|• Total||51.28 km2 (19.80 sq mi)|
|Elevation||494 m (1,621 ft)|
|• Density||24/km2 (62/sq mi)|
|Postal code||341 01 to 341 73|
Nalžovské Hory is a town of Klatovy District within the Plzeň region of the Czech Republic. The municipality was established in 1951 by the merger of Stříbrné Hory (German: Silberberg) with Nalžovy (Ellischau).
Nalžovské Hory is situated in southwestern Bohemia, in the foothills of the Bohemian Forest, approximately 21 kilometres (13 mi) east of Klatovy, 48 km (30 mi) south of the regional capital Plzeň, and 105 km (65 mi) south-west of Prague.
The town covers an area of 51.28 square kilometres (19.80 sq mi), and has a population of 1,237 (as at 28 August 2006). It comprises the districts of Krutěnice, Letovy, Miřenice, Nalžovy, Neprochovy, Otěšín, Sedlečko, Stříbrné Hory, Těchonice, Ústaleč, Velenovy, Zahrádka, and Žďár.
Nalžov in the Kingdom of Bohemia was first mentioned in a 1379 deed, then a possession of the Lords of Paběnice. After King Vladislaus II had granted miming privileges (Bergregal), the neighbouring settlement of Silberberg was established by German miners in 1521 and elevated to a separate royal mining community in 1530.
The mines were depleted in the late 17th century and abandoned. In 1769 the Ellischau estates were acquired by Nicholas Taaffe, 6th Viscount Taaffe, chamberlain to Empress Maria Theresa, from the compensation he had received for his seized Irish possessions. The Viscounts Taaffe had an artificial ruin resembling their former Irish family home, Ballymote Castle, built in the nearby Prašivice Forest about 1840.
Incorporated into the Austrian Empire in 1804, Ellischau and Silberberg from 1850 formed two separate municipalities within the district of Klattau. Silberberg was raised to the status of a town in 1853.
- Eduard Taaffe, 11th Viscount Taaffe (1833-1895), Austrian politician, died at Ellischau Castle
- Karel Klostermann (1848-1923), writer, attended school in Silberberg
- Henry Taaffe, 12th Viscount Taaffe (1872-1928), died at Ellischau Castle
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