Names of European cities in different languages (U–Z)

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This is an incomplete list of the names used for some major European cities in different (mostly) European languages. In some countries where there are two or more languages spoken, such as Belgium or Switzerland, dual forms may be used within the city itself, for example on signage. This is the case in Ireland also, despite a low level of actual usage of the Irish language. In other cases where a regional language is officially recognised, that form of the name may be used in the region, but not nationally. Examples include the Welsh language in Wales in the United Kingdom, and other languages in parts of Italy and Spain.

There is a slow trend to return to the local name, which has been going on for a long time. In English Livorno is now used, the old English form of Leghorn having become antiquated at least a century ago. In some cases, such as the replacement of Danzig with Gdansk, the official name has been changed in relatively recent times. The government of Ukraine has recently made great efforts to make the rest of the world say Kyiv rather than Kiev.

U[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Überlingen Iberlingen - Иберлинген (Russian, Serbian), Jibrovice (Czech), Überlingen (German, Romanian), Yübólíngēn - 于柏林根/與柏林根 (Mandarin)
Udine Baidn (Sappada and Sauris Bavarian German), Bain (Timau Bavarian German), Udin (Friulian*), Ùdin (Piedmontese*), Udine (Bosnian, Croatian*, Dutch*, Finnish*, French*, German*, Hungarian*, Italian*, Lombard*, Romanian*), Udine - Удине (Bulgarian*, Russian*, Serbian*), Udine - Удіне (Ukrainian*), Udine - Удзінэ (Belarusian*), Udine - 우디네 (Korean*), Údine (Portuguese*, Spanish*, Venetian*), Ūdine - ウーディネ (Japanese*), Udīne (Latvian*), Udinė (Lithuanian*), Ūdīneh - اودینه (Persian*), ʼŪdīniyy - أوديني (Arabic*), Udinum (Latin),[1] Utina (Latin),[1] Utinensis (Latin),[1] Utinum (Latin*),[1] Vedinum (Latin), Vidan (historical Slovene),[2] Videm (Czech, Slovenesl:Videm, Italija), Weiden (historic German), Weiden in Friaul (historic German*), Wūdínèi - 乌迪内/烏迪內 (Mandarin*)
Ulcinj Dulcigno (Italian), Ulcinj (Bosnian, Croatian, Montenegrin, Serbian, Slovene), Ulciň (Czech, Slovak), Ulqin (Albanian), Ulcinium or Olcinium (Latin), Ülgün (Turkish), Olokénion - Ολοκαίνιον (Greek)
Ulm Ulm (Azeri, Dutch, Finnish, German, Romanian, Turkish), Ulma (Italian, Latvian), Ulmas (Lithuanian), Wūmǔ - 乌姆/烏姆 (Mandarin)
Ulyanovsk Simbirsk (former name in French and German), Symbirsk (former name in Polish) Oulianovsk (French), Ulianovsk (Romanian), Uljanovsk (Finnish, Serbian, Slovene), Uļjanovska (Latvian), Uljanovskas (Lithuanian), Uljanowsk (German, Polish), Ulyanovsk (Azeri), Ulyanovsk - Ульяновск (Russian), Ulyanovsk - Уляновск (Bulgarian), Wūlǐyànuòfūsīkè - 乌里亚诺夫斯克/烏里亞諾夫斯克 (Mandarin)
Umag Umag (Bosnian, Croatian, Slovene, Finnish, Romanian), Umago (Italian), Wūmǎgé - 乌马格/烏馬格 (Mandarin)
Umeå Ubmeje (Ume Sami), Ubmi (Northern Sami), Umeå (Swedish), Upmeje (Southern Sami), Uumaja (Finnish), Umeo (Latvian), Wūméi'ào - 乌梅奥/烏梅奧 (Mandarin)
Uppsala Oupsála - Ουψάλα (Greek), Upsal (French, former German), Uppsala (Danish, Dutch, Finnish, German, Norwegian, Swedish), Uppsalir (Icelandic), Upsala (Azeri, Bosnian, Finnish alternate, Latvian, Romanian, Serbian), Upsalia (Latin), Upsália (Portuguese)*, Upsalla - 웁살라 (Korean), Upsalo (Esperanto), Wūpǔsàlā - 乌普萨拉/烏普薩拉 (Mandarin)
