Nanded

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This article is about the municipality in Maharashtra, India. For its namesake district, see Nanded district.
Nanded
नांदेड,हुजूर साहिब नांदेड
City
Shivaji Statue
Shivaji Statue
Nickname(s): The City of "Sanskrit" poets, City of Gurudwaras
Nanded is located in Maharashtra
Nanded
Nanded
Coordinates: 19°09′N 77°18′E / 19.15°N 77.30°E / 19.15; 77.30Coordinates: 19°09′N 77°18′E / 19.15°N 77.30°E / 19.15; 77.30
Country  India
State Maharashtra
Region Marathwada
District Nanded
Established 1610 A.D
Named for Sachkhand Gurudwara
Government
 • Type Nanded-Waghala Municipal Corporation
 • Body NWCMC
Area
 • Total 63.22 km2 (24.41 sq mi)
Elevation 362 m (1,188 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 550,564 (2,011)
Demonym Nandedkar
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN CODE 431601
Telephone code 02462
Vehicle registration MH 26
Website www.nanded.nic.in

Nanded is the EIGHTH largest city/urban agglomeration in Maharashtra after 1.Mumbai 2.Pune 3.Nagpur 4.Nasik 5.Aurangabad 6.Solapur 7. Amravati 8.Nanded 9.Kolhapur 10.Sangli. Nanded is the SECOND largest city in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra, India. It is headquarters of Nanded district. Nanded is of great historical significance for Sikhs, and it has many Sufi shrines as well.[2] The city is situated on the bank of the Godavari.

History[edit]

One of the oldest and historic cities in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra, Nanded is situated on the north bank of the Godavari River.[3] The Nanda dynasty ruled over Nanded for generations in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE. Nanded was also part of the Maurya Empire under Ashoka (c. 272 to 231 BCE). Nanded District is located in the southeastern part of Maharashtra, Bordering Telangana. The name Nanded is widely believed to have originated from "NANDI" the Vahan of Lord Shiva, who performed penance on the banks (TAT) of River Godavari. This "NANDI TAT" became NANDED. Today, Nanded gains prominence from the Sikh Gurudwara which is erected at the place where Shri Guru Govindsinghji Maharaj, the last Sikh Guru, passed away in 1708.

Early mentions of Nanded and irrigation practices are found in the Leela Charitra, a treatise written about 700 years ago by Mhaimbhatta.[4] The city was formerly known as Nanditat (Marathi: नंदितट) according to a copper plate inscription found at Vasim. Nanded District and the adjoining areas were ruled over by the Andhrabhrtyas and Satvahanas during the first century AD.

[3] In 1708, the year following Aurangzeb's death, Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth spiritual leader of the Sikhs, came to Nanded. He proclaimed himself the last living Guru and established the Guru Granth Sahib as the eternal Guru of Sikhism, elevating the reverence of the text to that of a living leader. Around 1835, Maharaja Ranjit Singh's oversaw the construction of a gurudwara at Nanded. Located at the site of Guru Gobind Singh's cremation, the gurudwara is part of the Hazur Sahib..

Nanded became part of the Hyderabad State in 1725 and continued to be part of the Nizam's dominions until 1948.[3] After India gained independence in 1947, the Indian Armed Forces annexed Hyderabad and ended the rule of the Nizam in Operation Polo,[5] making Nanded part of the new Hyderabad State. Nanded, being a Marathi speaking area, is part of Maharashtra, based on India's linguistic state formation.

Roots of Sikhism in Nanded[edit]

Nanded is associated with the first as well as the last Sikh Gurus. While Shri Guru Nanak Dev travelled through Nanded City towards south and Sri Lanka, Shir Guru Gobind Singhji spent his last few days of earthly life here. He arrived here with emperor Bhadur Shah-I towards the end of August in 1707 AD. The Mughal emperor went to Golconda, and the Shri Guru Gobind Singhji decided to stay in Nanded.

It appears that Shri Guru Gobind Singhji had followed the emperor through Rajasthan and Central Province to Deccan (South) in the hope that justice would be meted out and punishment would be given to his persecutors, murderers of his young sons and to those who executed numerous innocent Sikhs. But finding that the emperor was not interested in punishing the culprits, the Guru was disappointed and decided to part with the emperor. In the first week of October 1708 having understood that the time has come to leave the mortal attire and to depart, the Guru is reported to have taken five coins and a coconut which he placed before the Granth Sahib installing the Granth Sahib as Guru. The five coins are symbolically known as Sangat. Shri Guru Gobind Singhji and formally passed on the spiritual light of Guruship to Guru Granth Sahib. The Shabad-Guru of the Sikhs was thus immortalised.

