Nalgonda district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Nalgonda.
Nalgonda District
నల్లగొండ
Nallagonda
District of Telangana
Nalgonda District Montage. Clockwise from Top Left: Kolanpak Jain Temple Gopuram, Ancient Temples at Arrur Village, Rajapet Fort, Yadagirigutta temple Gopuram, Clock Tower center in Nalgonda Town, Nagarjunasagar Dam
Nalgonda District Montage. Clockwise from Top Left: Kolanpak Jain Temple Gopuram, Ancient Temples at Arrur Village, Rajapet Fort, Yadagirigutta temple Gopuram, Clock Tower center in Nalgonda Town, Nagarjunasagar Dam
Location in Telangana, India
Location in Telangana, India
Country India
State Telangana
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,483,648[1]
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration TS-05[2]
Website nalgonda.nic.in
Nalgonda Mandals and Assembly Constituencies Map
YadaGiri Gutta Temple

Nalgonda District is a district in the Telangana state of India. It has a population of 3,483,648 of which 13.32% is urban as of 2011.[1]

Etymology[edit]

Its name is derived from two Telugu words Nalla (Black) & Konda (Hills) i.e. Black Hills.[3]

History[edit]

Nalgonda was earlier referred to as Neelagiri, the name given by some Rajput rulers and the name was changed to Nallagonda only after its conquest by Allauddin Bahaman Shah, a Bahamani king.

Goddess Deity relief near Nagarjunakonda
Lateef Saheb Darga at Nalgonda

Telangana rebellion history[edit]

Main article: Telangana Rebellion

It has a major role in the Telangana Rebellion. Much of the struggle revolves round Nalgonda and Warangal districts alone and later spread to other regions as well. Almost all the villages in the district were involved in this. the movement was led by Andhra Maha Sabha and Communists. Martial law was imposed in the Dist. in 1946. Many people were killed by Razakars or by feudal lords and Nizam's armies. Some 3000–5000 villages were liberated and self-governing bodies were formed. Lands were distributed among the poor. Many feudal landlords " Jagirdaars " were killed or ripped of their properties. Battles raged between Communists and Razakars (and Nizam's armies). Finally this ended with Indian Forces "Police Action" and Telangana along with Hyderabad state is merged into Indian Union.

Many leaders like Bheemireddy Narasimha Reddy, Raavi Narayana Reddy, Mallu Swarajyam (woman revolutionary) and her husband, Arutla Ramachandra Reddy and his wife, poets like Bandi Yadagiri, Suddala Hanumanthu, etc. played an important role in the movement.

The district's (peoples) part in the rebellion is even immortalized in the poetry of the Movement which were popular then. These were used as a means to enlighten the common people about the revolt and its leaders. One such poem by Bandi Yadagiri (Venkepally Village Nuthankal Mandal), who penned the famous song " బండెనుక బండి కట్టి… ".

'సుట్టుముట్టూ సూర్యపేట, నట్టనడుమ నల్లగొండ నువ్వుండేది హైద్రబాదు దాని పక్క గోలుకొండ'..

Nalgonda District is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[4]

Geography[edit]

Nalgonda district occupies an area of approximately 14,200 square kilometres (5,500 sq mi),[5] comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's Flores.[6]

Towns in the district include: Aleru, Bhongir, Bhoodan Pochampally, Chandur, Chityal, Choutuppal, Devarakonda, Huzurnagar, Kanegal, Kattangur, Kodada, Miryalaguda, Mothkur, Nakrekal, Nalgonda, Narketpally, Rajapet, Ramannapeta, Suryapet and Yadagirigutta.

The rivers Krishna, Musi River, Aleru, Peddavagu, Dindi Halia River and Paleru flow through the Nalgonda district.

Minerals in the district include Limestone, Black & Color Granites.

Clean drinking water, water supply for irrigation and educational facilities for all are perhaps the most important problems Nalgonda faces right now.

Nearly 500 villages in Nalgonda district are affected by the high fluorine content in water. It is estimated that nearly 1 million people are affected by Fluorosis in Nalgonda district.