Utrecht Traiectum (Latin), Oetrècht/Utrècht (Gronings), Utereg / Uterech (local dialect), Utert (West Frisian), Utrech / Utrei (Limburgish), Utrecht (Afrikaans, Catalan, Croatian, Danish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Dutch, English, German, Finnish, Italian, Luxemburgish, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Welsh), Utrechtas (Lithuanian), Utreht - Утрехт (Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian), Utrehta (Latvian), Utréchti - Ουτρέχτη (Greek), Utreĥto (Esperanto), Utrek (Walloon), Utreque (Portuguese), Utrext (Azeri), Yutorehito - ユトレヒト (Japanese)*, Wūtèláihètè - 乌特莱赫特/烏特萊赫特 (Mandarin)
Uzhhorod Oujhorod (French), Ugohrad - Уґоград (Rusyn), Ujgorod / Ugocea (Romanian), Ungstadt (German alternate), Ungvár (Hungarian), Ungvir - אונגװיר / Ingver / Yngvyr (Yiddish), Ungwar (German alternate), Uschhorod (German), Uzhgorod - Ужгород (Russian), Uzhhorod - Ужгород (Ukrainian, Rusyn), Užhorod (Czech, Finnish, Slovak), Użhorod (Polish), Užgoroda (Latvian), Wūzhīhuǒluódé - 乌支火罗德/烏支火羅德 (Mandarin)

V[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Vaasa Nikolainkaupunki (old Finnish alternate), Nikolaistad (old Swedish alternate), Nikolaistadt (old German alternate), Vaasa (Estonian, Finnish, German), Vasa (Azeri, Swedish), Vasa - Vasa (Bulgarian), Waza (Polish), Vāsa (Latvian), Wǎsà - 瓦萨/瓦薩 (Mandarin)
Vaduz Fadōtsu - ファドーツ (Japanese)*, Paducheu / P'aduch'ŭ - 파두츠 (Korean), Vaduts - Vaduc (Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian), Vaduz (Finnish, German, Italian, Maltese, Croatian, Serbian, Swedish, Turkish), Vadúz - Βαντούζ (Greek), Vaducas (Lithuanian), Vaduca (Latvian), Wǎdùzī - 瓦杜兹 (Mandarin)
Valandovo Valandovo (English, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene), Valandovo (Macedonian), Valantovo - Βαλάντοβο (Greek)
Valencia Balansiyah (Arabic), Ballensia / Pallensia - 발렌시아 (Korean), Barenshia - バレンシア (Japanese)*, Valence (French), Valencia (Dutch, Finnish, German, Interlingua, Romanian, Croatian, Spanish, Swedish), València (Catalan/Valencian), Valência (Portuguese), Valencija (Slovene), Valencio or Valencujo (Esperanto), Valensia (Ladino), Valensija (Belarusian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Serbian), Valensiya (Azeri, Turkish), Valensiya / Valensija (Bulgarian, Russian), Valentía - Βαλεντία (Greek), Valentia (Latin), Valenza (Italian), Walencja (Polish), ভ্যালেন্সি - Bhelenshi (Bengali), Bālúnxīyà - 巴伦西亚/巴倫西亞 (Mandarin)
Valkenburg Valkenburg (Dutch, German), Fauquemont (old French), Fǎ'àokěnbǎo - 法奥肯堡 (Mandarin)
Valletta Balleta / Pallet'a - 발레타 (Korean), Baretta - バレッタ (Japanese)*, il-Belt (colloquial Maltese), il-Belt Valletta (Maltese), Fālītā (Arabic), Vaileite (Irish), La Valeta (Bulgarian), La Valeta (Portuguese variant, Spanish), La Valette (French), La Valetta (Romanian, Turkish), La Valletta (Italian, Polish, Slovak), Valéta - Βαλέτα (Greek), Valeta (Latvian, Lithuanian, Portuguese*), Valetta (Turkish alternate), Valletta (Finnish, German, Swedish), Wǎláitǎ - 瓦莱塔/瓦萊塔 (Mandarin)
Valmiera Valmiera (Latvian, Lithuanian), Wolmar (German)
Vantaa Vanda (Swedish), Vanta - Vanta (Bulgarian), Vantaa (Finnish)
Vaslui Vaslui (Romanian), Vaszló (Hungarian)
