Namtok Phlio National Park

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Namtok Phlio National Park
อุทยานแห่งชาติน้ำตกพลิ้ว
IUCN category II (national park)
Waterfall at Namtokphlio National Park (Chataburi Province).jpg
Phlio Waterfall
Map showing the location of Namtok Phlio National Park
Map showing the location of Namtok Phlio National Park
Park location in Thailand
LocationChanthaburi Province, Thailand
Nearest cityChanthaburi
Coordinates12°31′31″N 102°10′37″E / 12.52528°N 102.17694°E / 12.52528; 102.17694Coordinates: 12°31′31″N 102°10′37″E / 12.52528°N 102.17694°E / 12.52528; 102.17694
Area135 km2 (52 sq mi)
EstablishedMay 1975
Governing bodyDepartment of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation

Namtok Phlio National Park (Thai: อุทยานแห่งชาติน้ำตกพลิ้ว) is a national park in Chanthaburi Province, Thailand. The park is home to forested mountains, waterfalls, and many stupas and chedis from the reign of King Rama V.[1] The mountains here are also known as Khao Sa Bap, a mountainous fragment of the western ends of the much larger Cardamom Mountains. The Sa Bap mountains are heavily eroded karst, rising to no more than 673 metres.

Geography[edit]

Namtok Phlio National Park is located 14 kilometres (9 mi) south of Chanthaburi town in Mueang, Laem Sing, Khlung and Makham districts. The park's area is 135 square kilometres (52 sq mi). The highest point is Map Wa Krok peak at 925 metres (3,035 ft).[1]

History[edit]

During the reign of King Rama V, the Along Khon chedi was built in 1876. In 1881 a memorial stupa, housing a relic of Princess Sunanta Kumari, was commissioned by King Rama V.[1]

On 2 May 1975, the area was declared a national park as Khao Sa Bap National Park. On 29 September 1982, the park was renamed Namtok Phlio National Park.[1]

Attractions[edit]

The park's main attraction is its namesake waterfall, Phlio, whose pools are home to large numbers of soro brook carp. The King Rama V era chedi and stupa are located near Phlio waterfall. Other park waterfalls include Khlong Narai, Makok and Trok Nong.[2]

Flora and fauna[edit]

Namtok Phlio is covered in tropical rain forest, including such species as Aphanamixis polystachya, Aquilaria crassna, Scaphium scaphigerum, Sandoricum koetjape, Irvingia malayana, Cotylelobium lanceolatum, Alstonia scholaris and Dalbergia oliveri.[1]

Animal species include serow, tiger, bear, barking deer, porcupine, macaque, langur, gibbon, mouse deer, pangolin, mongoose and otter.[1]

The park is host to abundant bird species including heron, brahminy kite, shika, crested serpent eagle, besra, imperial pigeon, red turtle dove, emerald dove, hornbill, barbet, vernal hanging parrot, shrike, woodpecker, drongo, hill myna, bulbul and white-rumped shama.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Namtok Phlio National Park". Department of National Parks (Thailand). Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  2. ^ "National Parks in Thailand: Namtok Phlio National Park" (PDF). Department of National Parks (Thailand). 2015. pp. 194–195. Retrieved 26 May 2017.