Parada village under Kattangur Mandal was suffering due to drinking water; almost all the villages were supplied with water from Krishna except this village.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Nalgonda district has a population of 3,483,648,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Panama[8] or the US state of Connecticut.[9] This gives it a ranking of 88th in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 245 inhabitants per square kilometre (630/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 7.26%.[7] Nalgonda has a sex ratio of 982 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 65.05%.[7]

Religions in Nalgonda district
Religion Percentage
Hindu
  
93.6%
Muslim
  
5%
Christian
  
1%
Others
  
0.4%

Household indicators[edit]

In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 1236 households in 43 villages across the district.[10] They found that 90.4% had access to electricity, 97% had drinking water, 29.1% toilet facilities, and 45.1% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[10] 37.5% of girls wed before the legal age of 18[11] and 87% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[10]

Economy[edit]

Pochampally fancy silk saris

In 2006 the Indian government named Nalgonda one of the country's 250 poorest districts (out of a total of 640).[12] It is one of the nine districts in Telangana currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[12]

Agriculture[edit]

Irrigation projects
Major crops

Major crops include Paddy, Pulses, mousambi/Lime (fruit), Millets & Oil Seeds.

Industry[edit]

Industries in the Nalgonda district are Silk, Jaggery, Leather, Cement factories, Pipes manufacturing & Cotton, Rice Business (Rice Mills).

Handlooms[edit]

The popular Pochampally Saris and Puttapaka Saris are made here.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The district is divided into five revenue divisions and are sub-divided into 59 mandals. The revenue divisions are Bhongir, Devarakonda, Miryalaguda, Nalgonda and Suryapet. Devarakonda is the new revenue division formed on 3 April 2003.[13][14] There are 7 towns in the district with 5 municipalities and 2 nagar panchayats.[15] The 5 municipalities are Bhongir, Kodad, Miryalaguda, Nalgonda, Suryapet and the 2 nagar panchayats are Devarakonda and Huzurnagar.[16]

Mandals[edit]

Nalgonda map

The below table categorizes 59 mandals into their respective revenue divisions in the district:

# Bhongir Division Devarakonda Division Nalgonda Division Miryalaguda Division Suryapet Division
1 Aler Chandampet Chandur Anumula Atmakur(s)
2 Atmakur (M) Chintapally Chityal Dameracherla Chilkur
3 Bhongir Devarakonda Kangal Garidepally Chivvemla
4 Bibinagar Gundlapally Kattangur Huzurnagar Jajireddigudem
5 Bommalaramaram Gurrampode Kethepally Mattampally Kodad
6 Choutuppal Marriguda Munugode Miryalaguda Mellachervu
7 Gundala Nampally Nakrekal Neredcherla Mothey
8 M.Turkapally Peddavoora Nalgonda Nidamanur Nadigudem
9 Mothkur Narayanapur Pedda Adiserla Pally Munagala
10 Pochampally Narketpally Tripuraram Nuthankal
11 Rajapet Shaligowraram Vemulapally Penpahad
12 Ramannapeta Thipparthy Suryapet
13 Valigonda Thirumalagiri
14 Yadagirigutta Thungathurthi

Villages[edit]

Villages in the Nalgonda district include:[18]

Landmarks[edit]

Nagarjunsagar dam

Some of the notable landmarks in the district are devotional Yadagirigutta Temple of Narasimha Temple, Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, Bhuvanangiri Fort, Pillalamarri Lord Shiva temple, Jain Mandir at Kolanupaka etc.

TSRTC Busbay at Nalgonda

Notable personalities[edit]

Tollywood actors Kanta Rao, Prabhakar Reddy, Venu Madhav, Uttej and lyricist Suddala Ashok Teja and noted film Telugu film directors N.Shankar are from Nalgonda district.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census GIS India". Censusindiamaps.net. Retrieved 2012-06-13. 
  2. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Nalgonda travel guide". World66.com. Retrieved 2012-06-13. 
  4. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  5. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Telangana: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  6. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Flores 14,154km2 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Panama 3,460,462 July 2011 est. 
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Connecticut 3,574,097 
  10. ^ a b c "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Telangana" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  11. ^ "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03. To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females. 
  12. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Ten new revenue divisions created". The Hindu. 4 April 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2016. 
  14. ^ "Division wise mandals list" (PDF). Official website of Nalgonda district. National Informatics Centre. pp. 11–12. Retrieved 15 February 2016. 
  15. ^ "District Census Handbook - Nalgonda" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 14–15, 46. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  16. ^ "Nalgonda district info". Official website of Nalgonda district. Archived from the original on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 15 February 2016. 
  17. ^ "No. of Gram Panchayats". Nalgonda.ap.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-06-13. 
  18. ^ "Nalgonda District Map". Retrieved 3 April 2016. 

External links[edit]