Vatican City Bachikan - バチカン / Bachikan Shikoku - バチカン市国 (Japanese)*, Batikan si / Pat'ik'an si - 바티칸 시 (Korean), Cathair na Bhatacain (Scottish Gaelic), Cathair na Vatacáine (Irish), Cidade do Vaticano (Portuguese), Cité du Vatican (French), Città del Vaticano (Italian), Ciudad del Vaticano (Spanish), Ciutat del Vaticà (Catalan), Civitas Vaticana (Latin), Dinas y Fatican (Welsh), Fàndìgāng - 梵蒂冈/梵蒂岡 (Mandarin), Sivdad del Vatikano (Ladino), Vaticaanstad (Dutch), Vatikaanikaupunki (Finnish), Vatikan (Azeri, German variant, Maltese, Croatian, Serbian, Turkish), Vatikan - Vatikan (Bulgarian, Russian), Vatikán (Czech, Slovak), Vatikanó - Βατικανό or Póli tu Vatikanú - Πόλη του Βατικανού (Greek), Vatikanstadt (German), Vatikanstaten (Norwegian, Swedish), Vatikánváros (Hungarian), Watykan (Polish), Vatíkanið (Icelandic), Páfagarður (Icelandic alternate), Vatikanas (Lithuanian), ভ্যাটিকান সিটি - Bhetikan Siti (Bengali), Vatikāns (Latvian)
Vawkavysk Ваўкавыск (Belarusian), Wołkowysk (Polish), Волковы́ск (Russian), וואלקאוויסק (Yiddish)
Veles Veles (English, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian), Veles (Macedonian), Velesá - Βελεσά or Vylázora - Βυλάζωρα (Greek), Köprülü (Turkish)
Veliky Novgorod Aslă Novgorod - Аслă Новгород (Chuvash), Böyek Novgorod - Бөек Новгород (Tatar), Didysis Naugardas (Lithuanian), Holmgard (Old Norse, archaic in Norwegian), Hólmgarður (Icelandic), Novgorod (former and alternative name), Nóvgorod -Νόβγκοροντ or Méga Nóvgorod - Μέγα Νόβγκοροντ (Greek), Novgorod the Great (alternative name in English), Styr Novgorod - Стыр Новгород (Ossetian), Velikij Novgorod (Danish, Norwegian, Slovak), Veliky Novgorod (English, Welsh), Veļikijnovgoroda (Latvian), Ydžyd Vylʹkar - Ыджыд Вылькар (Komi)
Venice Benátky (Czech*, Slovak), Benechia - ベネチア (Japanese)*, Benechia / Penech'ia - 베네치아 (Korean), Benetke (Slovene), al-Bunduqīya (Arabic), Enetía - Ενετία (Greek - καθαρεύουσα), Feneyjar (Icelandic), Fenis (Welsh), Mleci (older Croatian*),[3] Vaniescha (Romansh), An Veinéis (Irish), Velence (Hungarian)*, Venècia (Catalan)*, Venecia (Spanish)*, Venēcija (Latvian)*, Venecija (Croatian*, Lithuanian), Venecija - Venecija (Macedonian*, Serbian*), Mлеци - Mleci (older Serbian*), Veneciya - Venecija (Bulgarian*, Russian*), Veneciya - Venecija (Ukrainian)*, Veneco (Esperanto), Venedig (Danish*, German*, Swedish*), Venedik (Turkish)*, Venesia (Venetian*, Ladino), Veneetsia (Estonian), Venetía - Βενετία (Greek), Veneţia (Romanian)*, Venesië (Afrikaans)*, Venetië (Dutch)*, Venetik (Armenian), Venetsia (Finnish)*, Veneza (Portuguese)*, Venezia (Italian*, Norwegian*), Venezja (Maltese), Venise (French)*, Venetsye - װענעציע (Yiddish), Wēinísī - 威尼斯 (Mandarin)*, Wenecja (Polish)*, Venetië / Venies (Limburgish), Vignesie (Friulian), Unieja (Ladin)
Ventimiglia Album Intemelium / Intimelia (Latin), Ventimiglia (Italian), Vintimille (French)
Verdun Verdun (Dutch, French, Romanian), Verdum (Catalan), Verdún (Spanish), Wirten or Verden (Maas) (former German)*, Verdenas (Lithuanian), Fán'ěrdēng - 凡尔登/凡爾登 (Mandarin)
Verona Bern (old German), Berona / Perona - 베로나 (Korean), Berōna - ベローナ (Japanese)*, Verona (Azeri, Catalan, Dutch, Finnish, German, Italian, Hungarian, Latin, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Romanian, Spanish, Venetian*), Verona - Verona (Bulgarian), Vérone (French), Werona (Polish), Veróna - Βερόνα (Greek), Wéiluónà - 维罗纳/維羅納 (Mandarin)
