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Namdhari are a sect of Sikhism.
Namdhari Sikhs believe fully in all Sikh gurus from Guru Nanak Dev onwards and respect both Sri Aad and Dasam Guru's Granth Sahibs equally. Namdharis believe that Gobind Singh lived for 146 years (1666–1812), eventually bestowing the succession on Balak Singh of Hazro in 1812. Thus, Balak Singh became the 1st Namdhari Leader for the Namdharis.
His successor, the 2nd Namdhari Leader, Ram Singh (1816–1885), is revered in the Namdhari sect as arguably the most important Guru. His status in the Namdhari sect is similar to that of Guru Nanak Dev in mainstream
Role in Indian freedom movement
The British Indian records list the extremist activities of the Namdhari Sikhs during the 1870s. While they were occasionally hailed as freedom fighters, their activities included attacks on cow slaughter issue, resulting in killings of some Muslim butchers in Amritsar and Ludhiana in 1871. A group of 66 Namdhari Sikhs were blown up by a canon in 1872 for protesting against the British; there is a memorial to them at Namdhari Shidi Smarg Malerkotla in Indian Punjab.
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- Socio-religious reform movements in British India, Volume 3 By Kenneth W. Jones
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- The Asiatic review, Volume 15 By East India Association (London, England) page 275 .. the Namdhari, an extremist Sikh sect, not being found north or west of the ...
- Henry Schwarz; Sangeeta Ray (2004). A companion to postcolonial studies. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 261–. ISBN 978-0-631-20663-7.
- Singh, Bajinder Pal, 2005. After 133 years of anonymity, Kukar martyrs finally get a name