One of the well known poem explain about the Nanded District Periphery and its cultural and historical important is given here. one of the former university student of SRTMUN Pinnalwar D.K. wrote the Marathi poem in year 2003 which is immense popular in local people. the poem best explain the District Cultural and Historical importance.

Geography[edit]

Nanded is the second largest city in Marathawada after Aurangabad with an area of 63.22 km2.[6] Also it is 8th largest City/Urban aggomeration in Maharshatra after Mumbai,Pune,Nagpur,Nasik,Aurangabad,Solapur and Amravati. Nanded district borders Latur district and Parbhani district to the west and Yavatmal district to the north,the district is bounded by Nizamabad, Medak and Adilabad districts of Telangana on the east.Nanded City is divided in two parts: Old Nanded (20.62 km2) on the north bank of Godavari River, and New Nanded (31.14 km2), comprising Waghala and six other newly merged villages which are situated on south of the Godavari river.22.The entire area is covered by the Deccan Traps lava flows of Upper Cretaceous to Lower Eocene age. The lava flows are overlain by thin alluvial deposits along the Kham and Sukhana river. The basaltic lava flows belonging to the Deccan Trap is the only major geological formation occurring in Aurangabad. The lava flows are horizontal and each flow has two distinct units. The highly weathered vesicular trap and underlying weathered jointed and fractured massive trap constitutes the main water yielding zones. The soil is mostly formed from igneous rocks and are black, medium black, shallow and calcareous types having different depths and profiles

Demographics[edit]

Sikh devotees during shobha yatra in Nanded

As of the 2011 census, Nanded had a population of 550,564. The municipality had a sex ratio of 924 females per 1,000 males, and 12.4% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 87.40%; male literacy was 92.68% and female literacy was 81.74%. Estimated 2015 population of Nanded city is around 6,25,560. [7]

Civic Administration[edit]

The city of Nanded is managed by Nanded-Waghala Municipal Corporation (NWCMC).The corporation consist of democratically elected members. The Corporation consist of 81 Members. Shailaja Swami and Shafi Khureshi, both from Indian national congress are mayor and deputy mayor respectively.

Transport[edit]

Road

NH 222 Kalyan-Ahemdnagar-Parbhani-Nanded-Nirmal, NH 204 Nagpur-Wardha-Nanded-Solapur-Kolhapur-Ratnagiri and NH 161 Akola-Nanded-Degloor-Sangareddy pass through the city. State Road Transport Bus service operates to every major city in Maharashtra.

Rail

Nanded is one of the division of South Central Railways.Nanded is known as Huzur Sahib Nanded. It is under the jurisdiction of railway divisions of South Central Railways zone. It is served by 48 pairs of trains every day.[8]

Air

Nanded's airport, the Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji Airport is typically served by regularly scheduled seasonal flights to Mumbai and Delhi during the winter months. The airport has a 'Night Landing Facility'. Currently the airport is non-operational since there aren't any flights on the daily basis.[9]

Industries and Economy[edit]

The city had three textile manufacturing unit but now closed.Nanded is gradually becoming industrial city as few new industries starting their operations.Tourism is another source of revenue with about ten million visitors or devotee visits the city per year. Nanded and Aurangabad are two regional big cities located at two extreme sides of Marathwada, there has been constant demand for creation of new industrial zone named Nanded Aurangabad Industrial Corridor which will connect to Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor. Out of 196 Special Economic Zones of Maharashtra only 10 are in Marathwada. Nanded Aurangabad Industrial Corridor have potential to transform entire Marathwada into an industrial hub.

  • Jai Carporation Ltd, MIDC Nanded
  • Flamingo Pharmaceuticals, MIDC Krooshnoor NANDED
  • Kohinoor Feeds & Fats, MIDC Nanded
  • Sai Smaran Foods Ltd, MIDC Nanded
  • Maharashtra Krushi & Udyog Vikas Mahamandal, MIDC Nanded
  • Godavari Drugs Ltd, MIDC Nanded
  • XL Telecom & Energies Ltd, MIDC Nanded
  • Tata Chemical Ltd, MIDC Nanded
  • Venky's Foods

Beside these major industries Nanded MIDC have few SME industries

Financial services[edit]

Nanded have good banking network. Nanded is regional headquarter of State Bank of Hyderabad. In the first decade of the twenty-first century, Nanded has seen a spurt in financial activities, with almost all public sector and private banks have opened up branches including the State Bank of India, Union Bank of India, State Bank of Hyderabad, Bank of Maharashtra, City Bank, ICICI Bank, Bank of India, HDFC Bank, etc. Regional Rural Bank viz. Maharashtra Gramin Bank had its regional head office in Nanded city but now it is shifted to Aurangabad.