Versailles Berusaiyu - ベルサイユ (Japanese)*, Versaglia (old Italian), Versailles (French),Versalir (Icelandic) Versalhes (Portuguese), Versalia (Latin alternate), Versaliae (Latin), Versalis (Lithuanian), Versalles (Catalan, Spanish), Versay - Versaj (Bulgarian), Versay (Turkish), Wersal (Polish), Versalliés - Βερσαλλίες (Greek), Versaļa (Latvian)
Veurne Furnes (French)
Vicenza Bichencha - 비첸차 (Korean*), Bissèntzia (Sardinian*), Cimbria (historic German,[4] historic Italian[5]), Fītšanzā - فيتشنزا (Arabic*) Vicence (French*), Vicença (Occitan*), Vicensa (Venetian*), Vicènsa (Lombard*), Vicenza (German*, Italian*), Vicenze (Friulian*), Vicetia (Latin*),[1] Vičenca (Latvian*, Lithuanian*), Vičenca - Виченца (Bulgarian*, Russian*, Serbian*), Vičenca - Віченца (Ukrainian), Vīčenzā - ویچنزا (Persian), Vichentsa - ヴィチェンツァ (Japanese*), Vincentia (Latin),[1] Wéiqínchá - 維琴察 (Mandarin Chinese*), Wiesenthein (historic German*)
Vienna Beč (Croatian, Serbian, older Bulgarian), Beç (older Turkish)*, Bech or Vidnya (Romani), Bécs (Hungarian)*, Bin / Pin - 빈 (Korean), Dunaj (Slovene)*, Fienna (Welsh), Vedunia (Celtic), Vena - Вена (Russian), Vídeň (Czech)*, Viden' / Videň (Ukrainian)*, Viedeň (Slovak), Viên (Vietnamese), Viena / Vijena/ Виена (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian), Viena (Catalan*, Lithuanian, Portuguese*, Romanian*, Spanish*, Tagalog*), Vienna (Italian)*, Vienne (French)*, Viénni - Βιέννη (Greek), Vieno (Esperanto), Viin (Estonian), Vin - װין (Yiddish), Vín (Irish, Icelandic), Vina - וינה (Hebrew), Vínarborg (Icelandic variant), Vindobona (Latin), Vīne (Latvian)*, Viyana (Turkish)*, Vjenë (Albanian), Vjenna (Maltese), Vyana (Azeri), Wean (local Viennese, Austrian and Bavarian dialects)*, Weiyena - 維也納 (Chinese)*, Wene (Afrikaans), Wenen (Dutch)*, Wiedeń (Polish)*, Wien (Danish*, Finnish*, German*, Norwegian*, Swedish*), Wīn - ウィーン (Japanese)*, Wina (Indonesian), فيينا (Arabic), وين (Persian)
Vienne Vienna (Allobrogium) (Latin), Viena (Portuguese)*, Viena del Delfinat (Catalan), Vienna nel Delfinato (Italian), Vienne (French)
Vileyka Vileika (Lithuanian), Vilejka - Vilejka (Belarusian), Vilejka - Vilejka (Russian), Wilejka (German, Polish)
Vilhelmina Vilhelmina (Swedish), Vualtjere (Southern Sami)
Viljandi Fellin (former German), Felloin (former French), Viljandi (Estonian, Finnish, German, Swedish), Vīlande (Latvian)
Villach Bělák (Czech), Beljak (Slovene)*, Bilachium (Latin), Billaheu / Pillahŭ - 빌라흐 (Korean), Filah (Serbian),Villach (German, Croatian), Villaco (Italian)*
Vilnius Billyuseu / Pillyusŭ - 빌뉴스 (Korean), Birinyusu - ビリニュス (Japanese)*, Filniyūs (Arabic), Vėlnios (Samogitian), Vilnias (Irish), Vilna (Italian old fashion, older Croatian, Spanish, Slovene, Finnish, old Romanian variant, English until 1945), Vilne - װילנע (Yiddish), Vilnius (Catalan, Dutch, French, Italian, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Portuguese variant, Romanian, Swedish, Turkish), Vílnius (Portuguese)*, Viļņa (Latvian, old Portuguese), Vilnia - Viľňa (Belarusian), Vilnyus (Azeri), Vilnyus - Vilňus (Bulgarian), Vil'njus - Viľňus (Russian, Ukrainian), Vilnjus (Maltese, Serbian), Vilno (Czech, Esperanto), Vil'no - Viľno (Russian, obsolete), Wilnioes (Dutch alternate), Wilna (Dutch old-fashioned, German), Wilno (Polish), Vílna - Βίλνα (Greek)
Vindeln Vindeln (Swedish), Vudtele (Southern Sami), Vyöddale (Ume Sami)
Vinica Vinica (English, Croatian), Vinica (Macedonian, Serbian)
