Names and titles of Muhammad

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Muhammad
Muhammad

The names and titles of Muhammad,[1] names and attributes of Muhammad,[2] 99 Names of Muhammad (Arabic: الاسماء النبى Al-ʾAsmāʾ Al-Nâbî) are the names of the Islamic prophet Muhammad used by Muslims, which are found mainly in the Qur’an and hadith literature.

Names and honorifics[edit]

Muhammad is often referenced with these titles of praise or epithet:

He is also known by these names:

  • The Comforter
  • Abu'l-Qasim, "Father of Al-Qasim"
  • Abu't-Tahir, "Father of the Pure"
  • Abu't-Tayyib, "Father of the Pleasant"
  • Abu `Abd Allah, "Father of Abd Allah"
  • Abu Ibrahim, "Father of Ibrahim"
  • Ibn `Abd al-Muttalib, "(Grand)Son of `Abd al-Muttalib"
  • Ahmad, "Most Deserving of Praise"[32]
  • Hamid, "Praiser (of God)"
  • Mahmood, "Praiseworthy"
  • `Abd-Allah, "Servant of Allah"[33]
  • Last Prophet[34]
  • Last Messenger[35]
  • Final Prophet[36]
  • Final Messenger[37]
  • The Walking Qur’an[38]

In Turkey, he is often called Hazrat (Saint) Muhammed, or "Peygamber Efendimiz".[39]

When spoken or written in English, Muhammad's name is conventionally followed by the honorific phrase Blessings of God be upon Him and Peace (often abbreviated "PBUH" or simply "p"). The phrase renders Arabic صلى الله عليه وسلم, which is also found transcribed acronymically as "SAWS", however Islamic Scholars repeatedly emphasize the need to say and write the blessing in full, wherever it is written, either as Arabic or one's own language, and the use of such acronyms is considered inappropriate. The practice of sending blessings and salutations upon the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, is encouraged by a well-known verse of the Holy Quran. [40]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Names and Titles of Prophet Muhammad". Journey of a Seeker Of Sacred Knowledge. January 20, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ Yeniterzi, Emine. "The Names and Attributes of Prophet Muhammad in Divine Literature". Last Prophet. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  3. ^ Quran 22:75
  4. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 4:52:237
  5. ^ Quran 33:22
  6. ^ Quran 10:08
  7. ^ Quran 9:128
  8. ^ Quran 68:4
  9. ^ "Ibn al-'Arabi, Muhyi al-Din (1164-1240)". Muslim Philosophy. Retrieved January 18, 2013.  4. The 'perfect man' and the Muhammadan reality
  10. ^ Quran 33:21
  11. ^ Quran 33:40
  12. ^ Quran 21:107
  13. ^ Quran 33:45
  14. ^ a b Quran 11:2
  15. ^ Quran 88:21
  16. ^ Quran 12:108
  17. ^ Quran 2:119
  18. ^ Quran 5:15
  19. ^ Quran 33:46
  20. ^ Quran 69:40
  21. ^ Quran 16:83
  22. ^ Quran 7:157–158
  23. ^ Quran 73:01
  24. ^ Quran 74:01
  25. ^ Sahih Muslim, 4:1859
  26. ^ a b Sahih al-Bukhari, 4:56:732
  27. ^ Quran 9:129
  28. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 4:56:732
  29. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 9:93:601
  30. ^ Quran 3:159Quran 4:64Quran 60:12
  31. ^ Quran 19:87Quran 20:109
  32. ^ Quran 61:6
  33. ^ Quran 25:1
  34. ^ Muhammad and Christ, Maulana Muhammad Ali - 2011
  35. ^ Muhammad The Messenger of God: M. Fethullah Gülen - 2014
  36. ^ Amīn Aḥsan Iṣlāḥī, Mohammad Saleem Kayani - 2007, Tafsir of Surah al-Fātihan and Surah al-Baqarah - Page 244
  37. ^ Islam for Beginners: What You Wanted to Ask But Didn't, p 13, Mirza Yawar Baig - 2011
  38. ^ Rahid, Qasim (1 March 2015). "9 Questions You Should Ask Yourself Before Converting to Islam". londondance.com. Retrieved 8 January 2015. 
  39. ^ Schimmel, Annemarie (1990). Islamic Names: An Introduction (Islamic Surveys). Edinburgh University Press. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-85224-563-7. 
  40. ^ "Islam / Muslim". Woodlands Junior. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Chiabotti, Francesco, Names, in Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of the Prophet of God (2 vols.), Edited by C. Fitzpatrick and A. Walker, Santa Barbara, ABC-CLIO, 2014. ISBN 1610691776