Education[edit]

Nanded is famous for its educational facilities and, with its 131 colleges affiliated with Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, is known as a Educational Hub in Marathwada. Many of the students at the colleges and the University are from nearby districts. There are 3 Engineering Institutions namely Shri Guru Gobind Singhji Institute of Engineering and Technology (SGGS), which is an autonomous college; Mahatma Gandhi Mission's College of Engineering and Technology (MGM), Matoshri Prathistan's Engineering College[10] along with a Government Medical College. The city also has a Government Ayurvedic College and many higher educational institutions. Yeshwant Mahavidhyalaya affiliated to SRTMU (Nanded University) is another reputed college which provides degrees for graduation and post graduation in different specializations.

University

The Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University was established at Nanded by bi-furcating the Marathwada University, Aurangabad on 17 September 1994, the day on which in 1948 Hyderabad State was liberated from rule of the Nizam. Nanded is a district headquarters as well as a holy city situated on the banks of Godavari River in southeastern part of Maharashtra state.

Agriculture

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people in rural parts of the region. Cotton,Banana, Sugarcane,Mango, soybean,Sweetlime and Jawar (sorghum) are the essential crops grown in the city's nearby area. Nanded is second largest Banana producing district in the state after Jalgoan.Nanded have Regional Cotton Research Center.To support the cotton growing industry,Textile mills need to start. An Agricultural School is operational under the aegis of Krishi Vidyapeeth, Parbhani.

Tourism[edit]

Shri Hazur Sahib Gurudwara, Nanded panorama view
Hazur Sahib Nanded, Gurudwara
Interior view of the gurdwara.

Nanded is one of the historical places in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra State. Its history dates back to the period when it was known as Nandi Tatt. Places of historical imporatance include the Kandhar Fort built during the reign of Rashtrakuta king Krishna III [1] The Siddheshwar temple at Hottal built during the Chalukya era is a marvelous piece of Hemadpanti temple strucure.

Nanded has historic and spiritual significance for the Sikhs. Sikh Gurudwaras. In 1708, Guru Gobind Singh the tenth spiritual leader of the Sikhs came over to Nanded, his permanent abode. It was he who preached amongst the Sikhs that there need not be any spiritual leader for them and they should take Granth Sahib as their leader. In 2008, the tercentenary of this ocassion, Guru-ta-Gaddi celebrations were held in Nanded. A Gurdwara has also been constructed where Guru Gobind Singh passed away. It is known as Hazur Sahib Nanded

  • Gurudwara of Hazur Sahib Nanded: built by Maharaja Ranjit Singhji, the ruler of Punjab from 1830 to 1839 A.D. it is one of the five High seats of Authority of the Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh died here and his remains are preserved along with various weapons.
  • Nanded Fort :Situated 4 km away from the Nanded Railway Station, the Nanded Fort has a beautiful location. Sensuous Godavari River encloses the fort on three sides. There is a good garden and water works enhancing its natural beauty

Mahur is home to goddess Renuka, and forms one part of the Saade Teen Shaktipeeth (three and a half seats of Deity of Power). It also has a Parshuram Mandir. Located on two adjoining hills, the Mahur fort was an important point on the major route from the North to the Deccan.

Sahasrakund Waterfalls is a favourite destination for tourists during the monsoon. Situated in Islapur village in Kinwat taluka, it is also accessible by train. Unkeshwar vilage in Kinwat taluka also has a famous Shiva temple. Hot water springs with contents of sulphur and phosphate are believed to have medicinal properties.

Notable people[edit]

Ashok Chavan

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nanded Waghala City Census 2011 data". Indian Census 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "Nanded District - Historical Importance". India.gov.in. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Maharashtra State Gazetteers: Nanded. Director of Government Printing, Stationery and Publications, Maharashtra State. 1971. pp. 4, 576. 
  4. ^ Proceedings - Indian History Congress. Indian History Congress. 2007. p. 331. 
  5. ^ Guruswamy, Mohan. "Police Action". Hyderabad on the Net. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  6. ^ http://182.73.186.23/nwcmc/home.php
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  8. ^ "NED/Hazur Sahib Nanded (4 PFs) Railway Station - Today's Train Arrival Timings - India Rail Info - A Busy Junction for Travellers & Rail Enthusiasts". India Rail Info. 
  9. ^ Shruti Ganapatye (2015-03-02). "21 airports failing to take off". The Asian Age. Retrieved 2015-05-29. 
  10. ^ "Matoshri Pratishthan Provides MBA and Engineering Institutes in Maharashtra". Matoshripratishthannanded.org. Retrieved 2015-05-29.