Vinkovci Cibalie (Latin), Vinkovce (Hungarian)
Vynohradiv Nagyszőlős (Hungarian), Vinohradiv - Vinohradiv (Ukrainian), Winogradów (Polish)
Visby Visby (Swedish, German alternate), Wisby (German), Visbija (Latvian)
Visé Visé (Dutch (Netherlands), French), Vizé (Walloon), Wezet (Dutch (Flanders))
Vitoria Gasteiz (Basque), Vitoria (Dutch, German, Romanian, Spanish), Vitória (Portuguese), Vitòria (Catalan), Vitorija (Lithuanian)
Vitsyebsk Viciebsk / Vitsyebsk - Vicebsk (Belarusian), Vitebsk (Azeri, Dutch alternate, French, Romanian), Vitebsk - Vitebsk (Russian), Vitebsk - װיטעבסק (Yiddish), Vitebska (Latvian), Vitebskas (Lithuanian), Witebsk (Dutch alternate, German, Polish)
Vladikavkaz Dzaudzhikau - Дзауджика́у (former name 1944–1954), Ordzhonikidze - Орджоники́дзе (former name 1932–1944 and 1954–1990), Uładzikaŭkaz - Уладзікаўказ (Belarusian), Vladikaukāza (Latvian), Vladikaukazas (Lithuanian), Vladikavkaz - Владикавка́з (Bulgarian, Russian), Vladiqafqaz (Azeri), Władykaukaz (Polish), Dzæwdžyqæw - Дзæуджыхъæу (Ossetian)
Vlorë Aulon (Latin), Avlónas - Αυλώνας (Greek)*, Avlona (Italian alternate), Avlonya (Turkish)*, Flora (Croatian, Serbian), Valona (English alternate, Italian*), Valona - Valona (Croatian, Serbian), Vlorë / Vlora (Albanian)*, Vlora (German)*, Vlyora - Vl’ora (Bulgarian*, Ukrainian*), Vlyora - Vlera (Russian)*
Vodnjan Vodnjan (Croatian), Dignano (Italian)
Volodymyr Lodymyr - Лодимиръ (historic Ukrainian), Ludmir - לודמיר‎ (Yiddish), Uładzimier - Уладзімер (Belarusian), Vladimir - Владимир (Bulgarian, Russian), Vladimir-Volynsky - Владимир-Волынский (alternate Russian), Volodimir - Володимир (Serbian), Volodımır (Crimean Tatar, Turkish), Volodîmîr (Romanian), Volodymyr - Володимир (Ukrainian), Volodymyr-Volynskyi - Володимир-Волинський (former Ukrainian), Volodymyr (Czech, English, French, Italian, Slovak), Volodymyras (Lithuanian), Włodzimierz (Polish), Włodzimierz Wołyński (former Polish), Wolodymyr (German)
Volgograd Ahş - Аһш (Kalmyk), Carycyn (former Polish), Čarhuli - Чархули (Chuvash), Sarısu - Сарысу (alternative name in Tatar)*, Stalingrad (former name 1925–1961), Tsaritsyn (former name), Volgograd - Волгоград (Bulgarian, Russian, Tatar), Volgograd (Croatian, Romanian, Serbian, Slovene, Turkish), Volgográd (Hungarian), Volgogrado (Italian, Portuguese, Spanish), Wolgograd (Afrikaans, Dutch, German), Estalinegrado (former Portuguese), Estalingrado (former Spanish), Stalingrado (former Italian), Volgograda (Latvian), Volgogradas (Lithuanian), Wołgograd (Polish)
Vyborg Viiburi (Estonian), Viipuri (Finnish), Viborg - Виборг (Bulgarian), Viborg (Dutch, Romanian, Swedish), Viborga (Latvian), Vīpuri (former Latvian), Wiburg (German), Vyborg - Выборг (Russian), Wyborg (Polish)

W[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Wałbrzych Valbžiha (Latvian), Wałbrzych (Polish), Waldenburg (German)
Wangen Vanky (Czech), Wangen (German)
Waremme Borgworm (Dutch), Warème / Wareme (Walloon), Waremme (French)
