Journalist Namir Noor-Eldeen, killed by a U.S. airstrike in Baghdad, 2007
|Died||July 12, 2007 (aged 22)|
|Cause of death||Armor-piercing shell|
Namir Noor-Eldeen (Arabic: نمير نورالدين) (September 1, 1984 – July 12, 2007) was an Iraqi freelance photojournalist. Noor-Eldeen, his assistant, Saeed Chmagh, and eight others were fired upon by U.S. military forces in the New Baghdad district of Baghdad, Iraq, during an airstrike on July 12, 2007. It is claimed in an official report from the US Department of the Army that the group of ten was carrying at least one RPG-7 and one AK-47; and that Noor-Eldeen's camera and attached zoom lens may have been mistaken for an additional RPG. Noor-Eldeen and seven others were killed during the first strike.
Early life and career
Noor-Eldeen was born on September 1, 1984, in Mosul, Iraq. He developed an interest in photography and video from his family, and started training in those crafts. He was one of the first photographers trained by the Reuters news agency as part of a strategy to employ photojournalists with strong local knowledge and access to areas considered too dangerous for Western photographers to work in. Chris Helgren, former Reuters chief photographer who instigated the agency's plan, called Noor-Eldeen one of the star recruits of the initial recruitment stage, and said, "In Mosul, he started from nothing and is now the pre-eminent photographer in Northern Iraq."
He originally worked in Mosul, where he started to develop a strong reputation from his photos and his tendency to arrive at the scene of attacks quickly, even amid danger. One of his photos, of a masked insurgent carrying a grenade launcher and a police flak jacket after a November 2004 police station attack, gained particular attention and was described by New York Times journalist Michael Kamber as "one of the seminal images of the war—a single photo that captured Iraq's descent into chaos and the inability of the Iraqi and American governments to protect resources, or pretty much anything else at that point". Noor-Eldeen was transferred to Baghdad after he started receiving threats in Mosul from insurgents unhappy with his photos. During his time as a photographer, he had been shot in the leg, had his nose broken more than once, and had been detained and harassed, but his editors said he maintained a sense of energy and optimism.
Airstrike and death
On July 12, 2007, after several skirmishes in the area, two American AH-64 Apache helicopters observed a group of people milling around on a street in Baghdad. They reported some in that group to be armed, presumed them to be Iraqi insurgents, and fired on them. The helicopters also fired on a van being driven by a man with his two children inside that stopped to evacuate the wounded. Both children were wounded. Noor-Eldeen and his Reuters driver, Saeed Chmagh, were among those killed in the attack. Noor-Eldeen was 22 years old at the time of his death.
Noor-Eldeen and Chmagh were the fifth and sixth Reuters employees killed in Iraq since the 2003 invasion began. All six were killed by American soldiers. Mohammed Ameen, another Reuters photographer and one of Noor-Eldeen's closest friends, found his body in a dilapidated Iraqi morgue and arranged for the body to be preserved until his funeral. After their deaths, Reuters screened a photographic tribute to Noor-Eldeen and Chmagh in New York City's Times Square and London's Canary Wharf.
For more than two years after the shooting, Reuters and other organizations sought probes into the deaths of Noor-Eldeen and other journalists killed in Iraq, but the U.S. military withheld key information on the grounds that it was classified. The military also refused to release a video taken from one of the gunships that captured the complete sequence and radio communication during the shootings. On April 5, 2010, part of the military video was released on the website WikiLeaks, which said it acquired the video from military whistle-blowers and viewed it after breaking the encryption code. The shootings and Noor-Eldeen's deaths are detailed in The Good Soldiers, a 2009 nonfiction book by David Finkel.
- McGreal, Chris (April 5, 2010). "Wikileaks reveals video showing US air crew shooting down Iraqi civilians". The Guardian. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
- United States Department of the Army (2007-07-17). Investigation into Civilian Casualties Resulting from an Engagement on 12 July 2007 in the New Baghdad District of Baghdad, Iraq (PDF) (Report). Washington DC, United States: United States Central Command. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-20. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
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- "Namir Noor-Eldeen and Saeed Chmagh". The Baron. Retrieved 2010-04-06.
- "Photographer killed in Iraq". British Journal of Photography. July 18, 2007.
- Rubin, Alissa J. (July 13, 2007). "2 Iraqi Journalists Killed as U.S. Forces Clash With Militias". The New York Times. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
- Kamber, Michael (April 6, 2010). "Remembering Namir Noor-Eldeen". The New York Times. Retrieved April 6, 2010.
- Bumiller, Elisabeth (April 5, 2010). "Video Shows U.S. Killing of Reuters Employees". The New York Times. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
- Franke-Ruta, Garance (April 5, 2010). "Web site releases video of Baghdad attack that killed 2 journalists". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
- "Iraqi doctor working for Danish NGO killed". The Peninsula. July 13, 2007. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
- Tyson, Ann Scott (September 15, 2009). "Military's Killing of 2 Journalists in Iraq Detailed in New book". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
|Wikisource has a complete transcript of:|
- Collateral Murder WikiLeaks site bringing to light formerly classified US military footage
- Remembering Namir Noor-Eldeen (The New York Times.) Text and slideshow.