Names for the number 0

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

There are several names for the number 0 in different languages.

Chinese[edit]

The character 零 (pinyin: líng) means "zero" in Chinese, although 〇 is also common. Etymologically 零 is an onomatopoeic word for "light rain". The upper part of the character is 雨, meaning "rain", and the lower part is 令 (lìng), for the sound. [1]

Dutch[edit]

The name of the number 0 in Dutch is "nul" /nyl/.

English[edit]

French[edit]

The name of the number 0 in French is "zéro" /zeʁo/.

German[edit]

The name of the number 0 in German is "Null". (Although whether number names should be written capitalized – like all nouns are – or not is disputed.)

Greek[edit]

The name of the number 0 in Greek is "μηδέν" /miːðɛn/, literally meaning "not even one".

Hebrew[edit]

In Hebrew, zero is called אֶפֶס (efes).

Indonesian[edit]

The name of the number 0 in Indonesian language is "nol" /nɔl/, adopted from the Dutch word nul. In addition, people often pronounce it as "kosong" /kɔsɔŋ/, literally meaning 'empty', when spelling telephone numbers.

Japanese[edit]

The character 零 (read rei) means "zero" in Japanese, although 〇 is also common. However, in common usage, ゼロ/ぜろ (read zero) is preferred, as it is a direct adaptation of the English equivalent.

Korean[edit]

The name of the number 0 in Korean is Hangul; Hanja; RRyeong or Hangul; Hanja; RRgong.

Portuguese[edit]

The name of the number 0 in Portuguese is "zero". It is pronounced /zæro/.

Romanian[edit]

The name of the number 0 in Romanian is "zero".

Russian[edit]

The name of the number 0 in Russian is "ноль" or "нуль".

Turkish[edit]

The name of the number 0 in Turkish is "sıfır".[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chinese character etymology
  2. ^ Çoker, Doğan, and Timur Karaçay. Matematik Terimleri Sözlüğü. Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu Yayınları, 1983. Print.