Warsaw Bareusyaba / Parŭsyaba - 바르샤바 (Korean), Vársá (Irish), Varšava (Bosnian, Latvian, Czech, Croatian, Slovak, Slovene), - Варшава (Bulgarian, Belarusian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian), Varşava (Azeri), Varsavia (Italian), ورشو = Varsho (Persian), Varsavja (Maltese), Varshava (Armenian), Varshe - װאַרשע (Yiddish), Varsjava (Faroese), Varsjá (Icelandic), Varsó (Hungarian), Varsova (Finnish), Varşova (Turkish), Varsovia (Latin, Romansh, Spanish, Tagalog*), Varsovía - Βαρσοβία (Greek), Varsóvia (Portuguese), Varsòvia (Catalan), Varşovia (Romanian), Varsovie (French), Varsovio (Esperanto), Varssavi (Estonian), Varšuva (Lithuanian), Warsawa (Indonesian), Waršawa (Sorbian), Warschau (Dutch, German), Warskou (Afrikaans), Wārsū (Arabic), Warszawa (Danish, Polish, Swedish), Warushawa - ワルシャワ (Japanese)*, 華沙 (Chinese), Varsha - ורשה (Hebrew), ওয়ারশ - Oyarsh (Bengali)
Waterford Port Láirge (Irish), Port Làirge (Scottish Gaelic), Vaterfjord / Veðrafjǫrðr (Old Norse), Woteopeodeu / Wŏt'ŏp'ŏdŭ - 워터퍼드 (Korean*), Voterfordas (Lithuanian), ওয়াটারফোর্ড - Oyatarfurd (Bengali)
Wavre Auve / Wåve (Walloon), Waver (Dutch), Wavre (French)*
Weimar Baimareu / Paimarŭ - 바이마르 (Korean*), Vaïmári - Βαϊμάρη (Greek), Vajmar - Vajmar (Bosnian, Bulgarian), Veimāra (Latvian), Veimaras (Lithuanian), Výmar or Vejmar (Czech), Weimar (Indonesian, Dutch, German, Italian, Romanian)
Wejherowo Neustadt in Westpreußen/Neustadt bei Danzig (German), Wejherowo (Polish), Wejherowska Wola (former name), Wejrowò (Kashubian)
Wetzlar Becheullareu / Pech'ŭllarŭ - 베츨라르 (Korean*), Veclāra (Latvian), Veclaras (Lithuanian), Weslår (Walloon), Vétclar (Slovene), Wetzlaria (Latin), Veclaro (Esperanto)
Wexford Loch Garman (Irish), Menapia (Latin), Veisafjǫrðr / Waes Fiord (Old Norse), Veksfordas (Lithuanian), ওয়েক্সফোর্ড - Oyekshfurd (Bengali)
Wicklow Cill Mhantáin (Irish), Vikinglow / Wykynlo (Old Norse), উইকলো - Uiklo (Bengali)
Winchester Caerwynt (Welsh), Venta Belgarum (Latin), Vinčester (Bosnian, Serbian), Vinčesteris (Lithuanian), উইনচেস্টার - Uincheshtar or রাইফেল্বিশেষ - Raifelbisheshh (Bengali)
Wissembourg Weißenburg im Elsass (former German)*, Wissembourg (French*, German*)
Wloclawek Buuotsuwabueku - ヴウォツワヴェク (Japanese), Futswaff - فوتسوافك (Arabic), Ladiszló (Hungarian), Leslau (German, old name), Ulatslavak - Улацлавак (Belarusian), Vloclaveka (Latvian), Vloclavekas (Lithuanian), Vlotslavek - Влоцлавек (Bulgarian, Serbian, Russian), Watsawook - ووتس‌واوک (Persian), Włocławek (Polish)
Wolgast Wolgast (Dutch, German), Wołogoszcz (Polish)
Worcester Caerwrangon (Welsh), Vorčester (Bosnian, Serbian), Vorčesteris (Lithuanian), Wǔsītè - 伍斯特 (Chinese) ওরসেসটার - Orsheshtar (Bengali)
Worms Boreumseu / Porŭmsŭ - 보름스 (Korean), Vermayze - װערמײַזע (Yiddish), Vormácia (old Portuguese)*, Vormatía - Βορματία (Greek - καθαρεύουσα), Vormsa (Latvian), Wormacja (Polish), Wormazia (former Italian), Worms (Dutch, German, Italian, Romanian), Vormsas (Lithuanian)
Wrocław Beurocheuwapeu / Pŭroch'ŭwap'ŭ - 브로츠와프 (Korean*), Boroszló (Hungarian), Breslau (former Danish, former Dutch, former English, German, former Norwegian, former Romanian, former Swedish), Braslavia (old Romanian), Breslavia (Italian, Spanish), Breslávia (Portuguese), Urocłaŭ - Uroclaŭ (Belarusian), Vratislav (Czech), Vratislav / Vroclav (Slovak, Serbian, Slovene),Vratislavia / Wratislavia / Wracislavia (Latin), Vroclav - Vroclav (Bosnian, Bulgarian, Serbian), Vroclava (Latvian), Vroclavas (Lithuanian), Vroclavo (Esperanto), Vrotzlav - ורוצלב (Hebrew), Wroclaw (Catalan, Finnish, Romanian, Slovene), Wrocław (Croatian, Polish, Swedish), রোক্ল - Ruklo (Bengali), Vratislavie (French)
