coat of arms and postal stamp Archived January 3, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
- Khao Yai National Park
||Lopburi Province||Chaiyaphum Province||Khon Kaen Province|
|Saraburi Province||Buriram Province|
|Nakhon Nayok Province||Prachin Buri Province||Sa Kaew Province|