|Full name||Nancy Merki|
|National team||United States|
June 1, 1926 |
|Club||Multnomah Athletic Club|
Nancy Merki (born June 1, 1926), also known by her married names Lees, Cory and Boland, is an American former competition swimmer who represented the United States at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London. Despite contracting polio at a young age, she set numerous amateur swimming records in her career, most in her early teens, and went on to compete in the 400-meter freestyle in the Olympics.
Early life and career
Merki grew up in Portland, Oregon. At a young age, she contracted poliomyelitis. With discovery of the polio vaccine years away, she took up swimming as exercise to reduce the effects of the disease at the age of 8. Trained by long-time swim coach Jack Cody, Merki excelled at the sport, and at the age of 13 entered the swimming scene at the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) national championships in 1939, setting American records in the 200, 400, and 800-freestyle events. Merki, who along with Multnomah Athletic Club teammates Brenda Helser, Suzanne Zimmerman, Geneva Klaus, Joyce Macrae, and Mary Anne Hansen, were known as "Cody's Kids" after their coach, figured to be a force at the 1940 Summer Olympics until the games were canceled by the events of World War II.
Merki continued to compete in AAU meets through the 1940s, setting numerous records, including shattering the 1,500-meter freestyle record by 17 seconds at the 1941 AAU championships. Merki and her MAC teammates won three national championships from 1939 to 1949, and Merki herself set 19 individual records. In 1941, at the age of 15, she finished sixth in balloting for the James E. Sullivan Award, presented to the nation's top amateur athlete.
Although the war prevented her from competing in the Olympics at the peak of her career, she made the United States team for the 1948 Summer Olympics. Now known as Nancy Lees (she married Whitlock Lees, Jr. prior to the games), she reached the finals of the women's 400-meter freestyle, though she finished in eighth place.
In 1955, Merki's early life and struggle to defeat polio with the help of coach Cody was dramatized in an episode of the television anthology series Cavalcade of America entitled "A Time for Courage." The show starred Gloria Talbott as Merki and Hugh Beaumont as Jack Cody.
- "Nation's Swim Stars Accounted for a Host of Records in '39". The New York Times. December 24, 1939. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- Stump, Al J. (1952). Champions Against All Odds. Philadelphia: Macrae Smith Company.
- "Miss Merki sets U.S. swim record". The New York Times. August 16, 1941. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- "National Title Leaders" (PDF). USA Swimming Media Guide. USA Swimming. p. 20. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-11-07. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- "Swimmer who took new title". The New York Times. April 6, 1948. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- "Women 400m Freestyle London (GBR) 1948 - 07.08". Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- "Oral History Register for John O. (Buck) and Janet Buchanan". University of North Carolina at Asheville D. Hiden Ramsey Library Special Collections/University Archives. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- "Library record for "Fit for Life" article about Nancy Boland". East Carolina University. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- "Cavalcade of America: U.S. Anthology Drama". Museum of Broadcast Communications. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- Schneidermann, Floyd (August 19, 1990). "Swimmers Reunited at Coach's Induction into State Sports Hall". The Oregonian.
- "Hall of Fame Roll of Honor Members". Oregon Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved February 25, 2010.
- Cavalcade of America: A Time for Courage at the Internet Movie Database
- Nancy Lees – Olympic athlete profile at Sports-Reference.com