Nakodar

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Nakodar
Town
Tomb of the Ustads
Tomb of the Ustads
Nakodar is located in Punjab
Nakodar
Nakodar
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 31°08′N 75°28′E / 31.13°N 75.47°E / 31.13; 75.47Coordinates: 31°08′N 75°28′E / 31.13°N 75.47°E / 31.13; 75.47
Country  India
State Punjab
District Jalandhar
Population (2001)
 • Total 31,422
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website jalandhar.nic.in/html/cities_towns_nakodar.htm

Nakodar (pronounced Nuh-Koh-Durh; Punjabi: ਨਕੋਦਰ)[needs IPA] is a town and a municipal council in Jalandhar district in the Indian state of Punjab.

The city is almost 365 km from Delhi, 25 km from Jalandhar, 49 km from Ludhiana, and about 101 km from Amritsar. Surrounding villages include Chak Mughlani, Maheru, Allowal, Mehatpur (Hari pur) (Bhullar) Nawan Pind Jattan, Heran, Bir Pind, Shankar, Nur Pur Chatha, Sarih, Malri and Khanpur Dhadda.

The town is well paved and has thriving appearances and currently forms a Tehsil of District Jalandhar. Outside the town, there are two large and handsome tombs dating at least from the times of Emperor Jahangir, later one of them is said to be the burial place of the adviser of Emperor Shah Jahan, but it is not known who stand buried in the earlier tomb.

Origin of name[edit]

The name Nakodar, according to one account, is a said to be derived from the Persian words Neki ka dar, which mean Gate of Goodness or Virtue and it was named so by the Persian Kambohs. According to another version, the town was so-named after Nikudari legion of the Mongols.[1]

History[edit]

Tombs of Ustad in Nakodar
Tomb at Nakodar

The town is of considerable antiquity and had been held in succession by three different races, the Arain, Jatts, Kambojs, and then by the muslim Rajputs, traces of whom still exist in the extensive ruins by which the town is surrounded. The town was anciently founded by the Hindu Kamboh, according to Sir William Wilson Hunter and others.[2][3][4][5][6] The Kamboh settlements lay to the west of present town and the sites are still marked by extensive ruins and two old fine tombs, now called the Black and Red Domes, from the color of the material. Tradition attributes the Kamboh expulsion to the Nawab Kutb Khan who came with an army from Indor near Nuh in 1570 AD.[2] As a consequence, the lordship of the town thus passed over to the Khanzadaas from the Kamboj tribe. Within two generations, the Rajputs got the town in jagir from Emperor Jahangir, in later sixteenth century, apparently divesting the Khanzadahs, the successor race to the Kambohs. The Rajputs were themselves later ousted during Sikh period by one Sardar Tara Singh Ghaiba who made a fort and made himself the master of the surroundings. From Ghaiba, the town was seized by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1816.

Geography[edit]

Nakodar is located at 31°08′N 75°28′E / 31.13°N 75.47°E / 31.13; 75.47.[7] It has an average elevation of 223 metres (731 feet). Nakodar lies on Moga-Jalandhar section of National Highway 703 (NH 703).

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2001 India census, Nakodar had a population of 31,422. Males constituted 53% of the population and females 47%. Nakodar had an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy was 69%.[8]


Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Journal of Asiatic Society of Bengal, Vol. LXI, p. 298.
  2. ^ a b Punjab gazetteers, 1883, bound in 10 vols., without title-leaves, 1883, p. 159, Punjab
  3. ^ Punjab District Gazetteers, 1970, p. 496, Punjab (India).
  4. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1886, p. 180, Sir William Wilson Hunter.
  5. ^ Gazetteer Jalandhar, First Edition, 1980, Chapter XIX, Places of Interest.
  6. ^ Encyclopedia of Jalandhar: Jalandhar, 2004, p. 38, Harajindar Siṅgha Dilagīr.
  7. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Nakodar
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]