Würzburg Bwireucheubureukeu / Pwirŭch'ŭburŭk'ŭ - 뷔르츠부르크 (Korean*), Vurzburgo (Portuguese variant)*, Wörzborg (Low Saxon), Wurzbourg (French), Wurtzburg (Catalan), Wurtzburgo (Portuguese variant)*, Würzburg (Dutch, German, Romanian), Wurzburgo (Spanish), Vircburga (Latvian)

Y[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Yalta Ialta (Portuguese, Romanian), Jalta (Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Slovak, Serbian, Swedish), Jałta (Polish), Yalta (Azeri, Crimean Tatar, Irish, Italian, Spanish, Turkish), Yalta - Ялта (Bulgarian, Russian, Ukrainian*), Yalta / Yalt'a - 얄타 (Korean), Yaruta - ヤルタ (Japanese)*, יאלטה (Hebrew), Յալթա (Armenian)
Yerevan Jerevani (Albanian), Yirifan - يريفان (Arabic), Yerevan - Երևան (Armenian), İrəvan (Azeri), Jerevan (Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Luxembourgish, Swedish), Erevan (French, Catalan, Corsican), Erevani - ერევანი (Georgian), Eriwan (German), Ereván - Ερεβάν (Greek), Yérévvān - ירוואן (Hebrew), Jereván (Hungarian), エレバン (Japanese), 예레반 (Korean), Erevāna (Latvian), Jerevanas (Lithuanian), Iravān - ایروان (Persian), Erywań (Polish), Erevan - Ереван (Bulgarian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Macedonian, Tajik), Yerevan - Ереван (Russian), Yeryevan - Ереван (Mongolian), Ierevan - Иереван (Serbian), Ereván (Spanish), Yere Wān - เยเรวาน (Thai)
Yevpatoria Eupatoria (Latin, Polish*, Romanian*), Evpatoría - Ευπατορία (Greek), Evpatorya (Turkish)*, Gözlöve or Gözleve (older Turkish)*, Jevpatorija (Finnish), Kerkinítis - Κερκινίτις (Greek variant), Kezlev (Crimean Tatar)*, Kozłów (older Polish)*, Yevpatoria - Եվպատորիա (Armenian), Yevpatoriya - Евпатория (Russian)*, Yevpatoriya - Євпаторія (Ukrainian)*, Eipatorija (Latvian)
York Caerefrog / Efrog (Welsh), Eabhrac (Irish), Eabhraig (Scottish Gaelic), Eboracum (Latin), Efrawg (Breton, Cornish), Evórakon - Εβόρακον (Greek - καθαρεύουσα), Evrok (Cornish), Iorc (Catalan), Iorque (Portuguese), Jorvik (ancient Scandinavian), Jórvík (Icelandic), Jork (Bosnian, Polish), Jork - Јорк (Macedonian, Serbian), Jorko (Esperanto), Jorka (Latvian), Jorkas (Lithuanian), Yokeu / Yok'ŭ - 요크 (Korean), York (Azeri, Croatian, Italian, Slovene), York - Йорк (Russian), Yórki - Υόρκη (Greek), 約克 (Chinese), יורק (Hebrew)
Ypres Ieper (Dutch), Ieperen (Dutch dialect variant), Ypres (French, Finnish, Romanian), Ypern (German), Ipres (Catalan, Portuguese*), Ipro (Esperanto), Ipra (Latvian)

Z[edit]

English name Other names or former names
Zabrze Hindenburg (German 1915–1945), Zabrze (Polish), Zabujei - ザブジェイ (Japanese)*
Zadar Diadora (Romanian), Iader (Latin, Liburnian), Ídassa - Ίδασσα (Greek), Jadareu / Chadarŭ - 자다르 (Korean*), Zadar (Croatian, Polish, Serbian, Slovak), Zadara (Latvian), Zadaras (Lithuanian), Zader (Slovene), Zára (Hungarian), Zara (Italian, Portuguese), Zarje (Chakavian, early Croat), Jadres (French)
Zagreb Agram (former German and Russian), Ágranon - Άγρανον (Greek - καθαρεύουσα), Zagrabia (Latin), Agranum (former Latin name), Jageurebeu / Chagŭrebŭ - 자그레브 (Korean), Sagelebu (simplified Chinese: 萨格勒布; traditional Chinese: 薩格勒布; pinyin: Sàgélèbù; Jyutping: Saat3 gaak3 laak6 bou3), Ságrab (Irish), Zagabria (Italian), Zágráb (Hungarian), Zagreb (Asturian, Indonesian, Croatian, Finnish, German, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish), Zagreb - Загреб (Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian), Żagreb (Maltese, Chakavian), Zagreba (Latvian), Zagrebas (Lithuanian), Zagrebe (Portuguese), Zagrebo (Esperanto), Zagrep (Turkish, Kaykavian), Zaġrib - زغرب (Arabic), Zagrzeb (Polish), زاگرب = Zāgreb (Persian), Záhřeb (Czech), Záhreb (Slovak), Zahreb - Загреб (Ukrainian), Zagurebu - ザグレブ (Japanese)*, জাগরেব - Jagreb (Bengali), זגרב (Hebrew)
