Nakuru Agreement

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This article is about the agreement signed in 1975. For the peace accord signed in 2012, see Nakuru County Peace Accord.

The Nakuru Agreement, signed on June 21, 1975, in Nakuru, Kenya, was an attempt to salvage the Alvor Agreement, which granted Angola independence from Portugal and established a transitional government. While the Nakuru Agreement did produce a truce between the three nationalist movements—the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA), and National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA)—it was a fragile truce that dissolved on July 9, 1975.[1]


The three principal separatist leaders, MPLA's Agostinho Neto, UNITA's Jonas Savimbi, and the FNLA's Holden Roberto met in Nakuru from June 15-21. Kenyan President Jomo Kenyatta moderated the negotiations. The leaders "denounce[d] the use of force as a means of solving problems" and again agreed to put down their arms and disarm civilians.[2]


  1. ^ McDannald, Alexander Hopkins. The Americana Annual: An Encyclopedia of Current Events, 1976. Page 86.
  2. ^ Wright, George (1997). The Destruction of a Nation: United States' Policy Towards Angola Since 1945. Pluto Press. pp. 60–61. ISBN 9780745310299. 

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