|Region||Centre-Val de Loire|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Jacques Prévost|
|Area1||106.33 km2 (41.05 sq mi)|
|• Density||8.3/km2 (21/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||18159 / 18330|
|Elevation||112–163 m (367–535 ft)
(avg. 125 m or 410 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Its name comes from Nanciacos and first appeared in 1010 (Acts of the Abbot Engilbert). The territory belonged successively to the County of Sancerre and the area of La Chatre. Joan of Arc stayed there, leaving her name to the spring maiden. Its castle dates from the fifteenth century, and was rebuilt during the Renaissance.
- The Nançay Radio Telescope, 3 km (1.9 mi) north of the town. The site was chosen in 1953 by the École Normale Supérieure because of its size, its relative proximity to Paris and the lack of industrial base that can generate noise. Inaugurated by Charles de Gaulle in 1965. The 32 metres (105 ft) by 5 metres (16 ft) diameter decametric network (144 branches in 10 000 m²).
- The Pôle des Étoiles offers tours of the Radioastronomy facility, planetarium shows and self-guided tours of its astronomy exhibits. It also includes educational facilities.
- Private Château built on a foundations of the fifteenth-century castle, rebuilt in the Renaissance and then in 1848.
- Église Saint-Laurian, built in 1624, rebuilt in the nineteenth century after it was destroyed by fire.
- Capazza Gallery of contemporary art, an historical monument created in 1975 by Gerard and Sophie Capazza.
- A shortbread biscuit was created in 1953, after an error in following a recipe by Jacques and Albert Fleurier.
- Alain Fournier lived in and described the village in his novel Le Grand Meaulnes.
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