Zákupy Reichstadt (German)*, Zákupy (Czech)*
Zaragoza Saragoça (Portuguese), Saragosa - Сарагоса (Bulgarian, Russian), Saragosa - サラゴサ (Japanese)*, Saragosa - 사라고사 (Korean), Saragossa (English, German, Polish and Catalan), Saragosse (French), Saragozza (Italian), জারাগোজা - Jaraguja (Bengali)
Zeebrugge Zeebrügge (German), Zeebruges (French)
Zermatt Praborgne (French)
Zhytomyr Jitomir (Romanian), Jitomireu / Chit'omirŭ - 지토미르 (Korean*), Jytomyr (French), Schytomyr (German), Žitomir - Житомир (Bulgarian, Russian), Zhitomir - זשיטאָמיר (Yiddish), Žytomyr - Житомир (Ukrainian), Żytomierz (Polish), Žytomir - Жытомір (Belarusian), Žytomyr (Finnish)
Zielona Góra Grünberg (German), Mons Viridis (Latin), Zielona Góra (Polish)
Zittau Žitava (Czech, Slovak), Zittau (Dutch, German), Żytawa (Polish)
Zlín Gottwaldov (former name), Zlín (Czech, Slovak)
Znamensk Vėluva (Lithuanian), Wehlau (German), Welawa (Polish), Znamensk (Russian)
Znojmo Znaim (German), Znojmo (Czech, Polish, Slovak)
Zolochiv Jollochiu / Cholloch'iu - 졸로치우 (Korean)*, Złoczew or Złoczów (Polish), Zlotshev / Zlotchov - זלאָטשעװ / זלאָטשאָוו (Yiddish), Zoločev - Золочев (Russian), Zoločiv - Золочів (Ukrainian)
Zug Chukeu / Ch'uk'ŭ - 추크 (Korean)*, Zoug (French alternate), Zug (Dutch, German, Romansh), Zugo (Italian)
Zürich Chūrih(h)i - チューリ(ッ)ヒ (Japanese)*, Chwirihi / Ch'wirihi - 취리히 (Korean), Cirih - Цирих (Serbian), Cīrihe (Latvian), Ciūrichas (Lithuanian), Ciurych - Цюрых (Belarusian), Curiĥo (Esperanto), Curych (Czech), Cürik (old Hungarian), Sūlíshì - 蘇黎世 (Chinese), Tigurum (medieval Latin), Tsyurih - Цюрих (Bulgarian, Russian Ukrainian), Turicum (Latin), Turitg (Romansh), Zurich (French), Zürich (Croatian, Dutch, Estonian, German, Finnish, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovene, Swedish), Sürix, Zürix (Azeri), Zúrich (Spanish), Zurigo (Italian), Zürih (Turkish), Zūrīk (Arabic), Zurique (Portuguese), Zurych (Polish), زوریخ = Zūrikh (Persian), Zyríchi - Ζυρίχη (Greek), Zyrih (Albanian), Tzirich - ציריך (Hebrew), জুরিখ - Jurikh (Bengali)
Zvolen Altsohl (German), Zólyom (Hungarian), জোভলেন - Jubholen (Bengali)
Zweibrücken Bipontium (Latin), Deux-Ponts (French), Zweibrücken (German), Dos Puentes (Spanish*)
Zwickau Cheubikau / Ch'ŭbik'au - 츠비카우 (Korean*), Cvikov (Czech, Slovak), Zwickau (Dutch, German)
Žilina Sillein (German), Jillina / Jil'li'na - 질리나 (Korean*), Solna (Latin), Žilina (Czech, Slovak), Žilina - Жилина (Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian), Żylina (Polish), Zsolna (Hungarian), ז'ילינה (Hebrew)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f J. G. Th. Graesse, Orbis Latinus (Dresden: Schönfeld, 1861; 1909. Brunswick, 1972) Ed. 1861 Ed. 1909 Ed. 1972
  2. ^ Snoj, Marko (2009). Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan. p. 454.
  3. ^ "Mleci" at Hrvatski jezični portal. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
  4. ^ Johann Wilhelm von Archenholz. "Nachricht von einem unbekannt gebliebenen deutschen Völkchen." Minerva. Vol. 4. Hamburg, 1814.
  5. ^ L'origine dei Cimbri at i Fabris. Retrieved 20 September 2016.