The Naksat cities are a chain of twelve inter-linked cities or Mueang of the ancient Malay Kingdom of Tambralinga. The cities acted as an outer shield, surrounding the capital Nakorn Si Thammarat, and were connected by land so that help could be sent from one city to another in the event of surprise attacks.
The term Naksat refers to the Lunar calendar system, the Naksat Pi, which is based on a duodenary cycle of years, with each year being associated with a particular animal.
Eleven of the twelve cities have been identified and are all located on the Malay Peninsula. The eleven cities with their associated animal "years" are Narathiwat (Rat), Pattani (Ox), Kelantan (Tiger), Kedah (Dragon), Patalung (Snake), Trang (Horse), Chumporn (Goat), Krabi (Monkey), Kanchanadit (Rooster), Phuket or Takuapa (Dog) and Kraburi (Pig). The missing city, Muang Pahang, is associated with the Year of the Rabbit. It has also been speculated that Kota Gelanggi is the twelfth city.
- M.C. Chand Chirayu Rajani. "Background To The Sri Vijaya Story-Part I" (PDF).
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