Nancy Evelyn Paterson
|Died||November 2018 (aged 60–61)|
Toronto, ON (Sunnybrook Hospital)
|Alma mater||University of Toronto, York University (PhD, 2009)|
|Known for||new media art and writing|
|Notable work||"Cyberfeminism" (1996)|
For the American jurist, see Nancy Paterson.
Nancy Evelyn Paterson (1957–2018) was a Canadian artist and writer known for her work in new media. She was an associate professor at the Ontario College of Art and Design University from 1990 to 2018, and was Facilities Coordinator at Charles Street Video, a non-profit, artist-run centre providing production and post-production facilities for digital video and audio.
Paterson was also known for her electronically-based artworks. Her 1998 work Stock Market Skirt connected the physical height of a skirt hemline with the real-time movement of the stock market. Her 1989 work Bicycle TV placed the viewer on a bicycle facing a video screen as the viewer cycled, then controlled their movement through scenes of the Canadian landscape projected before them.
Paterson curated the group show Disembodied at InterAccess Gallery in Toronto in 1997, which was one of the earliest exhibitions in Canada to include an online component.
Early life and education
Paterson was born in 1957. She attended the University of Toronto, beginning her education at Victoria College without the intention of becoming a media artist. While ultimately graduating with an honours degree from Victoria College in 1985, Paterson decided to interrupt her academic studies to pursue a four-year program at the Ontario College of Art. During this time, Paterson teamed up with fellow artists Derek Dowden, David Andrews, Graham Smith, and Ed Mowbray to found the Artculture Resource Centre, Toronto's first media gallery, in 1979.
In 2018, Paterson's work was the subject of a retrospective entitled, The Future: Before, at InterAccess gallery in Toronto. The exhibition, curated by Shauna Jean Doherty, surveyed Paterson's 30 year contribution to media art in Canada and internationally.
Paterson's explorations into interactivity were significant for women entering early new media art practice, and her 1996 article Cyberfeminism is an influential paper in the field of art history. It was widely disseminated within online circles following its publication. ,The text articulated the ways in which novel forms of technology can reinforce gendered stereotypes, but can also empower marginalized populations to eschew dominant social narratives and forge new identities.
New electronic technologies are currently utilized to manipulate and define our experiences. Cyberfeminism does not accept as inevitable current applications of new technologies which impose and maintain specific cultural, political and sexual stereotypes. Empowerment of women in the field of new electronic media can only result from the demystification of technology, and the appropriation of access to these tools. Cyberfeminism is essentially subversive.
Paterson foregrounded interactivity as a condition of her art-making, believing that it is incumbent upon creatives living in a society with advanced technology to use that same technology to critique it. She was among a cohort of other Canadian new media artists who explored interaction between artworks and audiences. Describing her multi-media installation artwork Garden in the Machine, Paterson said:
“I suppose what I’m trying to describe is my increasing awareness of interactivity as an essential element of new electronic media art. I don’t necessarily agree with the perception that interactivity is the antithesis of a passive culture which has developed out of new electronic technologies. I think we’ve past that very quickly. ‘Surfing’ the web, for example (although it can be a lot like surfing on concrete at times) clearly relies on an interest in interaction. A lot like playing ‘Jeopardy,’ it’s true, a wealth of superficial information and trivia interspersed with some really valuable insights and opportunities for communication… but at whatever level people are accessing the web, they are moving out of their armchairs. People are tired of feeling manipulated – by technology, religion, politics – maybe it’s the approaching millennium – maybe it’s the legacy of post-modernism.”
- "Artist/Maker Name "Paterson, Nancy"". Canadian Heritage Information Network. Government of Canada. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
- "Nancy Paterson". The Canadian Art Database. The Centre for Canadian Contemporary Art. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
- "Nancy Paterson". Archive of Digital Art. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
- "Nancy Paterson, Facilities Coordinator". CSV. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
- "Nancy Paterson, Associate Professor, Faculty of Arts, Graduate Studies". OCAD. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
- Susan Hawthorne; Renate Klein (1999). Cyberfeminism: Connectivity, Critique and Creativity. Spinifex Press. pp. 4–. ISBN 978-1-875559-68-8.
- M. Merck; S. Sandford (13 September 2010). Further Adventures of The Dialectic of Sex: Critical Essays on Shulamith Firestone. Palgrave Macmillan US. pp. 75–. ISBN 978-0-230-10999-5.
- Karen Ross (2013). Gendered Media: Women, Men, and Identity Politics. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 37–. ISBN 978-0-7425-5407-8.
- Stephen Wilson (2002). Information Arts: Intersections of Art, Science, and Technology. MIT Press. pp. 670–. ISBN 978-0-262-73158-4.
- Margot Lovejoy (2 August 2004). Digital Currents: Art in the Electronic Age. Routledge. pp. 254–. ISBN 978-1-134-39729-7.
- Amy Bingaman; Lise Sanders; Rebecca Zorach (16 December 2003). Embodied Utopias: Gender, Social Change and the Modern Metropolis. Routledge. pp. 239–. ISBN 978-1-134-53756-3.
- Judy Malloy (2003). Women, Art, and Technology. MIT Press. pp. 235–. ISBN 978-0-262-13424-8.
- "Nancy Paterson, Bicycle TV, 1989". Daniel Langlois Foundation. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
- Simon Penny (1995). Critical Issues in Electronic Media. SUNY Press. pp. 48–. ISBN 978-1-4384-1581-9.
- Media works. Surrey Art Gallery. 2001. p. 10. ISBN 9780920181522.
- "On Air | City of Surrey". www.surrey.ca. 2021-11-22. Retrieved 2022-03-12.
- "Nancy Paterson: Stock Market Skirt" (PDF). Retrieved March 12, 2022.
- "Caroline Langill, Shifting Polarities : Interview with Nancy Paterson". www.fondation-langlois.org. Retrieved 2022-03-12.
- "Interview with Dr. Caroline Langill: "There is a feminist theme running through your works from the 80s. Can you talk a bit about this?"".
- Paterson, Nancy. "Cyberfeminism".
- "Interview with Dr. Caroline Langill, "Can you tell me a bit about your process and its genesis?"". May 30, 2006.
- "A Conversation with Nancy Paterson". people.well.com. Retrieved 2022-03-12.